Assessment of entity level greenhouse gas emissions: A case in Northwestern Mindanao State College of Science and Technology, Tangub City, Misamis Occidental, Philippines

Paper Details

Research Paper 11/12/2023
Views (323) Download (27)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Assessment of entity level greenhouse gas emissions: A case in Northwestern Mindanao State College of Science and Technology, Tangub City, Misamis Occidental, Philippines

Leslie Sam L. Paculba, Rialona Christine An C. Mabida, Geneca Claire M. Perico, Monaliza Joy Zaragoza-Magsayo
J. Bio. Env. Sci.23( 6), 15-25, December 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Institutions and universities are considered as one of the main contributors of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Northwestern Mindanao State College of Science and Technology (NMSCST) is among the institutions in Northern Mindanao that is perceived to emit relevant amount of GHGs from its different sources. This study therefore aimed to quantify the GHG emissions of NMSCST by utilizing the GHG Protocol Guidelines of 2006. Results revealed a total emission of 655.35 tCO2e covered by Scope 1 and Scope 2. Among the categories under Scope 1 emissions, cooking and heating activities got the highest emissions with the total of 102.52 tCO2e. On the other hand, Scope 2 emissions, which are associated with power use, were found to be the largest source contributing 446.25 tCO2e to the total, or 68% of emissions. Overall, this study highlights the significant GHG emissions at NMSCST, particularly in the areas of cooking and heating emissions and electricity consumption. The findings of the study emphasized the importance of implementing eco-friendly practices to eventually reduce emission patterns of NMSCST and promote a more sustainable future.

VIEWS 104

Andersen MPS, Nielsen OJ, Sherman JD. 2021. The Global Warming Potentials for Anesthetic Gas Sevoflurane Need Significant Corrections. Environmental Science and Technology 55(15), 10189-10191.

Aroonsrimorakot S, Yuwaree C, Arunlertaree C, Hutajareorn R, Buadit T. 2013. Carbon footprint of faculty of environment and resource studies, Mahidol University, Salaya Campus, Thailand. APCBEE procedia 5, 175-180.

Ball A, Mason I, Grubnic S, Hughes, P. 2009. The Carbon Neutral Public Sector. Public Management Review 11(5), 575-600.

Banks JL, McConnell R. 2015. National emissions from lawn and garden equipment. International Emissions Inventory Conference 15 pp.

Cano N, Berrio L, Carvajal E, Arango S. 2023. Assessing the carbon footprint of a Colombian University Campus using the UNE-ISO 14064–1 and WRI/WBCSD GHG Protocol Corporate Standard. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 30(2), 3980-3996.

Cortes A, dos Muchangos L, Tabornal KJ, Tolabing HD. 2022. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the carbon footprint of a Philippine University. Environmental Research: Infrastructure and Sustainability 2(4), 13 pp.

Davis S, Lewis N, Shaner M, Aggarwal S, Arent D, Azevedo I, Benson S, Bradley T, Brouwer J, Chiang Y, Clack C, Cohen A, Doig S, Edmonds J, Fennell P, Field C, Hannegan B, Hodge B, Hoffert M, Caldeira K. 2018. Net-zero emissions energy systems. Science 360, 11.

Department of Energy. 2020. 2015-2017 National Grid Emission Factor (NGEF).

Eggleston HS, Miwa K, Srivastava N, Tanabe K. 2008. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories- A primer. Published: IGES, Japan.

Eggleston HS, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K. 2006. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Published: IGES, Japan.

Gaspar K, Gangolells M, Casals M, Pujadas P, Forcada N, Macarulla M,Tejedor B. 2022. Assessing the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the energy consumption of university buildings. Energy and Buildings 257, 12 pp.

Hao J, He D, Wu Y, Fu L, He K. 2000. A study of the emission and concentration distribution of vehicular pollutants in the urban area of Beijing. Atmospheric Environment 34(3), 453–465.

Hatlelid I, Aass J. 2016. The socio-economic impact of renewable energy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A ripple effect analysis of the ASYV solar power plant in Rwanda. Norwegian School of Economics 110 pp.

IPCC. 2014. Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (Eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland 151 pp.

Kareem B. 2015. Evaluation of failures in mechanical crankshafts of automobiles based on expert opinion. Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis 3, 25–33.

Kiehle J, Kopsakangas-Savolainen M, Hilli M, Pongrácz E. 2023. March. Carbon footprint at institutions of higher education: The case of the University of Oulu. Journal of Environmental Management 329, 14 pp.

Kirschke S, Bousquet P, Ciais P, Saunois M, Canadell J, Dlugokencky E, Bergamaschi P, Bergmann D, Blake D, Bruhwiler L, Cameron-Smith P, Castaldi S, Chevallier F, Feng L, Fraser A, Heimann M, Hodson E, Houweling S, Josse B, Zeng G. 2013. Three decades of global methane sources and sinks. Nature Geoscience 6(10), 813-823.

Kokoni S, Skea J. 2014. Input-output and life-cycle emissions accounting: Applications in the real world. Climate policy 14(3), 372-396.

