Assessment of Physico-Chemical Parameters of Sugar industry effluents

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Research Paper 01/12/2017
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Assessment of Physico-Chemical Parameters of Sugar industry effluents

Muhammad Rayid, Zeeshan Ali, Anila Sikandar, Shaiza Bushra, Rafia Ali, Muhammad Zarak Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Sajid Aman
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 6), 101-113, December 2017.
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Sugar industries wastewater effluents are responsible for significant environmental and health problems in the absence of adequate pollution control measures. Nearly all stages of sugar production results in discharge of wastewater containing high levels of oil and suspended chemicals. In the present study, water effluents were collected from selected sugar mills in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and the effluent samples were examined for different physico-chemical parameters viz. pH, total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), Electrical conductivity (EC), Turbidity, Free carbon dioxide, Carbonate, Bi-carbonate, Chlorides, Total hardness, Calcium carbonate, Calcium, Magnesium, Nitrite-nitrogen, Nitrate-nitrogen, Orthophosphate, and Sulfate. The analytical data revealed that the observed values of TSS, EC, TDS and pH were higher than Pakistan’s National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) while other parameters turbidity, Calcium hardness, Nitrate-nitrogen, Nitrite-nitrogen, electrical conductivity, free carbon dioxide, and Sulfate concentration were found in range. The current study suggested that proper waste water monitoring and water arrangement system should be installed which not only ensure safety but also protect human health.


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