Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Biodiversity and conservation of spiny eel (Mastacemblus armatus) in River Indus of district D.I. Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

Research Paper | February 1, 2019

| Download 8

Hameed Ur Rehman, Tahira Nisa, Feroz Khan, Noor Ahmed Bangulzai, Abdul Ghaffar, Muhammad Luqman Khan Bazai, Muhammad Naeem, Raheem Shah, Khalid Usman, Hashim Ud Din, Saifullah Khan

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.14( 2), 299-304, February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.299-304


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The purpose of current study was to investigate the biodiversity and conservation of Spiny Eel (Mastacemblus armatus) in river Indus of district D.I. Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  (KP), Pakistan. In this study, total of 204 fishes in seven days were collected. Among these 102 (32.35%) fishes from Ghafar Wali site, 55 (29.09%) from Dera Board site and 48 (37.5%) were from Allah Huu Mosque of D.I. Khan region. Correlation R value between weight and length for Spiny Eel was greater than 0.5, so no significant correlation is found between length and weight. From the current study it may be concluded that the biodiversity of Spiny Eel is rich because river Indus is a strong aquatic structure with huge fish fauna. A proper law and rules should be followed for the protection of fish population because it is the way to provide proteins to the human population.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Biodiversity and conservation of spiny eel (Mastacemblus armatus) in River Indus of district D.I. Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan

Ahmed EO, Ali ME, Aziz AA. 2011. Length-weight relationships and condition factors of six fish species in Atbara River and Khashm el-girba Reservoir, Sudan. International Journal of Agricultural Science 3, 65-70.

Burton PJ, Balisky AE, Coward LP, Cumming SG, Kneshwaw DD. 1992. The Value of Managing Biodiversity. The Forestry Chronicle 68(2), 225-237.

Butt J, Nawaz M. 1978. Fish of North Waziristan and D.I. Khan Division KPK, Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan) 24, 281-296.

Froese R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22, 241-253.

Fontoura NF, Jesus AS, Larre GG, Porto JR. 2010. Can weight/length relationship  predict size at first maturity? A case study with two species of Characidae. Neotropical Ichthyology 8, 835-840.

Furuya. 2015. Length–weight relationship and prediction equations of body composition forgrowing-finishing cage-farmed Nile tilapia. Research Brazil Zootec; 44(4), 133-137.

Helfrich LA, Neves RJ. 2009. Sustaining America’s Aquatic Biodiversity Freshwater Fish Biodiversity and Conservation. Virginia cooperative extension, publication 420-525.

Hamzah N. 2007. Assessment on water quality and biodiversity within Sungai Batu Pahat Master of thesis. University Technology Malaysia 124.

Jha BR, Waidbacher H, Sharma S, Michael S. 2006.Fish species composition, number andabundance in different rivers and seasons in Nepal and the reevaluation of their threat category foreffective conservation and management. Ecology Environment & Conservation 12(1), 25-36.

Karakulak FS, Erk H, Bilgin B. 2006. Length–weight relationships for 47 coastal fish  species from the northern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22, 274-278.

Li P, Mai K, Trushenski J, Wu G. 2009. New developments in fish amino acid nutrition: towards functional and environmentally oriented aqua feeds. Amino Acids 37, 43-53.

Limburg KE, Hughes RM, Jackson DC, Brain CZ. 2011.  Human Population Increase Economic Growth, and Fish Conservation Collision course or Savvy Stewardship. Fisheries 36, 27-34.

Mirza MR. 1980. The systematic and zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. Proceedings of 1st Pakistan Congress Zoology; Part A.

Mirza MR. 1994. Geographical Distribution of fresh water fishes in Pakistan a review Punjab  University. Journal of Zoology 9, 93-108.

N.R.C. (National Research Council). 2011. Nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Rosenfeld JA. 2002. Patterns and process in the geographical ranges of fishes. Global ecology and biodiversity 11, 323-332.

Silva CST, Santos DL, Silva RCL, Michelato M, Furuya BRV. Shaikh MW, Kamble HM, Renge AB. 2011. The study of Ichthyofauna diversity in Upper Dudha Project water reservoir near Somthana in Jalna District (MS) Indian Journal of Fish Aquaculture 2(1), 8-10.

Taylor BW, Flecker ASR, Hall O. 2006. Loss of a harvested fish species disrupts carbon flow in a diverse tropical river. Science 313, 833-836.

Tran-Duy A, Van Dam AA, Schrama JW. 2012. Feed intake, growth and metabolism of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in relation to dissolved oxygen concentration. Aquaculture Research 43, 730-744.