Int. J. Biosci.17(3), 141-147, September 2020
Gestational weight gain (GWG) is influenced by numerous causes in prenatal health which are of great public health concerns. GWG during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters is an essential determinant of fetal development. However, this study was aimed to scrutinize the association between GWG and birth size of baby. In this regard, birth weight of the offspring was considered as the determinant of birth size. This was a cross sectional observational study, was carried out among 100 pregnant women admitted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rangpur Medical College and Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh and during the period of June 2017 to June 2018. All of the data were collected using a pre-designed data collection sheet. According to the result of age distribution, maximum (36%) were of age group 21-25 years followed by 28% were of 20 years, 24% were of 26-30 years, 8% were of 31-35 years and only 4% were of 36-40 years. The average age was 25.5 years. Among the pregnant women, in case of maternal BMI, it was observed that only 12% were underweight who have <18.5 kg/m2 BMI, 30% were normal weight (18.5-23 kg/m2 BMI), and 58% were overweight/obese (≥23 kg/m2 BMI). The mean GWG was 10.02 ± 2.87 kg, and the mean birth weight was 2.87 ± 0.37 kg. However, increased GWG there was a corresponding significant (P < 0.05) increase in the mean birth weight. Finally, this study concluded that maternal GWG significantly increased birth size of the offspring.
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