Assessment of relative resistance in advanced rice genotypes in response to variation in abiotic factors and development of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

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Research Paper 01/12/2013
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Assessment of relative resistance in advanced rice genotypes in response to variation in abiotic factors and development of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Mansoor-ul-Hasan, Muhammad Sagheer, Abdul Khaliq, Fawad Zafar Ahmad Khan, Hafiza Tahira Gul, Khalil Ahmad, Syed Amir Manzoor, Muhammad Yasir, Mudassar Javed, Muhammad Nadeem
Int. J. Biosci.3( 12), 33-38, December 2013.
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The study was planned for the assessment of susceptibility or resistance level in six advanced rice genotypes viz: Super Basmati, Basmati-515, Basmati-2006, Basmati-385, KSK-133 and KSK-282 against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) at three temperatures 28, 32 and 35oC. Qualitative loss assessment includes weight loss, percentage damaged grains and frass weight was calculated after three months of storage. Experiment was also conducted to find out the multiplication of red flour beetle. At all three temperatures significant results were calculated for quantitative loss assessment. The results calculated for percentage damaged grains and frass weight showed that Basmati-2006 and course genotype KSK-133 was most susceptible against red flour beetle attack. On the other hand KSK-282 was highly resistant following by Super Basmati, Basmati-515 and Basmati-385. High weight loss was calculated in Basmati-385 at 28oC at bar with KSK-133 at 32oC. But minimum weight loss was observed in KSK-282 at 35oC. For progeny development, maximum number of insect emergence was calculated in Basmati-2006 and KSK-133 as positive correlation with damaged grains. Least population emergence was found in KSK- 282. Overall maximum quantitative losses were observed at 32oC but less at infestation occurred at 28 and 35oC. So the results can be helpful for prolonged storage and these results can be incorporated in modern breeding programs for production of insect resistant varieties.


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