Bio-nutrient seed priming may improve growth and essential oil yield of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.)

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Research Paper 01/06/2013
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Bio-nutrient seed priming may improve growth and essential oil yield of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.)

Bahram Mirshekari, Arezoo Mirmozaffari Roudsari
Int. J. Biosci.3( 6), 32-37, June 2013.
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Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is one of the most important medicinal plants in Iran. In order to determine the effects of seed bio-nutrient priming on yield of cumin a field experiment was conducted in Tabriz, Iran, during 2010. The cumin seeds local variety, Mashhad, were soaked in the solutions of micro-elemental chemicals as iron, zinc, manganese, boron and molybdenum; and after that the dried seeds were bio-primed with Azospirillum strains (lipoferum, brasilense, irakense, strain of and strain 21). Results revealed that the highest umbel number per plant obtained from those seeds treated with micro-elements solution and inoculated with Azospirillum strain 21. The lowest 1000 seeds weight (2.3 g) was produced from those seeds with not only bio-fertilized but also nutrient primed treatment that had 65% reduction in 1000 seeds weight. In treatments with greater yield (A. strain of or A. strain 21 × nutrient primed seeds), the yield improved 425 and 455 kg ha-1, respectively, as compared to the control. Essential oil yield on cumin seeds was in range of 17.2 L ha-1 in treatment of seed coating with micro-nutrients × A. strain of and A. strain 21 up to 2.56 L ha-1 in control. The stepwise regression analysis verified that the umbel number per plant and TSW had a marked increasing effect on the seed yield of cumin. It was concluded from the study that cumin seed and its essential oil yield could be improve by simultaneously seed priming with Azospirillum strain of or strain 21 and nutrient priming with iron, zinc, manganese, boron and molybdenum in semi-arid and cold regions.


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