Assessment of groundwater contamination and its impact on public health in Bhalwal City, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/07/2019
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Assessment of groundwater contamination and its impact on public health in Bhalwal City, Pakistan

Muhammad Umar Farooq, Saira Batool, Omar Riaz, Muhammad Nasar-u-Minallah, Taswar Abbas, Muhammad Tayyab
J. Bio. Env. Sci.15( 1), 1-11, July 2019.
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Water is essential for human beings but poor quality of water has become a serious problem now a days. In the study area (Bhalwal city) ground water is one of the main sources of drinking water. The quality of ground water is getting worse due to untreated industrial discharge, agricultural subsistence and urban affluent. This study investigates ground water impurity in study area and its effects on public health. The quality of drinking water was compared with the criteria of WHO (World Health Organization). The recent study discloses that only Cu values were in limit as compared to WHO guidelines. EC (83.3%) TDS (69.05%), K (61.9%), and PH (4.0%) results were out of limits as compare to WHO standard for drinking water. A survey was also conducted for public views about water quality in study area and results show that 49% respondent were very dissatisfied, 26% somewhat dissatisfied, 11% somewhat satisfied and 14% very satisfied. Some of the diseases have been pointed out by Tehsile head quarter (THQ) hospital report, 522 patients of cardiovascular, 181 patients of asthma and rapid heartbeat, 16 patients of kidney stone and 211 patients of Diarrhea are registered monthly in 2017. Most of these patients are victim of poor-quality water. In Bhalwal city five Babu Pani (بابو پانی) Water filtration plants are functional which cannot fulfill the requirement of safe & pure drinking water. In this regard, improved, planned and properly treated water supply is essentially required to meet the drinking requirements of the city.


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