Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Bat diversity and its distribution in Balinsasayao Twin Lakes, a wildlife sanctuary of Negros Oriental, Philippines

Research Paper | March 1, 2021

| Download 16

Reizl P. Jose, Wilbert A. Aureo, Charina I. Narido, Wilborn Joy A. Aurestila, Tomas D. Reyes

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.18( 3), 182-194, March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.3.182-192


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


This study surveyed the flying mammals of Balinsasayao Twin Lakes in Negros Oriental. Mist netting was used to sample bat species in the various sampling sites. A total number of 10 species of bats representing three families was recorded. The most commonly caught and abundant bat species in all sites was the common short-nosed fruit bat, Cynopterus brachyotis. The area is a secondary growth forest, hence, the abundance of this fruit bat. The watershed also supports endemic bat species at 40% as well as endangered species that include the Nyctimene rabori, Philippine tube-nosed fruit bats and Pteropus pumilus, little golden-mantled flying fox, a Near Threatened. Our results suggest that the forest supports a variety of bat species. However, efforts to protect and conserve the last remaining intact habitats should be done to protect these bat species.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Bat diversity and its distribution in Balinsasayao Twin Lakes, a wildlife sanctuary of Negros Oriental, Philippines

Alcala AC, Brown WC. 1969. Notes on the food habits of three Philippine wild mammals. Silliman J. 16, 91-94.

Bernard E, Brock Fenton M. 2003. Bat mobility and roosts in a fragmented landscape in central Amazonia, Brazil. BIOTROPICA 35(2), 262–277.

Bonaccorso FJ, Gush TJ. 1987. An experimental study of feeding behavior and foraging strategies of phyllostomid fruit bats. Journal of Animal Ecology 56, 907–920.

Brosset A, Charles-Dominique P, Cockie A, Cosson JC, Masson D. 1996. Bat communities and deforestation in French Guiana. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74, 1974–1982.

Fleming TH. 1982. Foraging strategies of plant-visiting bats. In: Kuntz, T.H. (Ed.), Ecology of bats. Plenum Press, New York, p 287–325.

Fleming TH. 1988. The short-tailed fruit bat. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Heaney LR. 1986. Biogeography of the mammals of Southeast Asia: estimates of rates of colonisation, extinction, and speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 28, 127–165.

Heaney LR, Heideman PD. 1987. Philippine fruit bats: Endangered and extinct. Bats 5, 3–5.

Heaney LR, Regalado JC Jr. 1998. Vanishing treasures of the Philippine rain forest. The Field Museum, Chicago

Heaney LR, Balete DS, Rickart EA, Utzurrum RCB, Gonzales PC. 1999. Mammalian diversity on Mount Isarog, a threatened center of endemism on southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Fieldiana:  Zoology, new series 95, 1-62

Heaney LR, Dolar ML, Balete DS, Esselstyn JA, Rickart EA, Sedlock JL, Alcala AC, Alviola PA, Duya MV, Ingle N, Tabao ML, Oliver W, Paguntalan LM, Tabaranza BR Jr, Utzurrum RCB, Josefa Velaez M. 2010. A Synopsis of the mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands. The Field Museum, S. Lake Shore, Dr. IL.

Heithaus RE. 1982. Coevolution between bats and plants. In: Kunz, T.H. (Ed.), Ecology of bats. Plenum Publishing Company, New York, p 327–367.

Heideman PD, Erickson KR. 1987. The climate and hydrology of the Lake Balinsasayao Watershed, Negros Oriental, Philippines. Silliman Journal 34, p 82-107.

Ingle NR, Heaney LR. 1992. A key to the bats of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana: Zoology 69, 1–44.

IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4.

Kunz TH, Pierson ED. 1994. Bats of the world: An introduction. The Johns Hopkins University.Press, USA Ballimore and London.\

Magurran A. 2004. Measuring biological diversity. Blackwell Science Ltd. p. 108.

McCracken GF. 2012. Bats track and exploit changes in insect pest populations. PLoS One 7(8), e43839.

Mendoza MM, Mallari NAD. 1997. Philippine Red Data Book. Wildlife Conservation Society of the Philippines. Bookmark Inc., Philippines.

Mickleburgh SP, Hutson AM, Racey PA. 1992. Old World Fruit Bats. An Action Plan for their Conservation. IUCN/SSC Chiroptera Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Mickleburgh SP, Hutson AM, Racey PA. 2002. A review of the global conservation status   of bats. Oryx 36(1), 18–34.

Oliver WLR, Heaney LR. 1996. Biodiversity and conservation in the Philippines. Int. Zoo News 43, 329–337.

O’Malley R, King T, Turner CS, Tyler S, Benares J, Cummings JM, Raines MP. 2006. The diversity and distribution of the fruit bat fauna (Mammalia, Chiroptera, Megachiroptera) of Danjugan Island, Cauayan, Negros Occidental, Philippines (with notes on the Microchiroptera). Biodiversity and Conservation 15, 43–56.

Phelps K, Jose R, Labonite M, Kingston T. 2018. Assemblage and species threshold responses to environmental and disturbance gradients shape bat diversity in disturbed cave landscapes. Diversity 10, 55.

Pierson ED, Rainey WE. 1992. The biology of flying foxes of the Genus Pteropus: A review, in Wilson, D.E. and Graham, G.L., eds., Pacific Island flying foxes, Proceedings of an international conservation conference: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report 90(23).

Schulze MD, Seavy NE, Whitacre DF. 2000. A comparison of phyllostomid bat assemblages in undisturbed Neotropical forest and in forest fragments of a slash-and burn farming mosaic in Pete´n, Guatemala. Biotropica 32, 174–184.

Sedlock JL. 2001. Inventory of insectivorous bats on Mount Makiling, Philippines using echolocation call signatures and a new tunnel trap. Acta Chiropterologica 3(2), 163–178.

Sedlock JL, Weyandt SE, Cororan L, Damerow M, Hwa S, Pauli B. 2008. Bat diversity in tropical forest and agro-pastoral habitats within a protected area in the Philippines. Acta Chiropterologica, 10(2), 349–358.

Turner IM, Corlett RT. 1996. The conservation value of small, isolated fragments of lowland tropical rain forest. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11(8), 330–333.

Whitmore TC. 1997. Tropical forest disturbance, disappearance, and species loss. In: Laurance, W.F., Bierregaard, R.O. (Eds.), Tropical Forest Remnants: Ecology, Management, and Conservation of Fragmented Communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, p 3–12.

Utzurrum RCB. 1992. Conservation status of Philippine fruit bat (Pteropodidae). Silliman Journal, 36, 27-45.