Assessment of water quality index of temple tanks in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2018
Views (245) Download (29)

Assessment of water quality index of temple tanks in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India

Y. Narasimhulu, S. Jameer Ahammad, S. Sumithra
Int. J. Biosci.12( 6), 430-436, June 2018.
Certificate: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The water quality of selected temple ponds in Kadapa was assessed in terms of their physical chemical characteristics. Temple water was showing alkaline character for all the studied samples. pH, TDS, sulphate and phosphate was found to be under the acceptable limit of WHO and ISI standards. Among the 10 samples few of them showed very low level of dissolved Oxygen. Potassium is found to be high in most of the pond water. The water quality index for the ten samples ranges from 41.03 to 163.50. An attempt has been made to study the extent of change in the quality of water near temples.


APHA. 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 21st edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC, USA 1200.

Bharati SG, Hosmani SP. 1973. Hydrobiological studies in ponds and lakes of Dharwar (Yemmekeri pond). part 1. IBD 18, 246-254.

Brown RM, Mcclelland NJ, Deininger RA, O’Connor MF. 1972. A water quality index– Crashing the psychological barrier. International Conference on Water Pollution Research, Jerusalem, Israel 6, 787–797.

Chatterjee C, Raziuddin M. 2001. Assessment of physicochemical and microbiological status of river Nunia in relation to its impact on public health. Journal of Environment and Pollution 3, 267-270.

Chatterji C, Raziuddin M. 2002. Determination of water quality index of a degraded river in Asanol Industrial area, Raniganj, Burdwan, West Bengal. Nature, Environment and Pollution Technology 1(2), 181–189.

Dasgupta M Adak, Purohit KM. 2001. Status of surface and ground water quality of Mandiakudar-part -1 physicochemical parameters, Poll. Res 20(1), 103-110.

Kumar A, Bisht BS, Joshi VD, Singh AK, Talwar A. 2010. Physical and chemical bacteriological study of water from rivers of Uttarakhand. J. Hum Ecol 32(3), 169-173.

Lashari KH, Koari AL, Sahato GA, Kazi TG. 2009. Limnological studies of Keenjhar Lake district, Thatta, Sindh Pakistan. Pakistan Journal Anal. Environ Chem 10 (1-2), 39 – 47.

Madhavi Ganesan. 2008. The temple tanks of Madras, India: rehabilitation of an ancient technique for multipurpose water storage. Indian J. of Science and Technology 1, 1 -8.

Mahadev J, Hosamani SP, Ahmed SA. 2010. Statistical multivariate analysis of lakes water quality parameters in Mysore, Karnataka, India, World Applied Sciences Journal 8(11), 1370-1380.

Mahananda MR, Mohanty BP, Beher NR. 2010. Physico-chemical analysisof surface and ground water of Bargarh district, Orissa, India, International J. of Recent Research and Applied Studies 2(3), 284-295.

Manivasakam M. 2011. Physico-chemical examination of water, sewage and industrial effluents. Pragati Prakashan, Meerut.

Maria Pushpam P, Umayoru Bhagan V, Kumaraswamy A. 2013. Comparative analysis of physciochemical parameters of two famous temple tanks in Kanyakumari District, South India. International J. of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology 2, 235 – 240.

Mishra S, Singh AL, Tiwary D. 2014. Studies of physico –chemical status of the ponds at Varanasi holy City under Anthropogenic Influences. International J. of Environmental Research and Development 4, 261 – 268.

Murhekar GH. 2011. Determination of Physico- Chemical Parameters of Surface Water Samples in and around Akot City, Int. J. Res. Chem. and Environ 1(2), 183-187.

Padmanabh Dwivedi, Santoshi Sonar. 2004. Evaluation of physicochemical and biological characteristics of water samples in water reservoirs around Rono hill, Doimukh, Arunachal Pradesh, Poll. Res 23(1), 101-104.

Panda GP, Bhol BN, Mishra CSK. 2004. Water quality status of 5 major temple ponds of Bhubaneswar city, Indian Journal of Environmental Protection 24 (3), 199-201.

Prakash KL, Raghavendra K, Somasekar RK. 2009. Temporal scale spectral variability analysis of water quality parameters to realize seasonal behaviour of a tropical river syatem – river Cauvery, India. J. Environ. Biol 30(2), 235- 240.

Prerna Mitra, Reddy PB. 2016. Application of water quality index (WQI) as a tool for assessment of pollution status of Shivna river at Mandsaur, M. P. India. Trends in Life Sciences 5, 5 -11.

Ravichandran C, Suthabala S, Jayalakshmi S. 2009. Environmental quality of selected Temple ponds in Tiruchirapalli,Indian Journal of Environ. Protection 29(5), 392-398.

Sankara Gomathy S, Pavaraj M, Karuppasamy K. 2013. Physcio – chemical characteristics of the water of selected theerthams of Ramanathaswamy temple in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. International J of Science, Environment and Technology 2, 168 – 175.

Sayed RA, Gupta SG. 2010. River water quality assessment in beed district of Maharashtra: Seasonal parametric variation. Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment 1(4), 326-330.

Sekabira K, Oryemoriga H, Basamba TA, Mutunba G, Kakudidi E. 2010. Heavy metal assessment and water quality values in urban stream and rain water, Int. Journal of Environmental Science and Tech 7(4), 759-770.

Stepane KM. 1959. Limnological study of the reservoir sedlice near Zelive, IX. Transmission and transparency of water. Sci. pap. Inst. Chem. Tedind; Pragne. Fac-Technol Fuel Water 3, 363-430.

Thilaga A, Subhasini S, Sobhana S, Loga, K. 2005. Studies on nutrient content of the Ooty lake with special reference to pollution. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 4(2), 299 -302.