Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2016

VIEWS 1
| Download 4

Assessment of Variation in Agro-morphological Traits in M3 and M4 Maize Lines

Kariuki JK, Githiri SM , Wesonga JM, TS. Tesfamichael

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.9(2), 147-161, August 2016

Certification:

IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A total of thirty nine M3 and thirty seven M4 maize lines derived from mutation breeding were evaluated for variation in agro-morphological traits at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Farm, Juja from October 2014 to September 2015 to identify desirable mutants for use in plant breeding programmes. The experimental design was randomized complete block design in triplicates. During growth data on days to anthesis and silking, flag leaf width and length, number of leaves above upper ear, harvestable ears plant-1, diameter of the ear, days to maturity and grain yield plant-1 were recorded. Data were analyzed using Genstat 14th edition and the means separated using LSD at 5% level of significance. Results showed significant variations for grain yield plant-1, herbicide tolerance days, days to anthesis and silking, pollen shedding and flag leaf width among the assessed maize lines. The recorded variations among maize lines suggested that there existed appreciable variation that could be utilized in breeding. Grain yield plant-1 was significant and negatively correlated with tolerance days. Grain yield plant-1 and herbicide tolerance cannot be improved simultaneously and the breeder should decide which trait to improve. Overall, the results indicated that induced mutation could serve as a source of variations for use in the improvement of maize.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Assessment of Variation in Agro-morphological Traits in M3 and M4 Maize Lines

Adebayo MA, Menkir A. 2015.  Assessment of hybrids of drought tolerant maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines for grain yield and other traits under stress managed conditions. Nigerian Journal of Genetics 20, 1-5. Doi:10.1016/j.nigjg.2015.06.004.

Ahmad B, Khalil IH, Iqbal M, Rahman H. 2010. Genotypic and phenotypic correlation among yield components in bread wheat under normal and late plantings. Sarhad J. Agri 26(2), 259–265. Retrieved from http://www.aup.edu.pk/sj_pdf/GENOTYPIC AND PHENOTYPIC CORRELATION AMONG.pdf.

Akeel A, Azzam HK, Ahmad SAA. 2010. Genetic variances, heritability, correlation and path coeffi-cient analysis in yellow maize crosses (Zea mays L.). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 1(4), 630-634.

Ali A, Rahman H, Shah U, Rahman L, Misbah Ullah AU, 2015. Combining ability and heterotic effects for flowering and morphological traits in a local maize variety Sarhad white of Pakistan. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 3(9), 169-175. Doi:10. 15413/ajar.2015.0142.

Anjorin FB, Ogunniyan DJ. 2014. Comparison of growth and yield components of five quality rotein maize varieties. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 4(1), 1-5. Doi:10.5923/j.ijaf.20140401.01.

Vanlauwe B, Kanampiu F, Odhiambo G, Groote H, De L, Wadham J, Khan ZR. 2008. Integrated management of Striga hermonthica, stemborers, and declining soil fertility in western Kenya. Field Crop Res., 107(2), 102-115. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2008.01.002.

Baqa S, Haseeb A, Ahmed M, Ahmed A. 2014. Evaluation of growth of different maize marieties in field under the climatic conditions of Peshawar. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 4(7), 22-27.

Bashir M, Rafique M, Tariq M, Hussein A, Sarwar MA. 2003. Character association and pathh coefficient analysis of grain yield and yield components maize (Zea mays). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6(3), 136-138.

Batjes HN. 2006. World Bank Climate Change Portal 2.0.

Bayahi K, Rezgui S. 2015. Agro-morphological characterization and genetic study of new improved lines and cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 03(03), 59-65.  www.escijournals.net/JPBG.

Berca M. 2004. Perspective regarding weeds control. www. glufosinate- ammonium. com/en/Benefits/Benefits-for-the -crop.aspx.

Bezaweletaw K, Sripichitt P, Wongyai W, Hongtrakul V. 2006. Genetic variation, heritability and path-analysis in Ethiopian finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn] landraces. Kasetsart Journal Natural Science 40(2), 322–334.

Borras L, Westgate ME, Astini JP, Echarte L. 2007. Coupling time to silking with plant growth rate in maize. Field Crops Research 102(1), 73-85. Doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2007.02.003.

