Assessment of inorganic and organic fertilizers regimes on yield and yield components of sunflower in Morogoro, Tanzania

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2018
Views (356) Download (22)

Assessment of inorganic and organic fertilizers regimes on yield and yield components of sunflower in Morogoro, Tanzania

Irika M, Josiah M. Kinama, Habineza M. Jean Pierre
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12( 6), 83-93, June 2018.
Certificate: IJAAR 2018 [Generate Certificate]


An experiment was conducted at Sokoine University of Agriculture to assess the effect of organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilizers on yield and yield component of sunflower in Morogoro. The treatments included the control; 2 t farmyard manure (FYM) ha-1 applied at planting (AAP); 5 t FYM ha-1 AAP; 10 t FYM ha-1 AAP; 20kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 days after planting (DAP); 40kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 DAP; 60kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 DAP; 2 t FYM ha-1 AAP + 20kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 DAP; 5 t FYM ha-1 AAP + 40kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 DAP and 10 t FYM ha-1 AAP + 60kg N ha-1 applied as UREA at 30 DAP. A randomized complete block design was used and treatments were replicated three times. Data collected included: Soil fertility, plant height and number of leaves at 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 DAP; Head diameter, biomass yield, total seed yield, thousand seeds weight. The data were subjected to ANOVA and means were separated with LSD 0.05. The application of 10 t FYM ha-1 + 60kg N ha-1 significantly increased seed yield and 1000 seeds weight in both seasons. For this reason, 10 t FYM ha-1 + 60kg N ha-1 can be recommended to farmers to produce high seed sunflower yield and yield component at Morogoro.


Abdel-Motagally FMF, Osman EA. 2010. Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization combination of productivity of two sunflower cultivars under east of El-ewinate conditions. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science 8(4), 397-401.

Agele SO, Taiwo TG. 2013. Effects of Methods of Seedbed preparation and organic amendments on soil properties, growth and yield of sunflower in a humid zone of Nigeria. Department of crop, soil and pest management. Federal university of technology, Akure Nigereia.

Agricultural Research Institute (ARI)- Ilonga. 2008. Sunflower oil consumption preference. Tanzania.

Al-Thabet SS. 2011. Effect of Nitrogen levels on growth and yield of sunflower. Crops and range management College of Agriculture and Food Science. King Faisal University. Al- Hassa Saudi Arabia.

Al-Thabet SS. 2006. Effect of plant spacing and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) J. King Saudi Univ. Agric Sci 19, 1-11.

Berglund D. 2012. Irrigated sunflowers. North Dakota State University. US.

Berglund DR. 2007. Sunflower production and Marketing Extension. N.D. Agricultural Experiment station. North Dakota State University. US.

Brady NC, Weil RR. 2008. Nature and properties of soils 14th edition . Pearson education Inc. Prentice Hall. India. New Delhi.

Cantur 2011. The benefits of organic fertilizer application: case Indonesia: Garut and Sragen Regencies. Gadjah Mada University.Conference paper 1-24.

Ebrahim LEEl, Absawy EA, Salem AH, Gaaffar NA. 2003. Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus fertilization levels on growth, photosynthetic pigments, yield and yield components of sunflower Helianthus annuus Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research 30, 122 -1271.

Esmaelian Y, Mohammad R, Asghripour MR, Amiri E. 2012. Comparison of Sole and Combined Nutrient Application on Yield and Biochemical Composition of Sunflower under Water Stress. International journal of applied science and technology 2( 3).

FAO. 2015. Farmer’s compost handbook, Experience in Latine America, Santario. Book, 1-112.

Filho DHG, Chaves LHG, Campos VB, Junior JAS, and Oliveira TL. 2011. Production of Sunflower and Biomass Depending on Available Soil Water and Nitrogen Levels. Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment. Department of Agricultural Engineering Federal University of Campina Grande, Brazil 2(4), 313-319.

Ghalavand A, Akbar P, Modares, AM, Sanavy M, Aghaalikhani S, Shoghi, Alkhoran K. 2011. Comparison of different nutritional levels and effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on the grain yield and quality of suflower. Agronomy Department, University of Tehran- Iran.

Gruhn P, Goletti F, Yudelman M. 2000. Integrated Nutrient Management, Soil Fertility, and Sustainable Agriculture: Current Issues and Future Challenges, 2020 Brief 6, 1-3.

Helmy AM, Ramdan MF. 2000. Agronomic performance and chemical response of sunflower to some organic nitrogen sources and conventional sunflower fertilizers under sandy soil conditions. Zagazig University. Egypt.

Home Grown Cereals Authority–HGCA. 2005. Factors affecting lodging in winter wheats. Pentonville road- London UK.

Hussain SS, Thomas T. 2010. Influence of Nitrogen and Sulfur on Growth, Biomass Yield and Oil Content of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in Inceptisol. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Department of Soil and Environmental Science, Allahabad Agricultural Institute (Deemed University) Allahabad, India 1(2), 155-157.

Munir MA, Malik MA, Saleem FM. 2007. Impact of Intergration of crop manuring and Nitrogen Application on Growth Yield and Quality of Spring Planted Sunflower. University of Agriculture- Faisalabad, Afghanstan.

Munir MA. 2007. Nutritional management studies on spring planted sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Proc. Symp. Sunflower Agron 227.

Nobre GR, Da Sousa DW, De Lima GS, Gheyi HR, Dias AS, Pinheiro PWA. 2014. Sources and doses of nitrogen in the production of sunflower plants irrigated with saline water. Brasilia.

Oyinlola EY, Ogunwole JO, Amapu IY. 2010. Response of sunflower to nitrogen application in Savanna Alfisols. Ahmedo Bello University. Nigeria.

Pinthus MJ. 1973. Lodging in wheat, barley and oats: the phenomenon its cause and preventive measures. Advances in agronomy (25), 209-263.

Ramulu N, Krishna M, Jayadeva HM, Ravi Kumari HS. 2011. Seed yield and Nutrient uptake of sunflower (Heliathus annuus) as influenced by different levels of nutrients under irrigated conditions of eastern dry zone Karnataka, India.

Rasool F, Hassan B, Jahangir IA, Ali T, Mubarak T. 2013. Nutriotional Yield and Economic Responses of sunflower to integrated levels of Nitrogen, Sulphur and Farm Yard Manure. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India. 191-121.

Razi H, Asad MT. 1998. Evaluation of variation of agronomic traits and water stress tolerant in sunflower conditions. Agricultural and Natural Resources Sciences 2, 31-43.

Rural Livelihood Development Company (RLDC). 2008. Sunflower Sector and Market Development Strategy. Dodoma, Tanzania.

Sharma KR, Srivastava PC, Ghosh M, Gangwar MS. 1999. Effect of Bororn and Farmyard manure application on growth, yields and boron nutrition of sunflower, Journal of Plant Nutrition 4(5), 633-640.

Tams AR. Mooney SJ, Berry PM. 2004. Effect of Lodging in cereals on morphological properties of the root-soil complex. Division of Environmental sciences. Nottingham. NG7 2RD, UK.

Wabekwa JW, Degri MM, Dangari LC. 2012. The effects of Nitrogen mineral on yield performance of sunflower in Bauchi State. Nigeria.

Warrick EB. 2001. Sunflower production Guide for West Central Texas. Agrilife Research and Extension center. San Angelo.

Yagoub OS, Ahmed WMA, Mariod AA. 2012. Effect of Urea, NPK and compost on growth and yield of soyabean (Glycine max) in semi-arid region of Sudan. International scholarly research Network. Agronomy. Khartoum Sudan.