Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | April 1, 2016

VIEWS 2
| Download 3

Assessment of farm-level sustainability indicators for Moroccan sheep farming systems using an adapted IDEA approach analysis

A. Boughalmi, A. Araba

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.8(4), 143-155, April 2016

Certification:

IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Intensification of livestock farming during the last decades has raised many issues including ecological impacts and food security. In the Middle Atlas of Morocco, extensive sheep production systems are facing changes and constraints that may influence their sustainability. In this paper we present an adapted approach from IDEA (Indicateurs de la Durabilité des Exploitations Agricoles) method to evaluate the sustainability of sheep farming systems in the Eastern Middle Atlas, Morocco. For this purpose, 75 farms were selected from three production system in the area i.e. Agro-silvo-pastoral, Pastoral and Olive-grave based oasis systems. The assessment of sustainability of farms showed that agro-silvo-pastoral and pastoral ones presented higher score for sustainability compared to the olive-grave based oasis ones (P<0.05). Regarding the three sustainability dimensions, i.e. agro-ecologic, socio-territorial and economic, the comparison showed that farming system affects the agro-ecologic and socio-territorial scales (P<0.05) but not the economic one (P >0.05). Analyze of sustainability scores demonstrated that the sustainability of agro-silvo-pastoral farms is limited by the economic characters, while the agro-ecological aspects seem to be the weakness points of the olive-grave based oasis farms. Pastoral farms presented balanced scores for the three scales of sustainability. Consequently, improving these aspects could, on one hand, improves the global sustainability of the three sheep farming systems and, on the other hand, guaranties the continuity of this sector in the Moroccan Middle Atlas area.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Assessment of farm-level sustainability indicators for Moroccan sheep farming systems using an adapted IDEA approach analysis

Bauer S, Mickan S. 1997. Necessity for integration of agricultural, regional and environmental policy for disadvantaged rural areas. In: Laker J, Milne JA, Ed. Livestock Systems in European Rural Development. LSIRD Network. Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen 115–124.

Boughalmi A, Araba A, Yessef M. 2015. Dynamics of extensive sheep production systems in Morocco. Livestock Research for Rural Development 27, http:// www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/11/ boug27221.html.

Boyazoglu J, Flamant JC. 1990. The actual state and the future of animal production in the Mediterranean rangelands. In: Proceeding of the 4th International Rangeland Congress, Montpellier 1017– 1025.

Briquel V, Vilain L, Bourdais JL, Girardin P, Mouchet C, Viaux P. 2011. La méthode IDEA (indicateurs de durabilité des exploitations agricoles) : une démarche pédagogique. Ingénieries 25, 29 – 39.

Desbois D. 2007. Impacts marchands, non marchands et structurels des réformes des politiques agricoles et agro-environnementales. La mesure de la durabilité: Une synthèse. Document de travail nº 8 du projet IMPACTS INRA.

FAO. 2014. Building a common vision for sustainable food and agriculture principles and approaches, FAO Press 4 – 44.

Foresight UK. 2011. The future of food and farming: Challenges and choices for global sustainability. Government Office for Science, Foresight, Final Project Report.

Hennessy T, Buckley C, Dillon E, Donnellan T, Hanrahan K, Moran B, Ryan M. 2013. Measuring Farm Level Sustainability with the Teagasc National Farm Survey. Teagasc. Irland 1-22.

Le Roux X, Barbault R, Baudry J, Burel F, Doussan I, Garnier E, Herzog F, Lavorel S, Lifran R, Roger-Estrade J, Sarthou JP, Trommetter Ml. 2008. Agriculture and biodiversity,Benefiting from synergies : Synthesis of the multidisciplinary scientific assessment. INRA Multidisciplinary Scientific Assessment Unit. French National Institute for Agricultural Research Paris.

Marchand F, Debruyne L, Triste L, Gerrard C, Padel S, Lauwers L. 2014. Key characteristics for tool choice in indicator based sustainability assessment at farm level. Ecology and Society 19. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06876-190346.

Nardone A, Zervas G, Ronchi B. 2004. Sustainability of small ruminant organic systems of production. Livestock Production Science 90, 27–39.

Peschard D, Galan MB, Boizard H. 2004. Tools for evaluating the environmental impact of agricultural practices at the farm level: analysis of 5 agri-environmental methods. Colloque: OECD Expert Meeting on Farm Management Indicators for Agriculture and The Environment, New Zealand, March 8-12.

Priolo A, Micol D, Agabriel J. 2001. Effects of grass feeding systems on ruminant meat colour and flavour. A review. Animal Research 50, 185-200.

Rigby D, Caceres D. 2001. Organic farming and the sustainability of agricultural systems. Agricultural Systems 68, 21-40.

Sanchez-Rodriguez M, Gomez-Castro AG, Domenech-GarciaV, Mata-Moreno C. 1996. Goat husbandry systems in marginal areas of the Mediterranean. In: Proceeding of International Symposium on The Optimal Exploitation of Marginal Mediterranean Areas by Extensive Ruminant Production Systems. EAAP publication No. 83. Thessaloniki, Greece 338-339.

SAS Institute INC. 1997. SAS User’s Guide. Statistics, Version 6.10 SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC USA.

Srour G. 2006. Amélioration durable de l’élevage des petits ruminants au Liban. Thèse de doctorat. Institut National Polytechnique De Lorraine France.

United Nations 2013. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. http://esa.un.org/ unpd/wup/unup/ index_panel1. html.

Vilain L. 2003. La méthode IDEA: Indicateurs de Durabilité des Exploitations Agricoles – Guide d’utilisation, deuxième édition enrichie et élargie à l’arboriculture, au maraîchage et à l’horticulture, Educagri éditions, Dijon, France 1-151.

Vilain L. 2008. La méthode IDEA: indicateurs de durabilité des exploitations agricoles, Educagri Editions, Dijon, France 1-184.

Yakhelf H, Far Z, Ghozlane F, Madani T, Marie M. 2008. Evaluation de la durabilité des systèmes agropastoraux bovins dans le contexte de la zone semi-aride de Sétif (Algérie). New Medit 4, 36-39.

Zahm F, Viaux P, Girardin P, Vilain L, Mouchet C. 2006. Farm sustainability assessment using the IDEA method: from the concept of farm sustainability to case studies on French farms. Proc first Symp Int Forum on Assessing Sustainability in Agriculture (INFASA), March 16, Bern, Switzerland.

Zahm F, Viaux P, Vilain L, Girardin P, Mouchet C. 2008. Assessing farm sustainability with the IDEA method— from the concept of agriculture sustainability to case studies on farms. Sustainable Development 16, 271-281.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background