Charles MK, Fredrick NM, George OA, Odongo OM. 2013. Genetic variability analysis for growth and yield parameters in double cross maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes in Kitale County of Kenya. Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 01, 7-11.

Dere Ş. Yildirim MB. 2006. Inheritance of grain yield per plant, flag leaf width, and length in an 8 × 8 diallel gross population of bread wheat (T. aestivum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 30(5), 339-345.

Satyanarayana ER Saikumar RK. 1990. Character association or grain yield with some yield components in maize (Zea mays L.). Madras Agriculture Journal 77, 514-516.

El-Badawy MEM, Mehasen SAS. 2011. Multivariate analysis for yield and its components in maize under zinc and nitrogen fertilization levels. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5(12), 3008-3015.

Forlani G, Racchi ML. 1995. Glyphosate tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.). 1 . Differential response among inbred lines. Euphytica 82, 157-164. 

Friesen Dk, Palmer AFE. 2002. Integrated approaches to higher maize productivity in the new millennium. In Proceedings of the Seventh Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conference (pp. 1–550). Nairobi, Kenya: CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) and KARI (Kenya Agricultural Research Institute).

Ghimire B, Timsina D. 2015a. Analysis of yield and yield attributing traits of maize genotypes in Chitwan, Nepal. Scrutiny International Research Journal of Agriculture, Plant Biotechnology and Bio Products (SIRJ-APBBP) 2(4), 153-162. Doi:10.12691/ wjar-3-5-2.

Ghimire B, Timsina D. 2015b. Analysis of yield and yield attributing traits of maize genotypes in Chitwan, Nepal. World Journal of Agricultural Research 3(5), 153-162. Doi: 10.12691/wjar-3-5-2.

Gianessi L. 2014. Importance of pesticides for growing maize in Sub- Saharan Africa: International Pesticide Benefits 103, Research Institute. CropLife Foundation.

Grzesiak S. 2001. Genotypic variation between maize (Zea mays L.) single cross hybrids in response to drought stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 23(4), 443-456. Doi: 10.1007/s11738-001-0055-4.

Chinnadurai IS, Nagarajan P. 2001. Interrelationship and path-coefficient studies for qualitative traits, grain yield and other yield attributes among maize. (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 5(2), 1-4.

Kaluli W, Mwangi H, Sira F.  2011. Sustainable solid waste management strategies in Juja, Kenya. Journal of Agri. Sciences and Technology  13(1), 79-90.

Kazi NA. 2015. Multidisciplinary studies. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 3(3), 228-230. www.ajms.co.in.

Kinfe H, Tsehaye Y. 2015. Studies of heritability, genetic parameters , correlation and Path coefficient in elite maize hybrids. Academic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Research 3(10), 296-303. Doi:10.14662/ARJASR2015.062.

Kumar TS, Reddy DM, Reddy KH, Sudhakar P. 2011. Targeting of traits through assessment of interrelationship and path analysis between yield and yield components for grain yield improvement in single cross hybrids of maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology 2(3), 123-129. www.ijabpt.com.

Macauley H. 2015. Cereal Crops: Rice, Maize, Millet, Sorghum, Wheat. Dehar, Senegal.

Macharia CN, Njeru CM, Ombakho GA, Shiluli MS. 2010. Comparative performance of advanced generations of maize hybrids with a local maize variety: agronomic and financial implications for smallholder farmers. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences (JAPS) 7(2), 801-809. www.m.elewa.org/JAPS/2010/7.2/3.pdf.

Makone SM, Menge D, Basweti E. 2014. Impact of Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease on maize yield: A case of Kisii, Kenya. International Journal of Agricultural Extension 2(3), 211-218. www.escijournals.net/index.php/IJAE/article/view/891.

Malik T, Khan MA, ullah  Abbas SJ, Abbas Z, Malik M, Malik K. 2011. Genotypic and phenotypic relationship among maturity and yield traits in maize hybrids ( Zea mays L .). International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science 1(18), 339-343.  www.interesjournals.org/IRJAS.

Mourice SK, Rweyemamu CL, Tumbo SD,  Amuri N. 2014. Maize cultivar specific parameters for decision support system for agrotechnology transfer (DSSAT) application in Tanzania. American Journal of Plant Sciences 05(06), 821-833. Doi:10.4236/ajps.2014.56096.

