Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2013

| Download 3

Assessment of water quality of drains from irrigation district in a semiarid agricultural zone

Dioselina Alvarez-Bernal, Salvador Ochoa-Estrada, Miriam Arroyo-Damian, Héctor Rene Buelna-Osben, Rodrigo Moncayo-Estrada, Miguel Mora

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.3(11), 7-15, November 2013


IJAAR 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Worldwide wastewater is used for agriculture, because of water scarcity. Also, there are increasingly fewer sources of good quality water because of widespread contamination (Ramirez-Fuentes et al., 2002; Rutkowski et al., 2007, Qadir et al., 2010).Agronomic water quality effects on soil, crops and management; major problem with the use of wastewater are salinity, soil permeability and toxicity (Ayers and Westcott, 1994).Wastewater with a high salt concentration leads to increased soil salinity and reducing the availability of water to the plant and induces a drought condition (osmotic effect), that varies with the plant growth stage (Kirda, 1997). The symptoms in plants exposed to high salt concentration are marginal burn, necrosis and sometimes defoliation. Seed germination is also affected by the presence of salts, mainly sodium, chloride and occasionally boron (George, 2004). On the other hand, some specific ions from wastewater may accumulate in plant and reduce yields. Irrigation district 024 (DDR024) is main source of water for agricultural irrigation in Cienega de Chapala. In this zone there is a high demand of water for irrigation; 46,743 ha planted with grains and vegetables, and 1,722 thousands of m3 from drains are used mainly in dry season (Conagua, 2005), the scarcity of water for this production leads to use drainage water (Sandoval and Ochoa, 2010), which is a risk of human and environmental health, furthermore, the soils irrigated with wastewater in this area have become salty (Silva-García et al. 2002) which can lead to low productivity.Water quality is a very important concern both for crop irrigation and for soil. The aim of this study was to characterize the physical and chemical composition of drainage water used for agricultural irrigation and assess the suitability and to review the possible salinization and alkalinization involved when using such water for agriculture.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Assessment of water quality of drains from irrigation district in a semiarid agricultural zone

APHA. 1998. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th ed. American Public Association, Washington DC.

Ayers RS, Westcot DW. 1994. Water quality for agriculture. Water quality for agriculture. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29, FAO, Rome, Italy.

Bouri S, Abida H, Khanfir H. 2008. Impacts of wastewater irrigation in arid and semi-arid regions: case of Sidi Abid región, Tunisia. Environmental Geology, 53, 1421-1432.

Chen X, Wo F, Chen C, Fang K. 2009. Seasonal changes in the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in farmland drainage and groundwater of the Taihu Lake region of China. Environmental and Monitoring Assessment, 169, 159-168.

Conagua (Comisión Nacional del Agua) 2005. Plan director para la modernización integral del riego en el Distrito de Riego 024 Ciénega de Chapala, Conagua, México.

Cortés-Jiménez JM, Troyo-Dieguez E, Murillo-Amador B, García-Hernández JL, Garatuza-Doneen LD. 1964. Notes on water quality in agriculture. Water science and engineering paper 4001. Department of water Sciences and Engineering, University of California, California.

Eaton FM. 1950. Significance of carbonates in irrigation waters. Soil Science 339, 123-133.

García E. 1988. Modificaciones al sistema de clasificación climática de Köppen. Universidad Autónoma de México, México, D.F., México

García-Garizábal I, Causapé J. 2010. Influence of irrigation water management on the quantity and quality of irrigation return flows. Journal of Hydrology 385, 36-43

George PR. 2004. Agricultural Water Quality Criteria Irrigation Aspects. Resource Management Technical Report No 30. Department of Agriculture Western Australia.

INEGI. 2010. Censo de Población y Vivienda. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografía e Informática, México. Retrieved January 11, 2012.

Kirda C. 1997. Assessment of irrigation water quality. Options Méditerranéennes 31, 367-377.

McCune B, Mefford MJ. 2011. PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data, Version 6.0. MjM Software Design. Glenedon Beach, Oregon.

Oster J.D. 1994. Irrigation with poor quality water. Agricultural Water Management 25, 271-297.

Oster JD, Grattan SR. 2002. Drainage water reuse. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 16, 297-310.

Pimentel-Equihua JL. 2008. Impacto socioeconómico de las aguas superficiales y subterráneas en la cuenca del río Duero y su importancia en la producción de fresa. SAGARPA, Zamora Michoacán.

Qadir M, Wichels D, Raschid-Sally L, McCornick PG, Drechsel P, Bahri A, Minhas PS. 2010. The challenges of wastewater irrigation in developing countries. Agricultural Water Management 97, 561-568.

Raju NJ, Shukla UK, Ram P. 2011. Hydrogeochemistry for the assessment of groundwater quality in Varanasi: a fast-urbanizing center in Uttar Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 73, 279-300.

Ramirez-Fuentes E, Lucho-Constantino C, Escamilla-Silva E, Dendooven L. 2002. Characteristics, and carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soil irrigated with wastewater for different lengths of time. Bioresource Technology 85, 179-187.

Rutkowski  T,  Raschid-Sally  L,  Buechler  S. 2007. Wastewater irrigation in the developing world-Two case studies from the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. Agricultural Water Management 88, 83-91.

Sandoval-Moreno A, Ochoa-Ocaña MA. 2010. Grupos locales, acceso al agua y su problemática de contaminación en la Ciénega de Chapala, Michoacán. Economía, Sociedad y Territorio, 10, 683-719.

Silva-García JT, Rodríguez C, Ochoa-Estrada S, López S. 2002. Lake Chapala and the cienega aquifer: chemical evidence of their hydraulic communication. Geofísica Internacional 41, 63-73.

Silva-García JT, Ochoa-Estrada S, Estrada-Godoy F. 2006. Calidad química del agua subterránea de la Ciénega de Chapala como factor de degradación del suelo. Terra, 24, 503-513.

Singh PK, Deshbhratar PB, Ramteke DS. 2012. Effects of sewage wastewater irrigation on soil properties, crop yield and environment. Agricultural Water Management 103, 100-104.

Szaboles I., Darab C., 1964. The influence of irrigation water of high sodium carbonate content of soils. In proceedings of 8th international congress of ISSS, Trans, II. 803-812.

Vyshpolsky F, Mukhamedjanov K, Bekbaev U., Ibatullin S, Yudashev T, Noble AD, Mirzabaev A, Aw-Hassan A, Qadir M. 2010. Optimizing the rate and timing of phosphogypsum application to magnesium-affected soils for crop yield and water productivity enhancement. Agricultural Water Management 97, 1277-1286.

Wilcox LV. 1948. Classification and use of irrigation waters. Washington: US Department of Agriculture, Cir 962.

Willardson LS, Boels D, Smedema LK. 1997. Reuse of drainage water from irrigated areas. Irrigation and Drainage Systems 11, 215-239.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background