Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2015

| Download 2

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in tilapia fish organs

Hala Elshahat Ghannam, Engy Salah Eldeen El Haddad, Abdelrahman Said Talab

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(2), 88-99, August 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


The bioaccumulation of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd in the muscle, bones and gills of Nile tilapia, Mango tilapia and Tilapia zillii collected from four Rayahs (canals) namely from El Tawfiky, El Menoufy, El Behery, and El Nasery Rayahs, River Nile were investigated during spring 2014 till winter 2015. The results indicated that, heavy metals showed differential bioaccumulation in fish organs muscle, gills and bones, and the accumulation pattern as total heavy metal residues was seasonally as follows: spring> summer> winter> autumn. Moreover, the relative accumulation of total heavy metals in the studied fish showed the following pattern: Nile tilapia <Mango tilapia <Tilapia zillii. Also, higher concentrations of heavy metals were recorded in El-Rayah El-Tawfiky followed by El-Rayah El-Behery> El-Rayah El-Menoufy> El-Rayah El-Nasery. Fe was the most abundant element in all fish organs followed by Zn> Mn> Cu> Pb> Cd. Also, results revealed that, fish muscles have much lower concentrations of all metals than bones and gills and were not significantly different from specie to others. The concentrations of the heavy metal in muscles were within the international permissible level, so fish muscles are safe for human consumption.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in tilapia fish organs

Abdel Aziz GS. 2005. Study on the water quality of the River Nile with relation to the environmental condition at El-Kanater El-Khyria region. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science (Girls) Al-Azher University Cairo, Egypt.

Abou-Arab AAK, Ayesh AM, Amra HA, Naguib K. 1996. Characteristic levels of some pesticides and heavy metals in imported fish. Food Chemistry 57(1), 1-6.

Al-Mohanna MM. 1994. Residues of some heavy metals in fishes collected from (Red Sea Coast) Jisan, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Environmental Biology 15, 149-157.

Barak NAE, Mason CF. 1990. Mercury, cadmium and lead in eels and roash. The effects of size, season and locality on metal concentration in flesh and liver. Science of the Total Environment 92, 249-256.

Coetzee L, DuPreez HH, VanVuren JHJ. 2002. Metal concentrations in Clarias gariepinus and Labeo umbratus from the Olifants and Klein Olifants River, Mpumalanga, South Africa: Zinc, copper, manganese, lead, chromium, nickel, aluminium andiron. Water SA Journal 28(4), 433-448.

Dalman O, Demirak A, Balci A. 2006. Determination of heavy metals (Cd, Pb) and trace elements (Cu, Zn) in sediments and fish of the Southeastern Aegean Sea (Turkey) by atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chemistry 95, 157-162.

Dudka S, Adriano DC. 1997. Environmental impact of metal ore mining and processing: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality 26, 590- 602.

Dybem B. 1983. Field sampling and preparation subsamples of aquatic organism for analysis metals and organochlorides. FAO Fisheries Technical 212, 1-13.

Eisenberg M, Topping JJ. 1986. Trace metal residues in finfish from Maryland waters, 1978-1979. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 21(1), 87-102.

Farkas A, Salianki J, Speczilar A. 2002. Relation between growth and the heavy metal concentration in organs of bream Abramis brama L. populating Lake Balaton. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 43, 236-43.

Ghannam HE, Talab AS, Gaber SE, Jahin HS. 2014. Assessment of heavy metals distribution in some freshwater fish organs using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Ecology, Environment and Conservation Journal 20(3), 859-870.

Giguere A, Campbell PGC, Hare L, McDonald DG, Rasmussen JB. 2004. Influence of lake chemistry and fish age on cadmium, copper, and zinc concentrations in various organs of indigenous yellow perch (Perca flavescens). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 61, 1702-1716.

Gomaa MNE, Abou-Arab AAK, Badawy A, Naguib K. 1995. Distribution pattern of some heavy metals in Egyptian fish organs. Food Chemistry 53, 385-389.

Harms U. 1975. The levels of heavy metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Hg) in fish from onshore and offshore waters of the German Bight. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch Journal 159, 125-133.

Hemens J, Connell AD. 1975. Richards Bay: Southern bay conservation area. CSIR/ NIWR Progress Report No. 29 CSIR, Durban, South Africa.

Hernandez F, Medira J, Ansuategui J, Lopeg FJ. 1990. Application of simple procedure of digestion for the determination of trace metals in marine organisms. Analysis 18, 327-330.

Ibrahim HTM. 1996. Detection and identification of some pesticide residues and heavy metals in Qarun Lake and River Nile fish. M.Sc thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt.

Khali M, Faragallah H. 2008. The distribution of some leachable and total heavy metals in core sediments of Manzala lagoon, Egypt. Egypt Journal of Aquatic Research 34 (1), 1-11.

Kock G, Triendl M, Hofer R. 1998. Lead (Pb) in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) from oligotrophic Alpine lakes: Gills versus digestive tract. Water Air Soil Pollution 102, 303-312.

Lowe TP, May TW, Brubangh WG, Kane DA. 1985. National contaminant monitoring program. Concentrations of seven elements in freshwater fish, 1979-1981. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 14, 363-383.

Luckas B. 1987. Characteristic levels of chlorinated hydrocarbons and trace metals in fish from coastal waters of North and Baltic Sea. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 29, 215-225.

Marzouk M. 1994. Fish and environmental pollution. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 42, 51-52.

Philippart JCL, Ruwet JCL. 1982. Ecology and distribution of tilapias. In: Lowe, R.H. and M.C. Connell (eds.), The Biology and Culture of Tilapia, pp: 15-59. International Center for living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines.

Ramos A, Decompose M, Olszyna AE. 1979. Mercury contamination of fish in Guatemala. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 22, 488-493.

Saad MAH, Goma RH. 1994. Effects of the High Dam and Aswan cataract on the chemical composition of the Nile waters. I: Major anions, Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie 25, 1812-1815.

Svobodova Z, Lloyd R, Machova J, Vykusova B. 1993. Water quality and fish health,EI-FAC Technical paper No. 54 Rome. FAO. 59p.

Tayel SI, Yacoub AM, Mahmoud SA. 2008. Histopathological and haematological responses to freshwater pollution in the Nile catfish Clarias gariepinus. Journal of Egyptian Academic Society for Environmental Development 9, 43-60.

Wiener JG, Giesy JP. 1979. Concentration of Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, Zn, in fishes in highly organic software pond. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 36, 270-278.

Yacoub AM, Gad NS. 2012. Accumulation of some heavy metals and biochemical alterations in muscles of Oreochromis niloticus from the River Nile in Upper Egypt. International Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering 3, 1- 10.

Zyadah MA. 2008. Accumulation of some heavy metals in Tilapia Zillii organs from Lake Manzalah, Egypt. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23, 365-372.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background