Int. J. Biosci.16(4), 222-230, April 2020
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder of lower esophageal sphincter which is increasing rapidly around the world. It is the backflow of gastric contents towards the oral cavity. Its growing prevalence can create many health complications like esophagitis, esophageal stricture, narrowing of the esophagus, inability to swallow, esophageal carcinoma and any more. If this is not treated at the right time it may lead to mortality and morbidity. GERD is usually accompanied by heartburn sensation or feeling of regurgitation or even both. This can create discomfort with poor quality of life, sleep and work. The onset of GERD has no gender or age specification it can be at any age, but at an early age of childhood, it can be a threat to prevalence in adulthood. Many factors can cause GERD, like smoking especially right after the meals, high intake of fatty foods, increased levels of spices, and consuming larger intake of micronutrient intake. Some sedentary lifestyle practices like laying down right after the meal can also contribute to the factors that can cause GERD
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