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Research Paper | June 1, 2015

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Biology and blooms of the edible jellyfish (Crambione mastigophora) in the Saleh Bay, Indonesia

Evron Asrial, Arief Prajitno, Edi Susilo, Gatut Bintoro

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(6), 356-369, June 2015

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Abstract

Edible jellyfish (scyphozoan) is one of coastal fishery resources in Indonesia that has economic value because has been exported to some countries in eastern Asia. Research concerning in scyphozoan resources in Saleh Bay waters has been carried out in 01st September 2014 – 15th December 2014. The research aimed is to know causes of blooming phenomenon of the scyphozoan who living and growing up in Saleh Bay. The authors visited the research location four times in order to get data and information of scyphozoan, and to interview local fishermen. This research uses survey method, and also using sampling, dialogue, and documentation methods for data collecting. Primary data was collected with simple random sampling. For data analysis, used quantitative and qualitative methods. The scyphozoan (104 ind) and time series data were used as the main research materials. The main equipments are pair of scales, ruler and camera. The scyphozoan classification is class Scyphozoa, species Crambione mastigophora MAAS 1903. Up till now, blooming scene of C. mastigophora was one time in a year usually go on five months on period September-January, it is affected by disparity of waters temperature (SST, SBT). Whereas the scyphozoan proliferation is influenced by hydrological system, shrimp pond, illegal fishing, overfishing and catch-ability of scyphozoan fishing gear. For muffle of bloom rate, admissible action is mangrove reforestation, coral reef transplantation, shrimp culture restriction and intensive sea patrol to take action against the actors of illegal fishing and destructive fishing.

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Biology and blooms of the edible jellyfish (Crambione mastigophora) in the Saleh Bay, Indonesia

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