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Bioinspired nanocomposites: an emerging concept of functional and ecologically sustainable hybrid materials

Sarmad Ahmad Qamar, Nimrah Khalid, Sana Karim, Mahpara Qamar

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.15(6), 53-63, December 2019


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This article presents a broad overview of the current advancements in bioplastics and bioinspired nanocomposites with nanoscale reinforcements that are being applied for a broad range of applications e.g. biomedical, electronic, durable good and packaging materials. The production of nanobiocomposites by renewable and biodegradable materials helped in a range of different applications. Several drawbacks of bioplastics such as hydrophilicity, low-heat deflection, poor conductivity, and barrier properties can be efficiently overcome using nanobiocomposites. Nano-scale biocomposites present significant decrease in hydrophilicity and increase in mechanical properties as compared to neat biopolymer that fails to exhibit on its own. This approach can be used for other natural polymers to induce desired functionality. This review covers the recent trends towards nano-functional materials, renewable materials that are being applied for the production of nanobiocomposites and their applications especially in health sciences are discussed in detail. This emerging concept will definitely enhance the scope of nanohybrid materials for sustainable products development with improved properties than previously applied synthetic polymer-based or biopolymer-based plastics.


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Bioinspired nanocomposites: an emerging concept of functional and ecologically sustainable hybrid materials

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