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Characterization and bio modeling of weeds for industrial waste management of selected heavy metals

Research Paper | February 1, 2021

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Zubia Rahim, Arshad Iqbal, Romana Sarwar

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Int. J. Biosci.18( 2), 89-102, February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.2.89-102


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Phytoremediation is an emerging field used to clean the environment from toxic metals. This study was conducted to analyze twenty plants, water and soil samples for the presence of heavy metals (Fe, Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd and Zn) from four industries of G.I.E, Swabi, KPK, Pakistan. Based on their phytoremediation potential, plants were categorized into groups like HA, PE PS based on BCF, TF and BAC. The results declared that E. heliscopica is categorized as PE for all metals. C. sativa is HA and PE for Fe, PE for Pb, Cd and Cu while PS for Cr. T. latifolia is HA and PE for Fe, PS for Pb, PE for Cr, Zn and Cu. C. chinesis is PE for Pb, Cd, Cr, Zn while HA and PE for Fe. S.babylonica and S. cinerea are HA and PE for Fe while PE in Pb and Zn. S. cinerea is HA and PE for Fe. E. charchaias are HA for Fe while PE for Pb, Cr, Zn and Cu. A. annua is PE and PS for Fe, while PE for Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu. Another plant species, M. alba is PE for Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn while the only plant to be PS for Fe. A. viridis and G. coronaria are PS for Fe, Pb, Cu while PE for Cd, Cr and Zn. D. sanguinalis is PE for Cd and Zn while PS for Cu. E. heracifolia, J. integrrina, P. somniferum and T. officinale act as PE for Cd, Zn.


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Characterization and bio modeling of weeds for industrial waste management of selected heavy metals

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