Buccal deformities in Chironomid larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) as an indicator Risk Assessment and Anthropogenic stresses of pollution in fresh water of the River Nile, Sohag Governorate, Egypt
Al-Shami SA, Rawi CM, Ahmad AH, Nor SAM. 2012. Genotoxicity of heavy metals to the larvae of Chironomuskiiensis Tokunaga after short-term exposure.Toxicology and Industrial Health 28(8), 734–739.
An YJ, Kampbell DH. 2003. Total, dissolved, and bioavailable metals at Lake Texoma Marinas. Environmental Pollution 1222, 253–259.
Anazawa K, Kaida Y, Shinomura Y, Tomiyasu T, Sakamoto H. 2004. Heavy-metals distribution in river waters and sediments around a ‘‘Firefly village’’, Japan: application of multivariate analysis.Analytical Science 201, 79–84.
Arain MB, Kazi TG, Jamali MK, Jalbani N, Afridi HI, Shah A. 2008. Total dissolved and bioavailable elements in water and sediment samples and their accumulation in Oreochromismoss ambicus of polluted Manchar Lake. Chemosphere 70, 1845– 1856.
Barjaktarovic L, Bendell-Young LI. 2001. Accumulation of 109Cd by second-generation Chironominae propagated from wild populations sampled from low-, mid-, and high-saline environments. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 40, 339-344.
Bidwell JR, Gorrie JR. 2006. The influence of salinity on metal uptake and effects in the midge Chironomus maddeni. Environmental Pollution 139, 206-213.
Cain DJ, Luoma SN, Axtmann EV. 1995. Influence of gut content in immature aquatic insects on assessments of environmental metal contamination. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52, 2736–2746.
Chen HC. 1995. Design of monitoring system and investigation of water quality in rivers at Wulin Area.Annual research Report of Hsue-Pa Nation Park, Department of Anterior, Taiwan, 104 p.
Ciszewski D. 1998. Channel processes as a factor controlling accumulation of heavy metals in river bottom sediments consequences for pollution monitoring (Upper Silesia, Poland). Environmental Geology 36, 45–54.
Epler JH. 2001. Identification manual for the larval Chironomidae (Diptera) of North and South Carolina. Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina Department of Environmental and Natural Resources.
Hamilton AL, Saether OA. 1971. The occurrence of characteristic deformities in the chironomid larvae of several Canadian lakes. Canadian Entomologist 103, 363-368.
Janssens de Bisthoven L, Timmermans KR, Ollevier F. 1992. The concentration of cadmium, lead, copper and zinc in Chironomus gr. Thummi larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) with deformed versus normal menta. Hydrobiologia 239, 141-149.
Janssens de Bisthoven L, Van Speybroeck D. 1994. Some observations of deformed midge larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) in Kenya. Verhandlungen des InternationalenVerein Limnologie 25, 2485-2489.
Janssens de Bisthoven L, Huysmans C, Ollevier F. 1995. The in situ relationships between sediment concentrations of micro pollutants and morphological deformities in Chironomus gr. thummi larvae (Diptera, Chironomidae) from lowland rivers (Belgium) a spatial comparison. Chironomids From genes to ecosystems. (ed. by Cranston, P), 63–80 P. CSIRO Publication, Canberra, Australia.
Janssens de Bisthoven L, Huysmans C, Goemans G, Vannevel R, Ollevier F. 1997. Field and experimental morphological response of Chironomus larvae to xylene and toluene. Netherlands Journal of Zoology 47, 227-239.
Janssens de Bisthoven L, Postma JF, Parren P, Timmermans KR, Ollevier F. 1998. Relations between heavy metals in aquatic sediments and Chironomus larvae of Belgian lowland rivers and their morphological deformities. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 55, 688-703.
Kiffiney PM, Clement WH. 1993. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by benthic Invertebrates at the Arkansas River, Colorado. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12(8), 1507-1517.
Köhn T, Frank W. 1980.Effect of thermal pollution on the chironomid fauna in an urban channel. Chironomidae ecology, systematic, cytology, and physiology. (ed. by D. A. Murray), pp. 187-194. Permagon Press, Oxford, U.K.
Krantzberg G, Stokes PM. 1989. Metal regulation, tolerance, and body burdens in the larvae of the genus Chironomus. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 46, 389-398.
Labus K. 1999. Pollution level and identification of pollution sources of cadmium lead and zinc, affecting ground waters and surface waters within the BialaPrzemsza river basin. Geological Transactions of Polish Academy of Sciences-Krakow Branch 146, 1– 105.
Lydy MJ, Otis JT, Baumann EC, Fisher SW. 1992. Effects of sediment organic carbon content on the elimination rates of neutral lipophilic compounds in the midge (Chironomus riparius). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 11, 347-356.
Madden CP, Suter PJ, Nicholson BC, Austin AD. 1992. Deformities in chironomid larvae as indicators of pollution (pesticide) stress. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 26, 551-557.
