Characterization of monitor lizard meat uses for food security and nutrition in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast

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Research Paper 01/03/2021
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Characterization of monitor lizard meat uses for food security and nutrition in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast

UP Tougan, M Ouedraogo, RRA Assa, G Mabossy-Mobouna, F Malaisse, EL Bomisso, M Cherif, GA Mensah6, AI Domingo, F Hongbete, A Théwis
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.18( 3), 33-45, March 2021.
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Lizards (Varanidae) are a group of bushmeat consumed and sold in most markets in West Africa and is purchased in preference to domestic animals. The present study aims in general to characterize their uses. Therefore, 361 informants were surveyed in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast. It appears that the species of monitor lizards met in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast are: Varanus exanthematicus and V. niloticus with a pdominanc of Varanus exanthematicus (P<0.001). The preparation forms of the meat reported are: boiling of the fresh meat, the smoking, the braising and the frying. The distribution of sauces and dishes prepared using monitor lizard (Varanus sp.) meat by country (Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast) using Correspondence Factorial Analysis showed three groups (Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast). The first axis explains 54.1% of the variations while the second axis explains 45.9% of the variations. Benin is characterized by the lizard meat sauces and dishes named kalalou sauce, sesame sauce, palm nut sauce, vegetable sauce, peanut seed sauce and grilled meat. The Ivory Coast is characterized by the okra sauce, Gnanagnan sauce, Kedjenou Sauce, tomato sauce, Gouagouasoup sauce, Biokosoe dish and palm nut sauce. The Burkina Faso is characterized by the smoked lizard meat sauce, a soup, Piapia yangoila sauce, Soumbala sauce, peanut sauce and sorrel sauce. The cash incomes from monitor lizard trade provide an important contribution that complements the diverse livelihood strategies within a household for food security in Benin, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast.


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