Breeding strategies for vegetable improvement: An extensive analysis

Paper Details

Research Paper 07/03/2024
Views (225) Download (31)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Breeding strategies for vegetable improvement: An extensive analysis

Mahendra Kumar Yadav, Juri Das
J. Bio. Env. Sci.24( 3), 27-36, March 2024.
Certificate: JBES 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In the face of a burgeoning global population, the imperative of ensuring food security looms large. This review critically examines the pivotal role of breeding strategies in enhancing crop yield, quality, and resilience, with a specific focus on vegetable improvement. Bridging the gap between traditional and modern methodologies, the study explores the historical successes of mass selection and crossbreeding, laying the groundwork for the transformative era ushered in by molecular breeding and genetic engineering. Biotechnology methods have additionally demonstrated to be insufficient to completely replace conventional breeding methods. Trait-specific breeding strategies are examined, emphasizing resilience to illness and abiotic stress, nutritional content, and post-harvest traits. This review analyzes the shortcomings of current breeding strategies, offering a realistic evaluation of the remaining challenges that must addressed overcome. It also discusses the possibility for breeding vegetables in the future, taking into account the need to address the consequences of climate change, incorporate new technology, and develop crops that can endure shifting environmental challenges. This review attempts to give a comprehensive picture of the state of vegetable improvement today and to direct future research efforts in the pursuit of sustainable vegetables production.

VIEWS 76

Aditika K, Priyanka HS, Sharma A. 2017. Vegetable Improvement in India; Recent Past, Present and Future: A Review Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6(8), 3246-3255.

Ahloowalia BS, Maluszynski M, Nichterlein K. 2004. Global impact of mutation-derived varieties. Euphytica 135, 187-204.2.

Anonymous. 2015. Global area under GM crops. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Application (ISAAA), 2015.

Ansari AM. 2015.  Molecular markers in vegetable improvement. Horticultural Biotechnology Research 5(1), 5-10.

Bajaj YPS. 1987. Biotechnology and 21st century potato. In: Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 3: Potato (ed. Bajaj, Y. P. S.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3-22p.

Brummell AA, Harpster MH, Civello PC, Palys JM, Bennett AB, Dunsmuira P. 1999. Modification of expansion protein abundance in tomato fruit alters softening and cell wall polymer metabolism during ripening. Plant Cell 11, 2203–2216.

Caspi N, Levin I, Reuveni M. 2008.  A mutation in the tomato DDB1 gene affects cell and chloroplast compartment size and CDT1 transcript. Plant Signaling and Behavior 3(9), 641-649.

Chakraborty S, Chakraborty N, Agrawal L, Ghosh S, Narula K, Shekhar S. 2010. Next-generation protein-rich potato expressing the seed protein gene AmA1 is a result of proteome rebalancing in transgenic tuber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (41), 17533-8.

Dias S, Ortiz R. 2012. Transgenic vegetable breeding for nutritional quality and health benefits. Food and Nutrition Sciences 3, 1209-1219.

Dias JCDS. 2014. Guiding strategies for breeding vegetable cultivars. Agricultural Sciences 5(1).

Dwivedi SL, Britt AB, Tripathi L, Sharma S, Upadhyaya HD, Ortiz R. 2015.  Haploids: constraints and opportunities in plant breeding. Biotechnology advances 33(6), 812-29.

Foolad MR, Sharma A. 2005.  Molecular Markers as Selection Tools in Tomato Breeding. Acta Horticulturae 695, 225-240.

Fuchs M, Chirco EM, Jim R, Mcferson JR, Dennis Gonslves D. 2004.  Comparative fitness of a wild squash species and three generations of hybrids between wild × virus-resistant transgenic squash. Environ Biosafety Res. 3, 17-28.

Gupta N. 2019. Mutation breeding in vegetable crops: A review International Journal of Chemical Studies 7(3), 3516-3519.

Hayes HK, Jones DF. 1916.   First Generation Crosses in Cucumbers. Conn. Agric. Exp. Sta. Ann. Rep. 40, 319–322.

Holland JB. 2014.  Implementation of Molecular Markers for Quantitative Traits in International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Application. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops, 2015.

Jones M, Prunier FP, Marcel F, Piednoir E. 2012.  Characterization of alleles of tomato light signalling genes generated by tilling. Phytochemistry, 9, 78-86.

Kakizaki Y. 1931. Hybrid Vigor in Egg-Plants and Its Practical Utilization. Genetics. 16, 196.

Kalloo G. 1998. Vegetable research in India. Indian Journal of Agriculture Sciences 68(8 Special issue), 515-526.

Konzak CF, Nilan RA, Kleinhofs A. 1977. Artificial mutagenesis as an aid in overcoming genetic vulnerability of crop plants. In: Muhammed A, Aksel R, Von Borstel RC (eds). Genetic diversity in plants. Plenum, New York, 163-177p.

Kruse R. 1964. Genetic Basis of Heterosis. Nacta. 8, 6–13.

Kumar A, Mishra MN, Kharkwal MC. 2007.  Induced mutagenesis in black gram (Vigna mungo [L.] Hepper). Indian J. Genet. 67(1), 41-46.

Kumar S, Singh V, Kumar S, Rai M, Kalloo G. 2002.  Rapd protocol for tagging of fertility restorer and male sterility genes in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Vegetable Science 29(2), 101-105.

