Change in the population dynamics of spiders with the seasonal variations in the Sugarcane fields

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2017
Views (332) Download (15)

Change in the population dynamics of spiders with the seasonal variations in the Sugarcane fields

Muhammad Saleem Khan, Muhammad Wajid, Tanwir Ahmad Abbas, Zahid Farooq, Muhammad Saleem Akhtar, Mujahid Kaleem, Sidra Saeed, Azam Khan
J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 4), 156-162, April 2017.
Certificate: JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


In the present study, spider diversity and seasonal variation in the population dynamics was studied. A total of 192 specimens were recorded from the sugarcane fields located in the district Faisalabad (habitat-1). These specimens belong to 21 species, 10 genera and 6 families. In district Okara (habitat-2),a total of 164 specimens belong to 23 species, 11 genera and 7 families. The pitfall trapping methods was used for capturing from July through December. Maximum spider diversity was recorded in the month of August due to maximum humidity (65-70%) and temperature (35°C) suitable for the breeding of mature spiders. Lycosidae being active predator of pests was found most abundant in both studied habitats with 59.38% in Habitat-1 and 60.37% in the habitat-2. Salticidae was the second most abundant family in the both habitats. Oxypidae was considered least abundant and only one species was recorded from habitat-2. Ecological parameters including Species Richness (R), Shannon Diversity Index (H), Palou’s Evenness Index (E), and Simpson Diversity Index (D) were 27.75±2.56, 2.62± 0.23, and 0.94±0.04, 0.92±0.03 respectively for habitat-1 and 23.28±0.91,2.75±0.50, 0.91±0.071, 0.93±0.06 respectively for habitat-2. It was concluded the spiders are the predominant creatures in the sugarcane. If we recognize the feeding preference of individuals family, they could be successfully use in the agro-ecosystem for controlling the pest species.


Bale J, Van Lenteren J, Bigler F. 2008. Biological control and sustainable food production. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 363(1492), 761-776.

Barrion A, Litsinger J. 1995. Riceland spiders of south and Southeast Asia: Int. Rice Res Inst.

Bukhari M, Naeem MM. 2012. Occurrence and Distribution of Araneid Fauna Trapped from Cotton Fields of District Faisalabad, Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal19(5), 714-718.

Butt A, Sherawat SM. 2012. Effect of different agricultural practices on spiders and their prey populations in small wheat fields. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science 62(4), 374-382.

Clifford HT, Stephenson W. 1975. An introduction to numerical classification (Vol. 229), Academic Press New York.

Foelix R. (1996). Biology of spiders 2nd edn: New York: Oxford University Press.

Ghafoor A, Khan MS, Mahmood A, Ahmad F, Hassan M, Anees A. 2011. Resistance status of Helicoverpa armigera (Hub) against mixture of Profenofos and Indoxacarb (1: 1) insecticides at Faisalabad, Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal 13(1), 90-94.

Ghafoor A, Mohmood A. 2011. Population dynamics of the araneid fauna from district Gujranwala, Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 21(4), 812-816.

Ghafoor A, Saba I, Khan M, Farooq H, Amjad I. 2011. Predatory potential of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri for Cotton Mealybug under laboratory conditions. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 21(1), 90-93.

Hooks CR, Pandey RR, Johnson MW. 2003. Impact of avian and arthropod predation on lepidopteran caterpillar densities and plant productivity in an ephemeral agroecosystem. Ecological Entomology 28(5), 522-532.

Hore U, Uniyal V. 2008. Diversity and composition of spider assemblages in five vegetation types of the Terai Conservation Area, India. Journal of Arachnology 36(2), 251-258.

Jeyaparvathi S, Baskaran S, Bakavathiappan G. 2013. Biological control potential of spiders on the selected cotton pests. International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences 4(4).

Khan MS, Asghar MS, Maqsood I, Bukhari M, Han L, Li-jie T, Yi-jing L, Shahla A, Khalil U. 2015. Laboratory Observations Regarding Different Instars of Cyclosa insulana (Costa, 1834)(Araneidae) During Developmental Stages. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) 22(2), 52-59.

Khan MS, Quershi NA, Khan MU, Jabeen F, – MS, Asghar AUMS. 2016. Mortality response of wheat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi) against most commonly used insecticides in Pakistan. International Journal of Biosciences 8(2), 1-08.

Khan SZ, Arif MJ, Hoddle CD, Hoddle MS. 2014. Phenology of Asian Citrus Psyllid (Hemiptera: Liviidae) and Associated Parasitoids on Two Species of Citrus, Kinnow Mandarin and Sweet Orange, in Punjab Pakistan. Environmental Entomology 43(5), 1145-1156.

Khuhro R, A. Ghafoor, A. Mahmood MSK, S. Andleeb, M. Bukhari, I. Maqsood, Shahjahan MM, Baloch NA. 2012. Impact of Temperature and Relative humidity on Population abundance of Predatory spiders in Cotton fields. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22(3), 649-652.

Maqsood I, Mohsin S B, Li Yi-jing, Tang Li-jie, Khan MS, KUR, Shahla A, Bukhari A, Jamal SS. 2016. Abundance and Fluctuation in Spider Diversity in Citrus Fruits from Located in Vicinity of Faisalabad Pakistan. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) 23(2), 59-64.

Marchetti MF. 2014. The effects of a glyphosate- based herbicide (Roundup®) and temperature on the foraging of the wolf spider Pardosa milvina (Araneae: Lycosidae). Miami University.

Mohsin SB, Li Yi-jing TL-j, Maqsood I, Ting Ma-sun, Han Le-meng, Khalil U R, Andleeb S, Muhammad S K, A SM. 2015. Predatory Efficacy of Cotton Inhabiting Spiders on Bemisia tabaci, Amrasca devastans, Thrips tabaci and Helicoverpa armigera in Laboratory Conditions. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) 22(3), 48-53.

Penney D. 2013. Spider Research in the 21st Century: Trends and Perspectives: Siri Scientific Press.

Pielou EC. 1966. Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession. Journal of theoretical biology 10(2), 370-383.

Platnick NI. (2015). The World Spider Catalog.

Rodrigues L, Mendonça JR MD, Ott R. 2009. Spider diversity in a rice agroecosystem and adjacent areas in southern Brazil. Revista Colombiana de Entomología 35(1), 89-97.

Sherawat SM, Butt A. 2014. Role of Hunting Spiders in Suppression of Wheat Aphid. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 46(2), 309-315.

Simpson EH. 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature.

Tahir HM, Butt A, Naheed R, Bilal M, Alam I. 2011. Activity density of spiders inhabiting the citrus field in Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 43(4), 683-688.

Tahir HM, Nazarat I, Naseem S, Butt A, Yaqoob R, Mukhtar MK, Samiullah K. 2015. Seasonal dynamics of spiders and insect pests in citrus orchards of district Sargodha, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 47(6), 1673-1681.

Tikader B, Malhotra M. 1980. Lycosidae (wolf-spiders), The Fauna of India. Araneae. Vol-1, Part 2: Delhi: Manager of Publications, Government of India.

Tikader BK, Biswas B. 1981. Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity: Controller of Publications.