Bacterial isolates and antibiotic susceptibility of ear infections in Iraqi patients
Abera B, Biadeglegne F. 2009.Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus spp. isolated from otitis media at Bahir Dar Regional Laboratory, North West Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Medical Journal, 47(4), 271-276.
Afolabi OA, Salaudeen AG, Ologe FE, Nwabuisi C, Nwawolo CC. 2012.Pattern of bacterial isolates in the middle ear discharge of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media in a tertiary hospital in North central Nigeria, African Health Sciences 12(3).
Ahmad S. 2013. Antibiotics in chronic suppurative otitis media: A bacteriologic study, Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences 14, 191–194.
Arshad M, Khan NU, Ali N, Afridi NM. 2004. Sensitivity and spectrum of bacterial isolates in infectious otitis externa, Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan 14,146–149.
Bardanis J, Batzakakis D, Mamatas S. 2003. Types and causes of otorrhea, The international journal Auris Nasus Larynx, 30, 253–257.
Bello RH, Agbo EB, Olabode HOK. 2011.Antibiogram of Bacteria and Fungal isolates associated with otitis media amonst Children in Bauchi State, Nigeria, International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 2(3), 200-207.
Bluestone CD.1996.Pathogenesis and Epidemiology of chronic otitis media, WHO/CIBA foundation workshop, report on prevention of hearing impairment for chronic otitis media held at CIBA foundation, London, 14-17.
Brobby GW, Zadik P. 1987.Bacteriology of otitis media in Ghana, Tropical Doctor, 17, 91-92.
Brook I, Frazier E.1996.Microbial dynamics of persistent purulent otitis media in children, The Journal of Pediatrics, 128, 237-240.
Cheesbourgh M. 1991. Medical Laboratory Manual for Tropical countries, Vol. 3. 2nd ed. England: Butterwortrh-Heinemann Ltd; 114–116.
CLSI.2007.Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing, seventeenth informational supplement, document, M100-S17; No. 1.
Damoiseaux R. 2005. Antibiotic treatment for acute otitis media: Time to think again, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 172(5), 657-658.
Elmanama AA, Abu Tayyem NE, Nassr Allah SA. 2014.The bacterial etiology of otitis media and their antibiogram among children in Gaza Strip, Palestine. Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences, 15, 87–91.
Hafidh MA, Keogh I, Walsh RM, Walsh M, Rawluk D. 2006. Otogenic intracranial complications: a 7 years retrospective, American Journal of Otolaryngology, 27(6), 390-395.
Ibekwe AO, Al shareef Z, Benayam A.1997. Anaerobes and Fungi in chronic suppurative otitis media, Journal of Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 106(8), 649-652.
John AF. 1991.Chronic otitis media: diagnosis and treatment, Journal of Medical Clinics of North America, 75, 1277-1291.
Kalcioglu MT, Ozturan O, Durmaz R, Aktas E. 2006. In vitro efficacy of the successive or staggered use of eardrops, Journal of Confederation of European Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 263(5), 395-398.
Motayo BO, Ojiogwa IJ, Adeniji FO, Nwanze JC, Onoh CC, Okerentugba PO, Okonko IO. 2012. Bacteria isolates and antibiotic susceptibility of Ear infections in Abeokuta, Nigeria, Report and Opinion, 4(4), 23-26. (ISSN: 1553-9873). http://www.sciencepub.net/report.
Mukassabi K. 2007.Bacteriology of discharging ears.The Irish Journal of Medical Science ,100, 379–380.
Tobih JE, Taiwo SS, Olowe OA, Olausun OA, Adejumao SD. 2006.Clinical and microbiological profiles of ear infections in Osogbo, Nigeria. Tropical Doctors, 36, 165–166.
Oni AA, Bakare RA, Nwaorgu OGB, Ogunkunle MO, Toki RA.2001.Bacterial agents of discharging ears and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in children in Ibadan, Nigeria, West African Journal of Medicine, 20(2), 131 -135.
Oni AA, Nwaorgu OG, Bakare RA, Ogunkunle MO, Toki RA.2002. Discharging ear in adult in adult in Ibadan, Nigeria. Causative agent and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern, African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology, 3, 1-5.
Ologe FE, Nwawolo CC. 2002.Prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) among school children in a rural community in Nigeria, Nigeria.Postgraduate Medical Journal, 9, 63– 66.
Pajor A, Durko M, Jankowski A, Bartoszko-Tyczkowska A, Stanczyk R. 2006. Bacteriological evaluation in chronic os media, Otolaryngologia polska, 60(5), 757-763.
Pendido NO, Borni A, Iha LC, Suguri, VM, Onishi E. 2005.Itracranial complications of otitis media : 15 years experience in 33 patients. Journal. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 132(1), 37-42.
Sharma S, Rehan HS, Goyal A, Jha AK, Upadhyaya S, Mishra SC. 2004.Bacteriological profile in chronic suppurative otitis media in Eastern Nepal, Tropical Doctors, 34, 102–104.
Variya A, Tainwala S, Mathur S. 2002.Bacteriology of acute otitis media in children, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.20, 54-55.
Wariso BA, Ibe SN. 2006. Bacteriology of chronic discharging ears in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine, 25, 219–222.
Weiner R, Collison PJ. 2003. Middle Ear pathogens in otitis prone children, South Dakota Journal of Medicine, 56,103-107.
Woodfield G, Dugdale A. 2008.Evidence behind the WHO guidelines: hospital care for children: What is the most effective antibiotic regime for chronic suppurative otitis media in children?, Journal of Tropical Pediatric 54(3), 151-156.