Biochemical and sensory characterization of an aphrodisiac drink based on Ficus exasperata Vahl (Moraceae) and Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw (Sapindaceae), carried out in the region of Man (West of Côte d’Ivoire)

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Research Paper 11/12/2023
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Biochemical and sensory characterization of an aphrodisiac drink based on Ficus exasperata Vahl (Moraceae) and Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw (Sapindaceae), carried out in the region of Man (West of Côte d’Ivoire)

Mohamed Anderson Yeo, Lassina Ivo, Lacina Coulibaly
J. Bio. Env. Sci.23( 6), 26-37, December 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study on the formulation of an aphrodisiac herbal tea based on plants from the Man region (West of Côte d’Ivoire) was undertaken in order to contributing to the enhancement of local medicinal plants. For that, tests in tubes as well as chromatographic analyzes on thin layers were carried out for the detection of phytochemical compounds. Colorimetric tests of Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride allowed the determination of the respective contents of total polyphenols and flavonoids. As for the contents of alkaloids, mucilage, reducing sugars, lipids and protein, they were determined by gravimetric tests. The evaluation of the anti-radical power is determined by the power of the extracts to inhibit the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical. The results showed the presence of certain phytocompounds at respective levels of F. exasperata and C. grandiflorum, 103.1 ± 5.1 mg/g and 93.4 ± 4.7 mg/g of vegetable powder for sugars total, 51.1±2.6 mg/g and 60.0±3.1 mg/g lipids, 20.4±0.78 and 17.07±0.40 mgEAG/g, 4.2±0 .15 and 3.7±0.08 mgEQ/g and 2.8±0.7 of alkaloid in F. exasperata. The respective IC50 of the DDPH for F. exasperata and C. grandiflorum are 64.60±3.23µg/mL and 87.45±4.37 µg/mL. The presence of compounds such as polyphenols, alkaloids and terpenes are compounds whose vasorelaxative power has been established and are therefore favorable to better blood circulation, which is the basis of erectile potential

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