Assessment of forage corn quality intercropping with green beans under influence of Rhizobium bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2015
Views (211) Download (3)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Assessment of forage corn quality intercropping with green beans under influence of Rhizobium bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus

Mohammad Sibi, Elham Faryabi, Zahra Marzban
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 5), 418-424, May 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To assess the quality of forage corn intercropping with green beans under the influence of Rhizobium bacteria and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungus, make a test in educational-research farm of agriculture faulty of Azna PNU that it was design in factorial to randomized complete block with three replications. The experimental factors include cropping systems such as mono cropping of corn, mono cropping of green beans, intercropping, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungus (use and non-use) and Rhizobium bacteria (use and non-use). The results showed that cropping systems on crude protein, wet forage weight, dry forage weight were significant at 1% level as well as leaf to stem ratio was significant at 5% level. Between different levels of bacteria used, acid detergent fiber was impressed and was significant at 5% level. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungus was significant at 5% level on water soluble carbohydrate. The results showed that the use of separate and combined of Rhizobium bacteria and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungus increase the quality of corn in intercropping than mono cropping. Finally with increasing of plant diversity and micro-organism in soil increased the quality and quantity of forage.

VIEWS 6

Alizadeh O, Alizadeh A. 2011. Consideration use of mycorrhiza and vermicompost to optimizing of chemical fertilizer application in corn cultivation. Advances in Environmental Biology 5(6), 1279-1284.

Bingol NT, Karsli MA, Yilmaz IH, Bolat D. 2007. The effects of planting time and combination on the nutrient composition and digestible dry matter yield of four mixtures of vetch varieties intercropped with barley. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 31(5), 297-302.

Coleman SW, Moore JE. 2003. Feed quality and animal performance. Field Crops Research 84(1), 17-29.

Contreras-Gove FE, Muck RE, Armstrong KL, Albrecht KA. 2009. Fermentability of corn–lablab bean mixtures from different planting densities. Animal feed science and technology 149(3), 298-306.

Coors JG. 1995. Grain yield and nutritional quality of corn silage. Final 4 year UW corn silage research consortium meeting Madison.WS unpublished.

Curran B, Posch J. 2001. Agronomic management of silage for yield and quality–silage cutting height. Crop Insights 10(2), 1-4.

Dahmardeh M, Ghanbar A, Syahsar BA, Ramrodi M. 2010. The role of intercropping maize (Zea mays L.) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) on yield and soil chemical properties. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(8), 631-636.

Etesami H, Alikhani HA, Akbari AA. 2009. Evaluation of plant growth hormones production (IAA) ability by Iranian soils rhizobial strains and effects of superior strains application on wheat growth indexes. World Appl Sci J, 6(11), 1576-1584.

Greene LW, Johnson AB, Paterson J, Ansotegui R. 1998. Role of trace minerals in cow-calf cycle examined. Feedstuffs 70, 12-17.

Hail Y, Daci M, Tan M. 2009. Evaluation of Annual legumes and barley as sole crops andintercrop in spring frost conditions for animal feeding. Yield and quality. Journal Animal Advance 8(7), 1337-1342.

Lithourgidis A S, Dhima KV, Vasilakoglou IB, Dordas CA, Yiakoulaki MD. 2007. Sustainable production of barley and wheat by intercropping common vetch. Agronomy for sustainable development 27(2), 95-99.

Lithourgidis AS, Vasilakoglou IB, Dhima KV, Dordas CA, Yiakoulaki MD. 2006. Forage yield and quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios. Field Crops Research, 99(2), 106-113.

Liu J, Zeng Z, Jiao L, Hu Y, Wang Y, Li H. 2005. Intercropping of different silage maize cultivars and alfalfa. Zuo wu xue bao 32(1), 125-130.

Naghizade M, Galavi M. 2012. Evaluation of forage quality intercropping under influence of biological and chemical P fertilizer. Journal of Agricultural Ecology 4(1), 52-62.

Neumann A, Schmidtke K, Rauber R. 2007. Effects of crop density and tillage system on grain yield and N uptake from soil and atmosphere of sole and intercropped pea and oat. Field Crops Research, 100(2), 285-293.

Roberts CA, Stuth J, Finn PC. 2003. NIRS applications in forages and feedstuffs. In: Roberts C.A, Workman J, Reeves J. (Eds.), Near Infra-spectroscopy in Agriculture. Agronomy Monograph. 321. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI.

Srimathiriya L, Kumutha K, Arthee R, Pandiyarajan P. 2014. Studies on the Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Enhancement on Soil Aggregate Stability. Research Journal of Recent Sciences 3, 19-28.

Uhart SA, Andrade FH. 1995. Nitrogen defeciency in maize: I. Effects on crop growth, development, dry matter partitioning, and kernel set. Crop Science, 35(5), 1376-1383.