Association of maternal weight gain with offspring birth size

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/09/2020
Views (315) Download (21)

Association of maternal weight gain with offspring birth size

Mst. Masuda Khatun, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Md. Jahanur Rahman, Ariful Haque
Int. J. Biosci.17( 3), 141-147, September 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Gestational weight gain (GWG) is influenced by numerous causes in prenatal health which are of great public health concerns. GWG during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters is an essential determinant of fetal development. However, this study was aimed to scrutinize the association between GWG and birth size of baby. In this regard, birth weight of the offspring was considered as the determinant of birth size. This was a cross sectional observational study, was carried out among 100 pregnant women admitted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rangpur Medical College and Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh and during the period of June 2017 to June 2018. All of the data were collected using a pre-designed data collection sheet. According to the result of age distribution, maximum (36%) were of age group 21-25 years followed by 28% were of 20 years, 24% were of 26-30 years, 8% were of 31-35 years and only 4% were of 36-40 years. The average age was 25.5 years. Among the pregnant women, in case of maternal BMI, it was observed that only 12% were underweight who have <18.5 kg/m2 BMI, 30% were normal weight (18.5-23 kg/m2 BMI), and 58% were overweight/obese (≥23 kg/m2 BMI). The mean GWG was 10.02 ± 2.87 kg, and the mean birth weight was 2.87 ± 0.37 kg. However, increased GWG there was a corresponding significant (P < 0.05) increase in the mean birth weight. Finally, this study concluded that maternal GWG significantly increased birth size of the offspring.


Barros H, Tavares M, Rodrigues T. 1996. Role of prenatal care in preterm birth and low birth weight in Portugal. Journal of Public Health Medicine 18(3), 321-328.

Blomberg M. 2011. Maternal and neonatal outcomes among obese women with weight gain below the new Institute of Medicine recommendations. Obstetrics and Gynecology 117(5), 1065–1070.

Costa BMF, Paulinelli RR, Barbosa MA. 2012. Association between maternal and fetal weight gain: cohort study. Sao Paulo Medical Journal 130(4), 242-247.

Karim MR, Flora MS, Akhter S. 2011. Targeted food supplementation through National Nutrition Program and pregnancy weight gain status in selected upazilas. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin 37(2), 71-75.

Lederman SA, Paxton A, Heymsfield SB, Wang J, Thornton J, Pierson Jr RN. 1999. Maternal body fat and water during pregnancy: do they raise infant birth weight?. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 180(1), 235-240.

Ludwig DS, Currie J. 2010. The association between pregnancy weight gain and birthweight: a within-family comparison. The Lancet 376(9745), 984-990.

Misra VK, Hobel CJ, Sing CF. 2010. The effects of maternal weight gain patterns on term birth weight in African-American women. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 23(8), 842-849.

Möller B, Gebre‐Medhin Me, Lindmark G. 1989. Maternal weight, weight gain and birthweight at term in the rural Tanzanian village of IIula. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 96(2), 158-166.

Nahar S, Mascie-Taylor CG, Begum HA. 2007. Maternal anthropometry as a predictor of birth weight. Public Health Nutrition 10(9), 965-970.

Padilha PD, Accioly E, Chagas C, Portela E, Da Silva CL, Saunders C. 2009. Birth weight variation according to maternal characteristics and gestational weight gain in Brazilian women. Nutricion Hospitalaria 24(2), 207-212.

Potti S, Sliwinski CS, Jain NJ. 2010. Obstetric outcomes in normal weight and obese women in relation to gestational weight gain: comparison between Institute of Medicine guidelines and Cedergren criteria. American Journal of Perinatology 27, 415-420.

Prasad KN, Rao P. 1994. Study of low birth weight infants in coastal areas of Udupi Taluk, Karnataka, South India. Bahrain Medical Bulletin 16(3), 90-94.

Rao PRS, Prakash KP, Nair S. 2001. Influence of Pre-Pregnancy Weight, Maternal Height and Weight Gain During Pregnancy on Birth Weight. Bahrain Medical Bulletin 23(1), 75-85.

Rijvi S, Abbasi S, Karmakar A, Siddiqua SF, Dewan F. 2018. A Study on Maternal Weight Gain and its Correlation with Birth Weight of Baby at Term. Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal 9(1), 22-28.

Rode L, Hegaard HK, Kjærgaard H, Møller LF, Tabor A, Ottesen B. 2007. Association between maternal weight gain and birth weight. Obstetrics & Gynecology 109(6), 1309-1315. 10.1097/

Stevens-Simon C, McAnarney ER. 1992. Adolescent pregnancy, gestational weight gain and maternal and infant outcomes. American Journal of Diseases of Children 146(11), 1359–1364. 10.1001/archpedi.1992.02160230117031

Stotland NE, Cheng YW, Hopkins LM, Caughey AB. 2006. Gestational weight gain and adverse neonatal outcome among term infants. Obstetrics & Gynecology 108(3), 635-643. 10.1097/

Viswanathan M, Siega-Riz AM, Moos MK, Deierlein A, Mumford S, Knaack J, Thieda P, Lux LJ, Lohr KN. 2008. Outcomes of maternal weight gain. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment 168(1), 223.

Yazdani S, Yosofniyapasha Y, Nasab BH, Mojaveri MH, Bouzari Z. 2012. Effect of maternal body mass index on pregnancy outcome and newborn  weight. BMC Research Notes 5(1), 34.