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Research Paper | December 1, 2013

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Biocidal effects of acetone based plant extracts of Murraya exotica, Murraya koenigii and Nicotiana tabacum on stored Grain insect pest, Tribolium castaneum

Fawad Zafar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Sagheer, Mansoor-ul-Hasan, Shafqat Saeed, Abdul Majid, Hafiza Tahira Gul, Maimona Bukhari, Asif Latif, Abdul Khaliq, Arjad Hussain

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Int. J. Biosci.3(12), 44-49, December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.12.44-49

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Abstract

Contact action and repellent effects of the acetone based leaf extracts of Murraya exotica, Murraya koenigii and Nicotiana tabacum were tested against the adult stage of stored grain insect pest, Tribolium castaneum. Different concentrations (5, 10 and 15%) were employed and the knockdown effect was checked after a period of 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144 and 168 hours while in the case of repellency, the area preference method was used and effect was evaluated after periods of 24, 48 and 72 hours. Experiments to check for the toxic effects revealed that N. tabacum (12.95%) proved to be more effective as compared to M. exotica (9.53%) and M. koenigii (4.31%), respectively. Repellent effect of plant extracts exhibited different trend and M. exotica (70.61%) proved to be most effective among the three extracts followed by N. tabacum (60.98%) and M. koenigii (51.97%) respectively. Toxicological and repellency bioassays proved a definite impact of plant extracts against the adult stage of rust red flour beetle, T. castaneum. Plant extracts also proved to be potent to induce knockdown and repellence against stored insect pests and also reflected their potential to be used as alternate of the synthetic insecticides.

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Biocidal effects of acetone based plant extracts of Murraya exotica, Murraya koenigii and Nicotiana tabacum on stored Grain insect pest, Tribolium castaneum

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