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Research Paper | November 10, 2022

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Breadfruit [Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg] propagation using root cuttings treated with rooting hormones

Ida Variacion-Maghuyop

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(5), 56-63, November 2022

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Abstract

The study aimed to assess the root and leaf emergence performance of breadfruit root cuttings under different concentrations of rooting hormones. A two-factor experiment in split-plot experimental design was used in the analysis. Rooting hormones corresponding to Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) and Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) were the main plot factor (factor A) and the hormone concentration at three different levels as the subplot factor (factor B). The treatments or factors were replicated three times with ten samples per subplot. It revealed that the number of leaf emergence was significant under factor A. Number of leaf emergence was also significantly different between levels under factor B. Post hoc analysis showed that control obtained the highest mean of 2.78. In terms of root emergence, factor A showed significant results while factor B was not significant. A significant difference was also observed between treatment means. The number of root emergence was highest in the control with a mean of 2.57 and is significantly different from the two growth hormones. Highly significant difference between treatments on the survival of cuttings with control having the highest mean of 54.44%. Overall, result revealed that the emergence of leaves and roots of breadfruit from root cuttings was not influenced by rooting hormones under non-mist propagation. Breadfruit can easily propagate using root cuttings even without the use of growth hormones.

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Breadfruit [Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg] propagation using root cuttings treated with rooting hormones

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