Assessment of genetic variability, heritability, character association and selection indexes in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2017
Views (288) Download (13)

Assessment of genetic variability, heritability, character association and selection indexes in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

M. T. Hasan, A.C. Deb
Int. J. Biosci.10( 2), 111-129, February 2017.
Certificate: IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


An experiment was carried out to assess the nature and extent of genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance, correlation coefficient, path coefficient and construct the selection index in the material. The experiment was set up during the four consecutive robi seasons of 2009-2010, to 2012-2013 at the Botanical Research Field, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh and thirteen yield and yield components of eight genotypes of chickpea have been considered. The analysis of variance showed significant differences among genotypes for all the studied characters. The highest phenotypic variation was observed for NPd/P followed by NS/P and PWH. The highest GCV with high PCV were found for NS/P and NPd/P. The heritability (h2b), genetic advance (GA) and genetic advance as percentage of mean (GA %) were found to be low for most of the characters. Yield per plant exhibited positive association with NPBFF, NPBMF, NPd/P, PdW/P and NS/P both at genotypic and phenotypic levels. In the analysis of descriminant function, NPBFF and NPBMF gave the highest expected genetic gain. Since these two traits exhibited highest genetic gain in the combination of selection index and showed positive correlation with SW/P both at both levels hence considered as primary yield component.


Akhtar LH, Pervez MA, Nasim M. 2011. Genetic divergence and interrelationship studies in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 48(1), 35-39.

Ali MA, Khan IA. 2007. Assessment of genetic variation and inheritance mode in some metric traits of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal of Agricultural & Social Sciences 4, 112-116.

Ali MA, Nawab NN, Abbas A, Zulkiffal M, Sajjad M. 2009. Evaluation of selection criteria in Cicer arietinum L. using correlation coefficients and path analysis. Australian Journal of Crop Sciences 3(2), 65-70.

Ali Q, Ahsan M, Khan NH, Ali F, Elahi M, Elahi F. 2012. Genetic analysis for various quantitative traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Agriculture Veteinary and Medical Sciences 6(1), 51-57.

Ali Q, Tahir MHN, Sadaqat HA, Arshad S, Farooq J, Ahsan M, Waseem M, Iqbal A. 2011. Genetic variability and correlation analysis for quantitative traits in chickpea genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Bacteriol Research 3(1), 6-9.

Arshad M, Bakhsh A, Zubair M, Ghafoor A. 2003a. Genetic variability and correlation studies in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 35(4), 605-611.

Bakhsh A, Arshad M, Haqqani MA. 2006. Effect of genotype ´ environment interaction on relationship between grain yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 38(3), 683-690.

Deb AC, Khaleque MA. 2005. Path-coefficient analysis of yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian Agricultural Research 49(3&4), 267-276.

Deb AC, Khaleque MA. 2007. Study of discriminant function selection in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian Biologist 39(1), 51-60.

Dewey DR, Lu KH. 1959. A correlation and path-coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal 51, 515-518.

Fisher RA, Immer FR, Tedin O. 1932. The genetical interpretation of statistics of the third degree in the study of quantitative inheritance. Genetics 17(2), 107-124.

Fisher RA. 1936. The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic problems. Annals of Eugenics 7, 179-189.

Gupta AM, Singh D, Kumar A. 2009. Genetic variability, genetic advance and correlation in chilli (Capsicum annuum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 79(3), 221-223.

Hasan MT, Deb AC. 2013. Genetic variability and correlation study in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Sustainable Agricuitural Technology 9(1), 8-11.

Hasan MT. 2001. Study of stability parameters regarding irrigation treatments of some of the yield component of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). M.Sc Thesis, University of Rajshahi. Bangladesh.

Hazel LN. 1943. The genetic basis for constructing selection indices. Genetics 28, 476-490.

Jeena AS, Arora PP, Ojha OP. 2005. Variability and correlation studies for yield and its components in chickpea. Legume Research 28, 146-148.

Jivani JV, Mehta DR, Vaddoria MA, Raval L. 2013. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 4(2), 1167-1170.

