Int. J. Biosci.12( 4), 43-54, April 2018
During this study we have determine the effect of salt stress on the growth and biochemical parameters of plants. To do so, two tomato varieties were studied: Rio Grande and Heinz which differ in their origins and their adapting behaviour to abiotic stress. The two ecotypes originated from America. In order to select tomato genotypes that are more tolerant to salinity, an experiment was carried out and repeated three times. The salinity stress factor comprised two genotypes and three levels of salinity stress. The percentage of the dry and fresh matter and the stem length, the length of both young and old leaves, decreases with the rise in salinity in the two varieties with a slighter decrease in the Rio Grande variety compared to that of the Heinz. The foliar surface was more affected by salinity in the Rio Grande compared to the Heinz. Likewise, the contents in proline increased significantly more in the Heinz than in the Rio Grande. The results also show that the content of proteins is smaller in Rio Grande than in Heinz. These results seem to show that the Rio Grande variety studied is more sensitive to salinity within the tested limits than the Heinz variety. Static analyses show there is difference significant between salinity and the two varieties and between the vegetative and biochemical parameters, for the test of Fisher.
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