Biodiversity evaluation of rangelands ecosystems to achieve sustainable development (case study: Dastgerd watersed, Birjand, Iran)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2014
Views (185) Download (7)

Biodiversity evaluation of rangelands ecosystems to achieve sustainable development (case study: Dastgerd watersed, Birjand, Iran)

R. Falaki, M. Tajbakhsh, S Ghollasimood
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 268-275, August 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Taken literally, the aim of biodiversity monitoring is to track changes in the biological integrity of ecosystems. Biodiversity monitoring within the rangelands may encompass many aspects and is clearly a very complex task. This study was conducted on rangelands of Dastgerd watershed with the objective of the determining the floristic composition, species diversity, richness and evenness. Systematic-randomly sampling method was used to collect the vegetation data. Accordingly, 20 plot of 10 × 10m (100m2 ) quadrate were laid and vegetation parameters were recorded and all the collected plant species were identified at herbarium of Birjand university. Vegetation analyzing was performed using BIO DAP, Estimate S and PAST software. A total of 32 species belonging to 30 genera and 15 families were identified. The collected species were composed of chamaephyte (15.5 %), geophytes (19 %), hemicryptophytes (37.5 %), phanerophytes (6 %) and therophytes (22 %). Most of species belong to Asteraceae and Poaceae. Generally, the rangeland condition indicated that it is in the stage of regeneration. The high percent of species belong to class III in the area shows necessitates the need for an immediate conservation action in order to ensure the sustainable utilization and management of the rangeland.


Akhani H. 2005. The illustrated flora of Golestan National Park, Iran. V0l. 1. Tehran University Press.

Assadi M, Maassoumi AA, Khatamsaz M, Mozaffarian V. 1988. Flora of Iran. Vols. 1-66, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Publications, Tehran.

Behboodi H. 2010. The Investigation of Plants Biodiversity in Tandooreh national park. National Conference of Biodiversity and its impact on agriculture and the environment, Urmia, National Plant Gene Bank of Iran.

Charkhchiyan  M,  Akbari-niya  M,  Abtahi  S. 2008. Introduced flora of Alamut area, Qazvin Province. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi 21(4), 111-125.

Danin A. 1977. Plant species diversity and ecological districts of the Sina desert. Plant Ecology 36, 83-93.

Dehghan F, Ghorbni J, Heidari GH, Zali SH. 2011. Effect of biological restoration on vegetation and soil properties. range and watershed management 64(3), 267-280.

Ejtehadi H, Akefi H, Ghoreishi J. 2002. Analysis and comparison of numerical index of species diversity in two different sites with different grazing management. Iranian Journal of Biology 13(3), 49-58.

Gholami A, Ejtehadi H, Ghassemzadeh F, Ghorashi-al-Hosseini J. 2006. Study of Plant Biodiversity around Protected Area of the Bazangan Lake, Iranian Journal of Biology 19(4), 398-407.

Ghollasimood SH, Amousi O, Fattahi B. 2014. Floristic composition, life forms and geographical distribution of semi steppe pastures of Western Zagros (case study: Perdanan, West Azerbaijan, Iran), Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 4(4), 75-86.

Ghollasimood SH, Jalili B, Bakhshi-khaniki GH. 2006. Introducing flora and life forms of plants in west of Birjand. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi 73, 65-73.

Hayek LAC, Buzas MA, Osterman LE. 2007. Community structure of foraminiferal communities within temporal biozones from the western arctic ocean. Foraminiferal Research 37(1), 33-40.

Jing Z, Cheng J, Su J, Bai Y, Jin J. 2014. Changes in plant community composition and soil properties under 3-decade grazing exclusion in semiarid grassland. Ecological Engineering 64, 171-178.

Jouri MH, Temzad B, Shokri M, Banihashemi B. 2008. Compares the diversity and richness in evaluation of alpine rangeland health. rangeland 2(4), 344-356.

Krebs CJ. 2001. Ecology. Benjamin Cummings Sanfransisco. Fifth Ed. 343-384.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Measurement, Princeton University, Press Princeton, 179 p.

Margalef R. 1957. Diversidad de species en las commundades naturals. publications del instituto de biological aplicate 6, 59-72.

Mahmoodi J, Choopani H, Akbarloo M. 2011. The effect of exclosure on biodiversity in steppe rangelands. Natural Ecosystems of Iran 1(2), 146-155

Mesdaghi M, Sadeghnejad M. 2000. Comparison of indices of diversity under three semi-steppe grasslands of operation in the North-East of Iran. Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources 7(3), 63-76.

Moghaddam MR. 2001. Quantitative plant ecology. Tehran university press. 285p.

Moradi A, Akbar  zadeh  A,  Sobhezahedi  S. 2010. Study of plant life forms and chorological West Rostamabad Gillan. 16th Iranian Biology Conference. Ferdowsi university, Mashhad, Iran.

Mousavi A. 2004. Introduced flora and plant geography of watersheds Khanchay Zanjan province. Iranian journal of natural Resources 57(3), 551-563.

Nikan M, Ejtehadi H, Jangjoo M, Noadoost F. 2009. Biodiversity and evenness along the spatial gradient of livestock grazing on semi steppe pasture in Baharkysh Ghochan. 2nd Iranian Plant Systematic Conference. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Raunkiaer C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Translated by Carter, et al. Oxford Univ. Press.

Rostampoor M, Jafari M, Farzadmehr J, Tavili A, Zare MA. 2008. Investigation of relationships between plant biodiversity and environmental factors in the plant communities of arid Ecosystems (Case study: Zirkouh of Qaen). Watershed Management Researches (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi) 83, 47-57

Shannon CE, wiener W. 1949. The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press, 350 p.

Shokri M, Tavili A, Moulaii J. 2006. Grazing intensity effects on the species richness of grasslands Alborz mountains. Rangeland 1(3), 269-278.

Simpson,  EH.  1949.  Measurment  of  diversity. Nature, 163: 688 p.

Song Y, Wang P, Li G, Zhou D. 2014. Relationships between functional diversity and ecosystem functioning: A review. Acta Ecologica Sinica 34(2), 85-91.

Tavakoli H, Sanadgol AA, Garivani YA. 2006. Effect of different grazing intensities and rest grazing on forage production and performance of Russian brome. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert research 13(2), 69-73.

van der Maarel E. 1993. Some remarks on disturbance and its relations to diversity and stability. Vegetation Science 4, 733-736.

Yavari A, Tavakoli H, Garivani M. 2001. Investigate the dynamics of rangeland vegetation affected by the various action of management in north of Khorasan. Paper presented at 2nd National Conference of Range and Range Management in Iran, Tehran, 170-178.

Zhang J, Lihong F, Min L. 2012. Functional diversity in plant communities: Theory and analysis methods. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(5), 1014-1022.