Characterization of environmental conditions conducive for stripe rust epidemic on wheat

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2020
Views (280) Download (16)

Characterization of environmental conditions conducive for stripe rust epidemic on wheat

Yasir Ali, Muhammad Aslam Khan, Hafiz Muhammad Aatif, Aqib Javed, Muhammad Ijaz, Muhammad Bashair, Azhar Abbas Khan, Muhammad Zeeshan Mansha, Khizar Razzaq
Int. J. Biosci.17( 5), 75-84, November 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


In the present study, different wheat varieties were evaluated for stripe rust resistance against local pathotypes under natural environmental conditions of district Layyah. The relationship of meteorological variables viz. maximum and minimum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity and wind speed with leaf rust severity on different genotypes were determined through Pearson correlation and simple linear regression analysis. Results demonstrated that only one genotype Punjab-11 was resistant with 85.75 AUDPC value. The three varieties Millat-11, V-2 and V-5 indicated moderately resistant whereas, Galaxy-13 showed moderately resistant to moderately susceptible response against disease development with high to moderate AUDPC values. All meteorological variables showed a significant relationship with stripe rust severity. Maximum disease severity was recorded at maximum and minimum temperatures ranging from 20-26 and 12.5-16.5 ℃, respectively. The relative humidity, rainfall and wind speed proved most conductive for stripe rust development in the range of 55-70 %, 5-15 mm, 4.5-10.9 Km/h, respectively. It was concluded that all meteorological variables were significantly contributed to the stripe rust disease development in the district Layyah.


Afzal SN, Haque I, Ahmedani MS, Munir M, Firdous SS, Rauf A, Fayyaz M. 2009. Resistance potential of wheat germplasm (Triticum aestivum L.) against stripe rust disease under rainfed climate of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41(3), 1463–1475.

Ali Y, Iqbal S, Iqbal Z, Abbas G, Ahmad S, Sajid M, Sabir W. 2017a. Characterization of Environmental Factors for the Prediction of Leaf Rust of Wheat in Sargodha. Advances in zoology and botany 5, 11–16.

Ali Y, Khan MA, Atiq M, Sabir W, Hafeez A, Tahir FA. 2017b. Optimization of environmental factors conducive for stripe Rust of wheat. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 29(2), 239–245.

Ali Y, Khan MA, Atiq M, Hussain M. 2018. Novel gene pyramiding to combat rusts in global wheat varieties against prevalent virulence: a review. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 34(4), 797–810.

Ali Y, Khan MA, Hussain M, Atiq M, Ahmad JN. 2019. Achieving near immunity durable-type resistance against rusts in advance wheat lines by combining race non-specific resistance genes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2, 251–258.

Ali Y, Khan MA, Hussain M, Sabir W, Atiq M, Aatif HM, Ahmad S, Ijaz M, Ahmad JN. 2020. Virulence analysis of leaf and stripe rust populations in Pakistan through avirulence to virulence formula. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 1, 1–12.

Chen X, Kang Z. 2017. Introduction: history of research, symptoms, taxonomy of the pathogen, host range, distribution, and impact of stripe rust. In Stripe Rust (p 1-33). Springer, Dordrecht.

Ehsan-ul-Haq MAS, Khan MA, Niaz M. 2003. Screening of Wheat Varieties to Stripe Rust (Puccinia striformis) in the Field. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 2(8), 613–615.

El Jarroudi M, Kouadio L, Delfosse P, Tychon B. 2014. Brown rust disease control in winter wheat: I. Exploring an approach for disease progression based on night weather conditions. Environmental science and Pollution Research 21(7), 4797–4808.

Figueroa M, Hammond‐Kosack KE, Solomon PS. 2018. A review of wheat diseases-a field perspective. Molecular plant pathology 19(6), 1523–1536.

GOP. 2017-18. Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan (2017-18), Government of Pakistan (GOP). Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Economic Wing), Islamabad.

He C, Zhang Y, Zhou W, Guo Q, Bai B, Shen S, Huang G. 2019. Study on stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) effect on grain filling and seed morphology building of special winter wheat germplasm Huixianhong. PloS one 14(5), 1–13.

Javaid MM, Zulkiffal M, Ali Y, Mehmood A, Ahmed J, Hussain M, Muhammad F, Sabir W, Tanveer MH, Yasin O. 2018. Impact of environmental and pathogenic variability on breaking of host rust resistance in wheat cultivars under changing climatic conditions. Advances in Zoology and Botany 6(1), 31–40.

Khizar R, Abdul R, Alam MW, Saira M, Romana A, Farooq A, Sundas H, Yasir A, Zeshan A, Owais Y.  2018. Genetic diversity of wheat hybrid lines against leaf rust of wheat in relation to epidemiological factors.  International Journal Biosciences 13(2), 18–27.

Lodhi SSUD, John P, Bux H, Kazi AM, Gul A. 2018. Resistance potential of Pakistani wheat landraces (Triticum aestivum L.) against stripe rust (Puccinia striformis) and karnal bunt (Tilletia indica). Pakistan Journal of Botany 50(2), 801–806.

Lyon B, Broders K. 2017. Impact of climate change and race evolution on the epidemiology and ecology of stripe rust in central and eastern USA and Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 39(4), 385–392.

Milus EA, Kristensen K, Hovmoller MS. 2009. Evidence for Increased Aggressiveness in a Recent Widespread Strain of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici Causing Stripe Rust of Wheat. Phytopathology 99, 89–94.

Khan MA. 1998.  Relationship of environmental conditions with leaf and stripe rusts on wheat. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Sciences 35, 1–4.

Rapilly F, Fournet J, Skajennikoff M. 1970. Etudes sur l’epidemiologie et la biologie de la rouille jaune du ble Puccinia striiformis Westend. Annales de phytopathologie.

Raza W, Ghazanfar MU, Rehman AU, Fayyaz M. 2018. Screening of wheat germplasm against stripe rust disease under field conditions in Pakistan. Plant Protection 2(3), 87–92.

Roelf AP, Singh RP, Saari EE. 1992. Rust diseases of wheat: Concept and methods of disease management ‘Mexico’ D.F. CIMMYT, p 81.

Roelfs AP. 1992. Rustdiseasesofwheat: concepts and methods of disease management. Cimmyt, p 81.

Singh H, Kaur J, Bala R, Singh S, Pannu PPS. 2019. Assessment of yield losses due to stripe rust caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici on bread wheat cultivars in Punjab. Agricultural Research Journal 56(4), 698–702.

STAT F. 2015. Production Statistics. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Stubbs RW, Prescott JM, Suari EE, Dubin HJ. 1986. Cereal Disease Methodology Manual. Centro International de Maize by trig (CIMMVT), Mexico.

Zadoks J. 1972. Methodology of epidemiological research.” Annual Review of Phytopathology 10(1), 253–276.