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Research Paper | January 1, 2013

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Assessment of seed to seed allelopathic potential of Corn (Zea mays L.) on seed and seedling growth of some volunteer species

Sirous Hassannejad, Soheila Porheidar Ghafarbi, Ramin Lotfi

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Int. J. Biosci.3(1), 121-127, January 2013

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Abstract

The experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of interaction seed to seed between corn (Zea mays L.) with some of volunteer species like sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa var. subinermis.), black cumin (Nigella sativa L.), bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.), proso (Panicum miliaceum L.) and jimpson-weed datura (Datura stramonium L.) on seed and seedling growth factors. Results showed that O. sativa had inhibitory effect on Z. mays seedling growth, as shoot and root length and fresh weight of Z. mays by beside of this specie was significantly inhibited. In contrast, V. ervilia and P. miliaceum had stimulatory effect on seedling growth factors of Z. mays, as shoot and root length and fresh weight of Z. mays in the presence of these species was significantly increased. Seedling of P. miliaceum by beside of Z. mays had more germination percentage, shoot fresh weight and root dry weight in comparison with control. Less germination rate of Z. mays by beside of N. sativa was caused the reducing of shoot and root fresh and dry weight of this specie. Our results suggested that the seedling growth is suitable for potential testing of the allelopathic effect of the studied seed to seed interaction under laboratory conditions. In addition, the choice of vigorous seeds can be useful to alleviation of possible allelopathic risks.

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Assessment of seed to seed allelopathic potential of Corn (Zea mays L.) on seed and seedling growth of some volunteer species

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