Assessment of essential amino acids in wheat proteins: a case study

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2014
Views (217) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Assessment of essential amino acids in wheat proteins: a case study

Muhammad Saleem Khan, Ehsan Ali, Sajjad Ali, Wisal Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Anwar Sajjad, Fida Hussain
J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 6), 185-189, June 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The protein and amino acid composition of six most yielding varieties of wheat, commonly grown in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) were analyzed to correlate the protein with its Essential and non essential amino acid contents. The wheat protein is rich in non-essential glutamic acid and proline, whereas deficient in most of the essential amino acids, such as lysine, tryptophan, threonine, methionine and histidine. Lysine, and tryptophan had a significant (p=0.01) negative correlation with protein. While glutamic acid and proline had a significant (p=0.01) positive relation with the protein. The association of these amino acids with the protein was greater as compared to all other amino acids. In order to improve the nutritive value of wheat protein the essential amino acid content should be enhanced by mutation breeding.

VIEWS 11

AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis, Washington, D. C.

Andersen LO, Michel AP, Ronald S. 1980. “Nutritional evaluation of food Processing”. Jhon Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York.: 69.

Aslam, Shams R. 1992. Indicates some inadequacy in quality of diet of the average Pakistani particularly with respect to protein, vitamins and minerals. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture. 1, 12-24.

Baily LJ. 1980. Techniques in protein Chemistry, Elsevier Publishing Co., New York. P. 17.

Blauth OJ, Charezinski M, Berbec H. 1963. Determination of the Tryptophan Content of Feed and Feedstuffs by Ion Exchange Liquid Chromatography. Journal of Annual. Biochemistry. P 6-69.

Block JR, Durram LE, Zuleign G. 1958. A Manual of paper Chromatography and Paper electrophoresis. 2nd ed. Academic press Inc. Publishers, New york. pp. 100-103.

Ahmad I, Hussain T. 1986. and hamidullah Shah Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Nutrition, NWFP Agricultural University, Peshawar. Pakistan Journal of Biochemistry, 19(1-2), 13.Iqtidar, A. and Khan, (1977) Journal of Agriculture. Pakistan, 28(1), 1.

Cluskey JE, Wu YV, Wall JS, Inglett GE. 1973. Oat protein concentrates from a wet-milling process: Preparation. Cereal Chem, 50(4), 475-481.Khalil, J. K., Khan, N. A and Ahmad, M (1975) Pakistan Journal Scientific. Research. 27, 156.

Khan AH. 1972. Cereals Programme meeting Cento Council for Sci. Ed., Res. Lahore. pp 27-34.

Nadeem MT, Sattar A, Ali M, Muhammed A. 1969. Effect of gamma radiation on the Biochemical and organoleptic properties of Basmati Rice.Food Irrad. 10(1-2), 13-17.Larsen, I. and Nelson, J. D. (1966) Journal of. Plant and Soil. 24, 299

Nation JL, Patton RL 1961. A study of nitrogen excretion in insects. Journal of Insect Physiology, 6(4), 299-308

Patterson DT, Flint EP. 1990. Implications of increasing carbon dioxide and climate change for plant communities and competition in natural and managed ecosystems. Impact of carbon dioxide, trace gases, and climate change on global agriculture, (impactofcarbond), 83-110.

Jensen RA. 1976. Enzyme recruitment in evolution of new function. Annual Reviews in Microbiology, 30(1), 409-425.Saleem. M. T. and Rehman, S., (1970) J. Agri. Res. pp. 8, 233.

Sejian V, Srivastava RS. 2009. Effects of melatonin on adrenal cortical functions of Indian goats under thermal stress. Veterinary medicine international, 2010.Terman, G. F., Raming, R. E., Drier, A. F., and Olson, A. F. (1969) Agro. Journal 61, 755

Boyd EM, Knight LM. 1963. Postmortem shifts in the weight and water levels of body organs. Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 5(1), 119-128.