Johanson NW, Robinson H E, Comstok RE.1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agronomy Journal 47, 314-318.

Khan H, Ahmad SQ, Ahmad F, Khan MS, Iqbal N. 2006. Genetic variability and correlations among quantitative traits in gram. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 22(1), 55-59.

Lush JL.1949. Animal breeding plan. Lows state Univ. Press. Ames. USA. Ed 3.

Mather K. 1949a. Biometrical Genetics (1st eds.), Mathuen and Co. Ltd. London.

Mushtaq MA, Bajwa MM, Salem M. 2013. Estimation of genetic variability and path analysis of grain yield and its components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Reseach 4(1), 1-4.

Nahar SMN. 1997. Genetic study of economically important characters and construction of selection index in sugarcane. Phd Thesis, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Pratap A, Basandrai D, Sood BC. 2004. Variability and heritability studies in early maturity chickpea genotypes. Indian Journal of Pulses Research 17(2), 177-178.

Renukadevi P, Subbalakshmi B. 2006. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in chickpea. Legume Research 29(3), 201-204.

Robinson HF, Comstock RE, Harvey PH. 1951. Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in corn and their implications in selection. Agronomy Journal 43, 282-287.

Saleem M, Ali S, Yousuf M, Haris WAA. 1999. Path-coefficient analysis of seed yield and quantitative traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 1(3), 106-107.

Sarker N, Deb AC. 2009. Variability and the implication of discriminant function for selection in blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Journal of the Bangladesh Society of Agricultural Science and Technology 6(1&2), 191-196.

Sarker N, Samad MA, Azad AK, Deb AC. 2013. Selection for better attributes through variability and discriminant function analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Subtropical Agricultural Research & Development 11(1), 1050-1055.

Sarker N. 2012. Genetic improvement of yield and yield contributing characters of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) through mutation breeding. PhD Thesis, University of Rajshahi. Bangladesh.

Shahid RM, Bakhsh A, Asif MA, Iqbal U, Iqbal SM. 2010. Assessment of genetic variability and interrelationship among some agronmic traits in chickpea. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 12(1), 81-85.

Sharma LK, Saini DP. 2010. Variability and association studies for seed yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1(3), 209-211.

Singh BK, Sharma SR, Kalia P, Singh B. 2010. Character association and path analysis of morphological and economic traits in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 80(2), 116-118.

Singh KB, Bejiga G, Malhotra RS. 1990. Associations of some characters with seed yield in chickpea. Euphytica 49, 83-88.

Singh RK. 1972. Selection index-yes or no. Vistas Plant Sciences 2, 111-140.

Smith HF. 1936. Recent studies on inheritance of quantitative character in plants. Botanical Research 10, 349-382.

Srivastava KK, Das B, Ahmed N, Singh SR, Rather JA, Bhat SK. 2012. Correlation and co-heritability studies of yield and yield-associating characters in apple (Malus domestica). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 82(3), 270-276.

Tomar OK, Singh D, Singh D. 2009. Genetic analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 79(12), 1041-1045.

Vaghela MD, Poshiya VK, Savaliya JJ, Davada BK, Mungra KD. 2009. Studies on character association and path analysis for seed yield and its components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Legume Research 32(4), 245-249.

Warner JN. 1952. A method of estimating heriability. Agronomy Journal 44, 427-430.

Wright S. 1921. Correlation and causation. Journal of Agricultural Research 20, 557-585.

Wright S. 1923. The theory of path-coefficients a reply to Niles criticism. Genetics 8, 239-255.

Yucel DO, Anlarsal AE. 2010. Determination of selection criteria with path-coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) breeding. Bulgerian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 16, 42-48.

Zali H, Farshadfar E, Sabaghpour SH. 2011. Genetic variability and interrelationships among agronomic traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Journal of Crop Breeding 1(2), 127-132.

Zeeshan M, Arshad W, Shiraz Ali, Owais M, Zulkiffal M, Husain M. 2013. Genetic divergence and character association in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Wudpecker Journal of Agricultural Research 2(1), 28-32.