Causes of Dalbergia sissoo Dieback in Dargai Forest Subdivision, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/05/2018
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Causes of Dalbergia sissoo Dieback in Dargai Forest Subdivision, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Mohammad Nabi, Panyue Zhang, Juma Muhammad, Sajjad Saeed, Adnan Ahmad, Muhammad Amir, Alamgir Khan, Lou Jing, Muhammad Zubair,Tao Xue
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 5), 173-179, May 2018.
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Dalbergia sissoo (Shashim) is an important multipurpose planted tree species in Pakistan. However, Shashim Dieback is a common problem with the species. Here this study explored the effect of   Dieback in Dargai forest subdivision, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan using field inventory. The results showed that the Dargai forest subdivision was too much affected by Dieback. Among the different plantation sites, the Abazai canal side was severely affected (69%) as compared to the other sites. The fewer infestations were found in Pirsaddo Disty. The mature Dalbergia sissoo crop was severely affected by the disease as compared to the young plantation. The results showed that insect, termite and some species of fungi were responsible for the Dieback of the tree. Especially two species of fungi (Fuserium soloni and Ganoderma lucidium) were responsible for the Dieback disease. Furthermore, the present findings reveled that .,  show temperature have no obvious effect on the severity of the Dieback but the low amount of precipitation  and deep water table were the prominent climatic factor for the disease.


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