Lamb W, Wiedmann T, Pongratz J, Andrew R, Crippa M, Olivier J, … Minx J. 2021. A review of trends and drivers of greenhouse gas emissions by sector from 1990 to 2018. Environmental research letters 16(7), 31 pp.

Lau KY, Dowlatabadi H. 2011. Lesson from British Columbia’s “Carbon Neutral Government” Mandate. Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions 26 pp.

Le Quéré C, Andres R, Boden T, Conway T, Houghton R, House J, Marland G, Peters G, van der Werf GR, Ahlström A, Andrew RM, Bopp L, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Doney SC, Enright C, Friedlingstein P, Huntingford C, Jain AK, Jourdain C, Kato E, Keeling RF, Klein Goldewijk K, Levis S, Levy P, Lomas M, Poulter B, Raupach MR, Schwinger J, Sitch S, Stocker BD, Viovy N, Zaehle N, Zeng N. 2013. The global carbon budget 1959-2011. Earth System Science Data 5(1), 165-185.

Lenz L, Munyehirwe A, Peters J, Sievert M. 2017. Does large-scale infrastructure investment alleviate poverty. Impacts of Rwanda’s electricity access roll-out program. World Development 89, 88-110.

Lozano R, Ceulemans K, Alonso-Almeida M, Huisingh D, Lozano FJ, Waas T, Lambrechts W, Lukman R, Hugé J. 2015. A review of commitment and implementation of sustainable development in higher education: results from a worldwide survey. Journal of cleaner production 108, 1-18.

Moerschbaecher M, Day JW Jr. 2020. The Greenhouse Gas Inventory of Louisiana State University: A Case Study of the Energy Requirements of Public Higher Education in the United States. Sustainability 2(7), 2117-2134.

Myhre G, Shindell D, Bréon FM, Collins W, Fuglestvedt J, Huang J, Koch D, Lamarque JF, Lee D, Mendoza B, Nakajima T, Robock A, Stephens G, Takemura, T, Zhang H.: Anthropogenic and natural radiative forcing, in: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 659–740.

Nunez C. 2019. Carbon dioxide levels are at a record high. Here’s what you need to know. National Geographic.

Oda T, Maksyutov S,  Andres RJ. 2018. The open-source data inventory for anthropogenic CO2, version 2016: A global monthly fossil fuel CO2 gridded emissions data product for tracer transport simulations and surface flux inversions. Earth System Science Data 10(1), 87-107.

Ologun O, Wara ST. 2014. Carbon Footprint Evaluation and Reduction as a Climate Change Mitigation Tool-Case Study of the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research 4(1), 176-181.

Purcell WM, Henriksen H, Spengler JD. 2019. Universities as the engine of transformational sustainability toward delivering the sustainable development goals: “Living labs” for sustainability. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 20(8), 1343-1357.

Roa M. 2022. Entity-level Greenhouse Gas Emission of University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Oroquieta. American Journal of Environment and Climate 1(3), 6-11.

Salvi B, Subramanian K. 2015. Sustainable development of road transportation sector using hydrogen energy system. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 51, 1132-1155.

Shukla PR, Skea J, Slade R, Al Khourdajie A, Van Diemen R, McCollum D, Malley, J. 2022. Climate change 2022: Mitigation of climate change. Contribution of working group III to the sixth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Smoot G. 2023. What is the carbon footprint of LPG? A Life-Cycle Assessment | Impactful Ninja. Impactful Ninja.

Sun S, Liu J, Zhang M, He S. 2020. Thiosulfate-driven autotrophic and mixotrophic denitrification processes for secondary effluent treatment: Reducing sulfate production and nitrous oxide emission. Bioresource Technology 300, 36 pp.

Unnasch S, Goyal L. 2017. Life cycle analysis of LPG transportation fuels under the Californian LCFS. Life Cycle Associates Report 88 pp.

US EPA. 2023. Importance of methane.

Wang Q, Chiu YH, Chiu CR. 2015. Driving factors behind carbon dioxide emissions in China: A modified production-theoretical decomposition analysis. Energy Economics 51, 252-260.

WRI and WBCSD. 2004 GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. World Resources Institute and World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

Varón-Hoyos M, Osorio-Tejada JL, Morales-Pinzón T. 2021. Carbon footprint of a university campus from Colombia. Carbon Management, 12 (1), 93-107.

Yasukochi E. 2007. Peer University Benchmarking Study: Transit, Parking and Transportation Demand Management; North Carolina State University: Raleigh, NC, USA.

Yin Z, Jiang X, Lin S, Liu J. 2022. The impact of online education on carbon emissions in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic-Taking Chinese Universities as examples. Applied Energy 314, 13.

Zhou Y, Zou S, Duan W, Chen Y, Takara K,  Di Y. 2022. Analysis of energy carbon emissions from agroecosystems in Tarim River Basin, China: A pathway to achieve carbon neutrality. Applied Energy 325, 119842.