Bryophyte flora of Mt. Matutum protected landscape, South Cotabato, Philippines

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/09/2016
Views (729) Download (73)

Bryophyte flora of Mt. Matutum protected landscape, South Cotabato, Philippines

Andrea G. Azuelo, Alven A. Manual, Christine Dawn G. Obemio, Edna P. Oconer, Renan B. Gubalane, Gerald G. Lobredo
J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 3), 1-12, September 2016.
Certificate: JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


An inventory of Mt. Matutum’s bryophyte flora as to its species richness and composition on the three vegetation types namely: lowland (mixed dipterocarp), montane and mossy forests was conducted. A floristic survey through alpha taxonomy was employed by recording all the species within the study area. The bryophytes were collected through alpha taxonomy and sampling plots. Site validations were employed to establish two sample plots with a 20×20 m quadrat in each vegetation type. Each species was classified, identified and described according to its diagnostic characters using field lens and microscopy examinations. Findings of the study revealed a total of 185 species, 70 genera, and 35 families. There are 129 species of mosses belonging to 48 genera and 23 families. The liverwort showed 43 species, 19 genera, and 11 families. Three species belonging to 3 genera and one family were noted for the hornworts. Four endemic species namely: Ectropothecium ferrugineum (C. Mull.) Jaeg., Symphysodontella subulata Broth., Thuidium benguetense Broth ex. Bartr., Leucobryum bowringii Mitt., On the species currently listed, Leucobryum bowringii Mitt. was evaluated as endangered. Two species of mosses namely: Pogonatum macrophyllum (Dozy & Molk.) Lindb. and Leucobryum arfakianum C. Mull. Ex. Geh. had shown uniqueness in their morphology and distribution, and clearly showed that their life forms are adaptations to special ecological niches and reflect habitats. Three species of mosses were found as new record in Mt. Matutum such as Neolindbergia rugosa (Lindb.) Fleisch., Bescherellia cryphaeoides (C. Müll.) Fleisch., and Aerobryopsis sp. Further research is essential in monitoring several important species and providing baseline information on its distribution and taxonomic classification.


Ando  H.  1983.  Use  of  bryophytes  in  China  1. Proceedings of the Bryological Society of Japan. Tokyo 3, 104-106.

Arsenault A. 2000. Patterns of bryophyte and lichen diversity in interior and coastal cedar-hemlock forests of British Columbia.

Barnerjee RD. 1974. Studies on antibiotic activity of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Kalyani, Kalyani, India.

Cox  CJ, Goffinet B,  Wickett NJ,  Boles SB, Shaw AJ. 2014. Moss diversity: a molecular phylogenetic analysis of genera. Phytotaxa, 175-195.

Ding H. 1982. Medicinal spore-bearing plants of China. Shanghai Scientific Publisher, Shanghai. 409 p.

Dynesius M. 2006. Species richness correlations among primary producers in boreal forest. Diversity and Distribution, Blackwell Publishing. 6, 703-713.

Eldridge DJ. 1993. Cryptogram cover and soil surface condition: effects on hydrology on a semi-arid woodland soil. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation 7(3), 203-217.

Frahm JP. 2003. Manual of Tropical Bryology. An International Journal of the Biology of Tropical Bryophytes. No. 23.

Ginac LD. 2001. New frontiers in bryology and lichenology: Bryophytes as indicators of climate change. The Bryologist 104, 410-420.

Gradstein SR, Culmsee H. 2010. Bryophyte diversity on tree trunks in montane forests of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tropical Bryology 31, 95-105.

Gradstein SR. 1995. Diversity of hepaticae and Anthocerotae in Montane Forests of the Tropical Andes. 321-334.

Gradstein SR, Churchill SP, Salazar Allen N. 2001. Guide to the Bryophytes of Tropical America. The New York Botanical Garden Press, New York.

Hallingback T, Hodgetts N. 2000. Status survey and conservation action plan for bryophytes: mosses, liverworts, and hornworts. IUCN/SSC. Bryophyte Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Stitzerland and Cambridge, U.K. p.106.

Hodgets NG. 1992. Measures to protect Bryophytes in Great Britain. Biological Conservation 59, 259-264.

Longton R. 1997. Reproductive biology and life history strategies. Advances in Bryology 6, 65-101.

Nikolajeva V, Liepina L, Petrina Z, Krumina G, Grube M, Muiznieks I. 2012. Antibacterial Activity of Extracts from Some Bryophytes. Advances in Microbiology 2, 345-353.

Pharo EJ, Zartman CE. 2006. Bryophytes in a changing landscape: The hierarchical effects of habitat fragmentation on ecological and evolutionary processes.

Shaw AJ, Beer SC. 1999. Life history variation in gametophyte populations of the moss Ceratodon purpureus (Deptrichaceae). American Journal of Botany 86(4), 512-521.

Shaw AJ, Goffinet B. 2000. Bryophyte Biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Spujt RW, Cassady JM, Mccloud T, Suffness M, Norris DH, Cragg GM, Edson CF. 1988. Variation in cytoxicity and antitumor activity among sampes of the moss Claopodium crispifolium (Thuiadiaceae). Economic Botany 42(1), 62-72.

Tan BC, Geissler P, Hallingback T, Soderstrom L. 2000. IUCN World Red List of Bryophytes.

Tan B, Iwatsuki Z. 1991. A new annotated Philippine Moss Checklist. Harvard Papers in Botany. 3, 1-65.

Wu PC. 1977. Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwaegr.) Par. Can be used for curing cardiovascular disease. Acta Pythotaxonomica Sinica 15, 93.

Yamaguchi T. 1993. A Revision of the Genus Leucobryum (Musci) in Asia. J. Hattori Botany Lab. 73, 1-123.

Zechemeister HG, Hohenwallner D, Humer-Hochwimmer K. 2001. The researchers of the moss flora of Vienna. Berichte der Reinhold-Tüxen-Gesellschaft 13, 291-295.