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Research Paper | December 8, 2022

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Bioefficacy of Azadirachta indica A. Juss and Jatropha curcas L. seeds aqueous extracts on Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

Diabate Dohouonan, Golly Koffi Julien, Ahon Gnamien Marcel, Tano Yao

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.21(6), 68-76, December 2022

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Abstract

The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is an important pest of cruciferous crops in Côte d’Ivoire. It is a destructive pest of cabbage and it is developed resistance to many conventional insecticides. This study was carried out to evaluate the repellency and antifeedant effects of Azadirachta indica and Jatropha curcas seeds aqueous extracts on Plutella xylostella larvae and compared to two insecticides (Decis12 EC® and Cypercal 50 EC®) used by farmers under laboratory conditions. Three concentrations of Azadirachta indica seed powders (10.3, 25.9 and 41.5g) and of Jatropha curcas seed powders (14.7, 36.9 and 59.1g/L) and one concentration of the insecticides Decis 12EC® (0.042g/L) and Cypercal 50 EC® (0.13g/L) were separately applied on 20 larvae of Plutella xylostella for the antifeedent tests. For the repellent effect tests, 20 larvae of Plutella xylostella were placed on the middle of Whatman paper which half were uniformly applied with each insecticide or biopesticides. Three replicates were performed for each concentration of the treatments. The results showed that the aqueous extracts of Azadirachta indica 25.9 and 41.5g/L and of Jatropha curcas 59.1g/L seeds powders have higher antifeedant and repellency effects on Plutella xylostella larvae than the insecticides Decis 12 EC® and Cypercal 50 EC® in 72 hours. Antifeedant and repellent effects of these botanical extracts were increased with seeds extracts concentrations. Thus, the aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica seed powders 25.9 and 41.5g/L and of Jatropha curcas 59.1g/L can be used to protect efficiency cabbage crops against Plutella xylostella and the environment.

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Bioefficacy of Azadirachta indica A. Juss and Jatropha curcas L. seeds aqueous extracts on Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

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