Madden CP, Austin AD, Suter PJ. 1995. Pollution monitoring using chironomid larvae: what designated a deformity? In: Cranston, P. (ed.), Chironomids: from genes to ecosystems. CSIRO publication, Canberra.
Meregalli G, Vermeulen AC, Ollevier F. 2000. The use of chironomid deformation in an in situ test for sediment toxicity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 47(3), 231–238.
Meregalli G, Pluymers L, Ollevier F. 2001. Induction of mouthpart deformitiesin Chironomus riparius larvae exposed to 4-n-nonylphenol. Environmental Pollution 111, 241–246.
Nazarova LB. 1999. Development of modern views on teratogenic influence of anthropogenic factors on chironomid larvae. Abstract of Ph.D. Thesis. Kazan State University.
Nazarova LB. 2000. A point of view on chironomid deformities investigation. Chironomus 13, 7-8
Nazarova LB, Govorkova LK, Sabirov RM, Latypova VZ. 2001. Morphological deformations of chironomid larvae on assessment of Kuybishev water reservoir ecological state/ Environ. Radioecology and Applied Ecology 7, 22-27.
Nazarova LB, Riss HW, Kahlheber A, Werding B. 2004. Some observations of buccal deformities in chironomid larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the Ciénaga Grande De Santa Marta, Colombia. Caldasia 26 (1), 275-290.
Nazarova LB, Lüpfert H, Subetto DA, Pestryakova LA, Diekmann B. 2013. Holocene climate conditions in central Yakutia (Eastern Siberia) inferred from sediment composition and fossil chironomids of Lake Temje. Quaternary International 290-291, 264-274.
Nazarova LB, Angela SE, Stephen BJ., van Hardenbroek M, Herzschuh U, Diekmann B. 2014. Northern Russian chironomid-based modern summer temperature data set and inference models. Global and Planetary Change 134, 10-25.
Omer AAM. 1996. Geological, mineralogical and geochemical studies on the Neogene and Quaternary Nile basin deposits, Qena-Assiut stretch, Egypt. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Sci. Sohag University.
Omer AAM. 2003. Variability and speciation of heavy metals in surficial sediments from the River Nile, Egypt Assessment of the anthropogenic impact. The Third International Conference on the Geology of Africa 1, 1-19.
Pettigrove V. 1989. Larval mouthpart deformities in Procladius paludicola Skuse (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the Murray and Darling Rivers, Australia. Hydrobiologia 179, 11-117.
Rodhe W. 1949. The ionic composition of lake waters. Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie 10, 377-386.
Sas Institute. 2002. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Version 9.1. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
Suschka J, Ryborz S, Leszczynska I. 1994. Surface water and sediment contamination in an old industrial region of Poland—two critical examples. Water Science and Technology 29, 107–114.
Timmermans KR, Peeters W, Tonkes M. 1992. Cadmium, zinc, lead and copper in Chironomusriparius(Meigen) larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) uptake and effects. Hydrobiologia 241, 119–134.
Warwick WF. 1980a. Chironomid (Diptera) responses to 2800 years of cultural influence. A paleolimnogical study with special reference to sedimentation, eutrophication, and contamination processes. Canadian Journal of Entomology 112, 1193-1238.
Warwick WF. 1980b. Paleolimnology of the Bay of Quinte, Lake Ontario: 2800 years of cultural influence. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 206, 117 p.
Warwick WF. 1985. Morphological abnormalities in Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae as measures of toxic stress in freshwater ecosystems indexing antennal deformities in Chironomus Meigen. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 42, 1881-1914.
Warwick WF. 1988. Morphological deformities in Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae as bioindicators of toxic stress. Toxic contaminants and ecosystem health. A Great Lake focus (ed. by M.S. Evans), pp. 281-320. Wiley & Sons, New York.
Warwick WF. 1990. Morphological deformities in Chironomidae (Diptera) larvae from the Lac St. Louis and Laprairie Basins of the St. Lawrence River. Journal of Great Lakes Research 16, 185–208.
Warwick WF. 1992. The effect of trophic/contaminant interactions on chironomid community structure and succession (Diptera: Chironomidae). Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 26(2-4), 563-575.
Warwick WF, Tisdale NA. 1988. Morphological deformities in Chironomus, Cryptochironomus, and Procladius larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) from two differentially stressed sites in Tobin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 45, 1123-1144.
Wise RR, Pierstorff CA, Nelson SL, Bursek RM, Plude JL, McNello M, Hein J. 2001. Morphological deformities in Chironomus (Chironomidae: Diptera) larvae as indicators of pollution in Lake Winnebago, Wisconsin. Journal of Great Lakes Research 27(4), 503-509.
Weinstein JE. 2003. Influence of salinity on the bioaccumulation and photoinduced toxicity of fluoranthene to an estuarine shrimp and oligochaete. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 42, 359-366.