Cell free DNA – A novel biomarker in the field of oncology: A comparative account in the cancer patients and healthy residents of Karachi city
Anile M, Chiappetta C, Diso D, Liparulo V, Leopizzi M, Rocca CD, Venuta F. 2014. Influence of lung parenchyma surgical manipulation on circulating free DNA. Journal of Circulating Biomarkers 3, 1-5.
Anker P, Mulcahy H, Chen X, Stroun M. 1999. Detection of circulating tumour DNA in the blood (Plasma/serum) of cancer patients. Cancer and Metastasis Reviews 18, 65-73.
Ausubel F, Brent R, Kingston R, Moore D, Seidman JG, Smith J, Struhl K. 1995. Short Pro-tocols in Molecular Biology, 3rd Ed. Unit 2.1, page 2-3.
Breitbach S, Tug S, Simon P. 2012. Circulating cell-free DNA: An upcoming molecular marker in exercise physiology. Sports Medicine 42, 565-586.
Cabral REC, Neto JBC, Carvalho MGC. 2010. Circulating DNA as a biomarker for early detection of cancer. A Brief update with an Emphasis on Lung Cancer. The Open Lung Cancer Journal 3, 38-44.
Catarino R, Coelho A, Medeiros R. 2012. Circulating DNA and NSCLC: old findings with new perspectives. Journal of Thoracic Disease 4, 442-443.
Ellinger J, Bastian PJ. 2010. Cell-Free DNA: A novel biomarker for patients with prostate cancer. The Open Prostate Cancer Journal 3, 57-62.
Elshimali YI, Khaddour H, Sarkissyan M, Wu Y, Vadgama JV. 2013. The clinical utilization of circulating cell free DNA (CCFDNA) in blood of cancer patients. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 14, 18925-18958.
Gonzalez-Masia JA, Garcia-Olmo D, Garcia-Olmo DC. 2013. Circulating nucleic acids in plasma and serum: applications in oncology. Oncology Targets and Therapy 6, 819-832.
Jahr S, Hentze H, Englisch S, Hardt D, Fackelmayer FO, Hesch R, Knippers R. 2001. DNA fragments in the blood plasma of cancer patients: Quantitations and evidence for their origin from apoptotic and necrotic cells. Cancer Research 61, 1659-1665.
Lee TH, Montalvo L, Chrebtow V, Busch MP. 2001. Quantitation of genomic DNA in plasma and serum samples: Higher concentrations of genomic DNA found in serum than in plasma. Transfusion 41, 276-282.
Leon SA, Shapiro B, Sklaroff DM, Yaros MJ. 1977. Free DNA in the serum of cancer patients and the effect of therapy. Cancer Research 37, 646-50.
Nagata S, Hanayama R, Kawane K. 2010. Autoimmunity and the clearance of dead cells. Cell 140, 619-630.
Nalini R, Delphine Silvia CRW, Uthappa S. 2008. Utility of blood DNA levels in diagnosis of breast cancer. Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics 4, 57-59.
Park JL, Kim HJ, Choi BY, Lee HC, Jang HR, Song KS et al. 2012. Quantitative analysis of cell-free DNA in the plasma of gastric cancer patients. Oncology Letters 3, 921-926.
Rodrigo MC, Martin DS, Redetzke RA, Eyster EM. 2002. A method for the extraction of high-quality RNA and protein from single small samples of arteries and veins preserved in RNA later. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 47, 87-92.
Schwarzenbach H, Hoon DS, Pantel K. 2011. Cell-free nucleic acids as biomarkers in cancer patients. Nature Reviews Cancer 11, 426-437.
Sorenson GD, Pribish DM, Valone FH, Memoli VA, Bzik DJ, Yao SL. 1994. Soluble normal and mutated DNA sequences from single-copy genes in human blood. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 3, 67-71.
Tabak B, O’Day SJ, Hoon DSB. 2004. Quantification of circulating DNA in the plasma and serum of cancer patients. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1022, 17-24.
Tong Y, Dennis Lo YM. 2005. Diagnostic developments involving cell-free (circulating) nucleic acids. Clinica Chimica Acta 363, 187-196.
Vasioukhin V, Anker P, Maurice P, Lyautey J, Lederrey C, Stroun M. 1994. Point mutations of the N-ras gene in the blood plasma DNA of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myelogenous leukaemia. British Journal of Haematology 86, 774-9.
Wagner J. 2012. Free DNA–new potential analyte in clinical laboratory diagnostics? Biochemical Medicine (Zagreb) 22, 24-38.
Ziegler A, Zangemeister-Wittke U, Stahel RA. 2002. Circulating DNA: a new diagnostic gold mine. Cancer Treatment and Reviews 28, 255-271.