Kumar S, Singh PK. 2004. Mechanisms for Hybrid Development in Vegetables. Journal of New Seeds 6(4), 300-407.

Kumar V, Rout S, Tak MK, Deepak KR. 2015.  Application of Biotechnology in Forestry: Current status and future perspective. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 14(3), 645-653.

Li L, Paolillo DJ, Parthasarathy MV, Dimuzio EM, Garvin DF. 2001. A novel gene mutation that confers abnormal patterns of betacarotene accumulation in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis). Plant Journal 26, 59-67.

Meena OP, Meena NK. 2014. Role of hybrids in vegetable production. Popular Kheti 2(3), 7-14.

Miflin B. 2000.  Crop improvement in the 21st century. Journal of Experimental Botany 5(342), 1-8.

Moon SS, Verma VK, Munshi AD. 2002. Gene action of quality traits in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Vegetable Science 29 (2), 134-136.

Mulualem T, Abate M. 2016.  Heterotic Response in Major Cereals and Vegetable Crops. Int. J. Plant Breed. Genet. 10, 69–78.

Naik PS, Sarkar D. 2000.  In vitro propagation and conservation of genetic resources in potato. In: Biotechnology in Horticultural and Plantation Crops, (eds. Chadha, K.L., Ravindran, P.N. and Sahijram, Leela) Malhotra Publishing House, New Delhi, 369-406p.

Pandey SK, Sarkar D, Sharma S, Chandel P. 2010.  Integration of somatic fusion into potato breeding: problems and perspectives. Potato Journal 37(1-2), 9-20.

Pradhan K, Rout S, Tripathy B, Mishra UN, Sahoo G, Prusty AK, Dash L. 2021. Role of Biotechnology in Vegetable Breeding Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (TOJQI) 12(3), 5092-5102.

Prakash K, Kumar R, Prakash NR, Singh S, Singh L. 2017.  Pre-Breeding in the Omics Era: A Review in Vegetable Crops. Chem. Sci. Rev. Lett. 6(22), 752-762.

Prasanna HC, Kashyap SP, Krishna R, Sinha DP, Reddy S, Malathi VG. 2015. Marker assisted selection of Ty-2 and Ty-3 carrying tomato lines and their implications in breeding tomato leaf curl disease resistant hybrids. Euphytica  204, 407-418.

Rai N, Rai M. 2006. Heterosis Breeding in Vegetable Crops; New India Publishing: New Delhi, India.

Saini JK, Saini R, Tewari L. 2015. Lignocellulosic agriculture wastes as biomass feedstocks for second-generation bioethanol production: concepts and recent developments. 3 Biotech. 5, 337-53.

Shull GH. 1952.  Beginnings of the Heterosis Concept. Heterosis 23, 31–33.

Singh B, Chaubey T. 2013. Vegetable research in India: An overview. Progressive Horticulture 45, 9-35.

Singh H, Sekhon BS,  Kumar P, Dhall RK, Devi R, Dhillon TS, Sharma S, Khar A, Yadav RK, Tomar BS, Ntanasi T, Sabatino L, Ntatsi G. 2023. Genetic Mechanisms for Hybrid Breeding in Vegetable Crops. Plants 12, 2294.

Singh S, Yadav S, Singh A. 2021. Recent approaches for breeding vegetable crops for quality, rich in nutrients and nutraceuticals. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 10(1), 2061-2071.

Smith DL, Abbott AA, Gross KC. 2002. Down-regulation of tomato b-galactosidase 4 results in decreased fruit softening. Plant Physio.  14, 1755–1762.

Song H, Chen J, Staub JE, Simon  PW. 2010. QTL analysis of orange color and carotenoid content and mapping of carotenoid biosynthesis gene in cucumber. Acta Horticulturae 871, 607-614.

Srivastava AK, Diengdoh LC, Rai R, Bag TK. 2012. Tissue Culture-Technology Harnessed for Potato Seed Production. Central Potato Research Station, 5th Mile, Upper Shillong, Shillong, 793 009.

Steward FC, Caplin SM. 1951. Tissue culture from potato tuber: the synergistic action of 2, 4-D and of coconut milk. Science 111, 518-520.

Tiwari BK. 2015. Ultrasound: A clean, green extraction technology. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 71, 100-9.

Tricoli DM, Carney KJ, Russell PF, McMaster JR, Groff DW, Hadden KC, Himmel PT, Hubbard JP, Boeshore ML, Quemada HD. 1995. Field evaluation of transgenic squash containing single and multiple protein gene constructs for resistance to cucumber mosaic virus, watermelon mosaic virus 2, and zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Bio.Tech. 13, 1458-1465.

Wamiq M, Yadav S, Pant M, Kumar M, Singh S, Kumar D, Kaushik K, Kumar A, Ahamad S. 2023. Vegetable improvement in India: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal 12(6), 4783-4787.

Zanor MI, Osorio S, Nunes-Nesi A, Carrari F, Lohse M, Usadel B, Kuhn C, Bleiss W, Giavalisco P, Willmitzer L, Sulpice R, Zhou YH, Fernie AR. 2009. RNA interference of LIN5 in tomato confirms its role in controlling Brix content, uncovers the influence of sugars on the levels of fruit hormones and demonstrates the importance of sucrose cleavage for normal fruit development and fertility. Plant Physiol.  3.