Autecology of Nepeta asterotricha medicinal plant in center of Iran (Case study: Yazd Province)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2015
Views (176) Download (3)

Autecology of Nepeta asterotricha medicinal plant in center of Iran (Case study: Yazd Province)

Gholam Reza Bishe, Mohammad Hossein Hakimi Meibodi, SedighehZarekia
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 2), 357-366, February 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


The aim of this study was to determine autecological background of Nepeta asterotricha that is a rare endemic medicinal plant distributed in Iran. Site characteristics such as topography, climate, soil, and accompanied plant species were determined. Sampling was done in two different areas and the species phenology, root system, and their presence conditions were examined in the rangeland ecosystem. The results indicated that this species grows in all slopes up to 50% with altitudes of 2500 to 2800 m. The average of annual rainfall changes from 230 to 325 mm and the mean annual temperature is12°C. It was observed that this plant generally prefers Sandy loam and Loamy sand texture, neutral pH and non-saline soils. The content of organic matter is poor in its habitats. Comparing soils in the regions with Nepeta asterotricha presence and without it showed that its presence didn’t have any significant effects on soil chemical elements. Individual plants height varies from 43 to 63 cm with canopy diameter of 48 to 75 cm. The amount of essential oil changes from1.21 to 1.52. There is no relationship between the essential oil percentage and slope and altitude. Nepeta asterotricha growth begins in late March and continues until late May. Flowering begins in early June but it will be completed gradually during July. Seed production occurs in late June and mid-July is the seed maturity time. The main roots penetrated more than 1.2 m into the soil.


Abdel-Ghani M, Abo el-Kheir M, Abdel-Dayem M, Abdel-Hamid M. 2011. Vegetation analysis and soil characteristics of five common desert climbing plants in Egypt. Turkish Journal of Botany 35, 561-580.

AFNOR, 1987. Recueil de normes francaises, qualite des sols, methodesd’analyses. 1. edit. Association francaise de normalisation (Afnor), p. 19–30.

Ajir F, Shahmoradi A. 2007. Autecology of rangeland species Ferula ovina in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research 14, 367-359.

Asgarpanah J, Sarabian S, Ziarati P. 2013. Essential oil of Nepeta genus (Lamiaceae) from Iran: a review. The Journal of Essential Oil Research,

Bakhshi Khaniki GhR, Sefidkon F, Dehghan Z. 2010. Effects of site conditions on quantity and quality of oil essential of Ziziphora clinopodioidesLam. Journal of Herbal Drugs 1,11-20.

Batooli H and Safaei-Ghomi G. 2012. Comparison of essential oil composition of three Nepeta L. species from kashan. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 28, 161-175.

Bremner JM and Mulvaney CS. 1982. Nitrogen-total. In A.L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of soil analyses, Part 2. Chemical and mineralogical properties (pp. 595-624). Madison: American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America Inc.

Dinesh S Bisht, Rajendra C Padalia, Lalit Singh, VeenaPande, PriyankaLal, Chandra S Mathela. 2010. Constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of six Himalayan Nepeta species. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 75, 739-747.

Dogan Y, Mert H.1998. An Autecological Study on the Vitexagnus-castus L. (Verbenaceae) Distributed in West Anatolia, Turkey Journal of Botany 22, 327-334.

Fakhireh A, Shahriari AR, Mansouri Sh, Nouri S, Pahlavanroy A. 2010.Autecology of Desmostachyabipinnata in Sistan plain. Journal of Rangeland 4, 60-71.

Fattahi B, Maleki M, Yari A, Salehi M, Babaei S, HasanKaviar F. 2013. Autecological study of Acantholimon olivieri Boiss. in mountainous rangelands of Hamedan province, Iran. Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation 1(1):1-18.

Formisano D, Rigano, Senatore F. 2011. Chemical constituents and biological activities of Nepeta species. Chemistry & Biodiversity 8, 1783–1818.

Jamzad Z, Chase MW, Ingrouille M, Simmond MSJ, Jalili A. 2003. Phylogenetic Relationship in Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) and related Genera Based on ITS Sequence Data. Taxon. 52(1), 21-32.

Kaya Y, Aksakal O. 2007. The Morphological and Autecological Properties of Salvia rosifolia Sm. (Lamiaceae) Grown in Erzurum and its Environs in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10, 2178-2184.

Kalvandi R. HesamzadehHejazi M, Mirza M ,Atri M , Jamzad Z, Safikhani K, Ahmadian M. 2013.Study on some ecological factors, morphological traits, essential oil productivity and ploidy levels of Thymus eriocalyx (Ronniger) Jalas in Iran.Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 29, 845-878.

Mazandarani M, Lotfi Z. 2013. Autecological and Farmacologyof MenthaMenthalongifolia in Golestan province (northern Iran).The first regional conference medicinal plants of country north.

Mirinejad Sh, Hassanpour B, Khalili Gh,Keshavarz K. 2014. Phenological studies and habitat characteristic of endemic species Nepeta oxyodonta in central Zagros Mountains, Iran. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 5, 558-563.

Micelia N, Taviano MF, Giuffrida D, Trovato A, Tzakou O, Galati EM. 2005. Anti-inflammatory activity of extract and fractions from Nepeta sibthorpii Bentham. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 97, 261-266.

Nadjafi F, Koocheki A, Honermeier B, Asili J. 2009. Autecology, Ethnomedicinal and Phytochemical Studies of Nepeta binaludensis Jamzad a Highly Endangered Medicinal Plant of Iran. Journal of essential oil-bearing plants 12, 97 – 110.

Nautiyal BP, Nautiyal MC, Khanduri VP, Rawat N. 2009. Floral biology of Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. A critically endangered alpine medicinal plant of Himalaya, India. Turkish Journal of Botany 33, 13-20.

Odum EP. 1971. Fundamentals of ecology. 3rd. ed. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia. Penn.

Pardure I. 2004. Chorological and Ecological Aspects of Nepeta Nuda L. Ssp. Nuda (Syn. N. Pannonica   L.)   From   Lamiaceaenepetoideae   in RomaniaScientific   Annals   of   AlexandruIoanCuzaUniversity  of  Iasi.  New  Series,  Section  2.  Vegetal Biology 50,64-50.

Pouzesh H, Tatian MT, Tamartash R.  2014. Autecological  survey  of  SmyrniumcordifoliumBoiss. in Rangelands of Iran. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 4, 355-360.

Walkley A, Black CA. 1934. An examination of wet digestion method for determining soil organic matter and  proposed  modification  of  the  chromic  acid titration method. Soil Science 37, 29-38.

Zarezadeh A, Mirvakili SM, Arabzadeh MR. 2007.  Survey On Phenology And Aeclimitization Of Medicinal Plants Species In Yazd Province Collection. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 23, 204-217.