Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Changes in morphology and grain yield of maize in response to seed aging and priming

Research Paper | March 1, 2017

| Download 6

Kazem Ghassemi-Golezani, Sohrab Mamnabi

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 3), 134-138, March 2017


JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Seeds of maize (cv. SC AR68) were divided into three sub-samples, one of which was kept as high vigor seed lot (A1) and two others were artificially aged. Each seed sample was then divided into four sub-samples, one of which was not primed and the other three samples were primed in distilled water for 7, 14 and 21 h, and then dried back to initial moisture content. The field experiment was laid out as factorial based on RCB design with three replications. Plant height, ear length, ear diameter and grains per ear of plants from aged seeds were decreased by seed aging, leading to significant reduction in grain yield per unit area. However, these traits particularly plant height and ear length were enhanced by hydro-priming of seeds for 21 h, improving grain yield of maize by about 32%. These results suggest that hydro-priming for 21 h is a useful technique for repairing seed aging and improving plant morphology and grain yield of maize.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Changes in morphology and grain yield of maize in response to seed aging and priming

Al Najjar R, Shehab S, Al Lahab G, Wannous A, Al Ahmad S, Al Henish T. 2015. Path coefficient and correlation of some morphological and yield components traits of maize (Zea mays L.). Syrian Journal of Agricultural Research 3, 122-132.

Basra SMA, Afzal I, Rashid AR, Farooq M. 2005. Pre-sowing seed treatment to improve germination and seedling growth in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). I Cadernode Pesquisa Ser. Bio., Santa Cruz de SuI 17, 155-164.

Bekric V, Radosavljevic M. 2008. Savremeni pristupi upotrebe kukuruza. PTEP 12, 93-96.

Biabani A, Boggs LC, Katozi M, Sabouri H. 2011. Effects of seed deterioration and inoculation with Mesorhizobiumciceri on yield and plant performance of chickpea. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5, 66-70.

Dalil B, Ghassemi-Golezani K, Moghaddam M, Raey Y. 2010. Effects of seed viability and water supply on leaf chlorophyll content and grain yield of maize (Zea mays). Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 8, 399-402.

Ghassemi-GolezanI K, Dalil B, Moghaddam M, Raey Y. 2011. Field performance of differentially deteriorated deed lots of maize (Zea mays) under different irrigation treatments. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 39, 160-163.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchi A. 2013. Influence of hydro-priming on reserve utilization of differentially aged chickpea seeds. seed technology 35, 117-124.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Hossinzadeh-Mahootchy A. 2009. Changes in seed vigor of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivars during development and maturity. Seed Science and Technology 37, 713-720.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Hossseinzadeh-Mahootchy A, Zehtab-Salmasi S, Tourchi M. 2012. Improving field performance of aged chickpea seeds by hydro-priming under water stress. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 2, 168-176.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Khomari S, Dalil B, Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchy A, Chadordooz Jeddi A. 2010. Effects of seed aging on field performance of winter oilseed rape. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 8, 175-178.

Harris D, Joshi AJ, Khan PA, Gothkar P, Sodhi PS. 1999. On-farm seed priming in semi-arid agriculture: Development and evaluation in maize, rice and chickpea in India using participatory methods. Experimental Agriculture 35, 15-29.

Harris D, Raghuwenshi BS, Gangwar JS, Singh SC, Joshi KB, Rashid A, Hollington PA. 2001. Experimental Agriculture 37, 403-415.

Harris PA, Hollington-Rashid AD, Khattak RA. 2002a. On-farm seed priming: A key technology for improving the livelihoods of resource poor farmers on saline lands. In: Ahmad R, Malik KA. Eds. Prospects for saline Agriculture, Kluwer Acad Pub. The Netherlands, p. 423-431.

Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchi A, Ghassemi-Golezani K, Zehtab-Salmasi S, Tourchi M. 2013. Influence of seed invigoration and water supply on morpho physiological traits of chickpea. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4, 782-786.

Hosseinzadeh-Mahootchi A, Ghassemi-Golezani K. 2013. The impact of seed priming and aging on physiological performance of chickpea under different irrigation treatments. Plant Breeding and Seed Science 67, 13-25.

ISTA. 2010. International rules for seed testing. International Seed Testing Association, Bassersdorf Switzerland.

Khan MM, Iqbal MJ, Abbas M, Usman M. 2003. Effect of accelerated ageing on viability, vigor and chromosomal damage in pea (Pisum sativum L.) seeds. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 40, 50-54.

Koehler KH, Voigt B, Spittler H, Schelenz M. 1997. Biochemical events after priming and priming of seeds. In: Ellis RH, Black M, Murdoch AJ, Hong TD. Eds. Basic and Applied Aspects of seed Biology. Workshop on Seeds, Reading, p. 531-536.

Mc Donald MB. 1999. Seed deterioration: physiology, repair and assessment. Seed Science and Technology 27, 177-237.

Roberts EH, Ellis RH. 1982. Physiological, ultra structural and metabolic aspects of seed viability. In: Khan AA, Eds. The physiology and biochemistry of seed development: dormancy and germination. Elsevier, Amsterdam p. 465-485.

Shakeel A, Ehsanullah A, Ashraf U, Tanveer M, Qamar R, Khan I. 2014. Morphological and phenological attributes of maize affected by different tillage practices and varied sowing methods. American Journal of Plant Sciences 5, 1657-1664.

Van Zutphen H, Cornwell DG. 1973. Some studies on lipid peroxidation in monomolecular and bio molecular lipid films. The Journal of membrane biology 13, 79-88.

Yaghoubian I, Raei R, Ghassemi-Golezani K. 2016. Influence of hydro-priming duration on morpho-physiological traits of milk thistle under water stress. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 9, 177-184.