Mubeen S, Rafique M, Munis MFH, Chaudhary HJ. 2015. Study of southern corn leaf blight (SCLB) on maize genotypes and its effect on yield. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.

Manivannan N. 1998. Character association and component analysis in maize. Madras Agriculture Journal 85, 293-294.

Ndou V,  Shimelis H, Odindo A, Modi A. 2015. Agro-morphological variation among two selected wheat varieties after ethylmethanesulphonate mutagenesis. Research on Crops 16(1), 27. Doi:10.5958/2348-7542.2015.00004.2.

Ndungu D. 2009. Mutagenesis and development of herbicide resistance in sorghum for protection against striga. ResearchSpace. University of KwaZulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg. www. hdl.handle.net/10413/557.

Newhouse KE, Smith WA, Starrett MA, Schaefer TJ, Singh BK. 1992. Tolerance to imidazolinone herbicides in wheat. Plant Physiology 100(2), 882-886. Doi:10.1104/pp.100.2.882.

Nyoro J, Ayieko M, Muyanga M. 2007.  The Compatibility of trade policy with domestic policy interventions affecting the grains sector in Kenya. Nakuru.

Oerke EC. 2006. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science 144, 31-43. Doi:10.1017 /S0021859605005708.

Oladosu Y, Rafii MY,  Abdullah  N,  Abdul Malek M, Rahim HA, Hussin G, Kareem I. 2014. Genetic variability and selection criteria in rice mutant lines as revealed by quantitative traits. Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1-12. Doi:10.1155/2014/190531.

Paudel M. 2009. Evaluation of hybrid and OPV maize varieties for grain yield and agronomic attributes under farmer’s field conditions at Dukuchhap. Nepal Agriculture Resource Journal 9, 17-20.

Prakash OMPS, E Satyanarayana RSK. 2006. Studies on inter relationship and path analysis for yield improvement in sweet corn genotypes (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Plant Science Research 33, 1-4.

Rafique M, Hussain A, Mahmood T, Wawood  A A,  Alvi MB. 2004. Heritability and Interrela-tionships Among Grain Yield and Yield Components in Maize (Zea mays L ). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 5(1), 1113-1114. www.ijab.org.

Rahman S, Mia MM, Quddus T, Hassan L, Haque MA. 2015. Assessing genetic diversity of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes for agronomic traits. Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 2(1), 53-61.

Rizwan M, Akhtar S, Aslam M, Asghar MJ. 2015. Development of herbicide resistant crops through induced mutations. Adv. Life Sci 3(1), 01-08.

Shamim Z, Baklhsh A, Abid H. 2010. Genetic variability among maize genotypes under agro climatic conditions of Kotli (Azad Kashmir). World Applied Sciences Journal 18(11), 1356-1365.

Shrestha J. 2014. Morphological variation in maize inbred lines. International Journal of Environment (IJE) 3(2), 98-107. Doi:10.1016/0390-5519(77)90077-1.

Singh NI, Chauhan JS. 2010. Evaluation of quantitative physiological traits of some hybrid maize. World  Journal of Agricultural Sciences   6(3), 297-300.

Smith JSC, Smith OS. 1989. The description and assessment of distance between inbred lines of maize. The use of morphological traits as descriptors. Maydica 34, 141-150.

Stefanovic L, Simic M, Dragicevic V. 2010. Studies on maize inbred lines susceptibility to herbicides. Genetika 42(1), 155-168. Doi:10.2298/GENSR1001155S.

Umar UU,  Ado  SG,  Aba DA, Bugaje SM. 2015. Studies on genetic variability in maize ( Zea mays L .) under stress and non-stress environmental conditions. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR) 7(1), 70-77. www.innspub.net.

USDA. 2010. World of corn. Washington, DC: United States.

Sreckov Z, Bocanski J, Nastasic A, Alovic I, Vukosavljev M. 2010. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of morphological traits of maize (Zea mays L.). Research Journal of Agricultural Science 42(2), 292-296.

Zarei B, Kahrizi D, Aboughadareh AP, Sadeghi F. 2012. Correlation and path coefficient analysis for determining interrelationships among grain yield and related characters in corn hybrids (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4(20), 1519-1522. www.ijagcs. com/wp-ontent/uploads/2012/11/1519-1522.pdf.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background