Assessment of the arsenic content in groundwater specimens

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Research Paper 01/09/2020
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Assessment of the arsenic content in groundwater specimens

Nazeer Ahmed Lanjwani, Gul Afshan Soomro, Ghulam Abbas Shar, Muhammad Bachal Korai
J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 3), 18-25, September 2020.
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Water is essential for every living thing known, although it does not supply any organic nutrients or calories. About one third of the global population consumes groundwater. It is a very good solvent for many different substances, including organics and minerals; therefore, it is extensively utilized in industrial processing. Contamination by arsenic (As) in drinking water has become a major health issue globally. Approximately 60 million persons in Asia are endangered by arsenic-contaminated water resources and over 7,00,000 arsenic-related diseases have been reported. Therefore the analysis and monitoring of arsenic is very necessary. In our present research work we have utilized As kit method for the analysis of arsenic from samples of groundwater. Total (100) groundwater samples were randomly obtained from an area of sampling in the different villages and towns of Nawab Shah taluka, Shaheed Benazir Abad district, Sindh, Pakistan. The physico-chemical parameters like electrical conductivity, pH and total dissolved salts were measured and compared with the WHO limits. The pH values of 03 specimens were (8.6-8.9) above and 07 specimens were (6-6.4 pH) below the permitted limit value. The electrical conductivity (EC) was found in the range 241-7126µS/cm and the EC of 75 specimens were found higher than the permitted limit. The total dissolved salts (TDS) were found in the range 155-6319mg/L and the TDS in 66 specimens were found higher than the permitted limit. The arsenic was found present in 70/100 samples but 40/70 (57.1%) arsenic containing water sampling was found above the WHO permitted limit.


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