Characterization of populations Bruchidius atrolineatus (Coleoptera-Bruchinae) grown from varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata Walp) through phylogenetic analysis

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Research Paper 01/06/2021
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Characterization of populations Bruchidius atrolineatus (Coleoptera-Bruchinae) grown from varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata Walp) through phylogenetic analysis

D.A. Moumouni, A. Doumma, M. Sembene
Int. J. Biosci.18( 6), 82-91, June 2021.
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Callobruchus maculatus and Bruchidius atrolineatus Peak are the two main pests of seeds of cowpea in the Sahel. The attacks start in the field and continue during storage where the damage can be considerable. During this study, several aspects concerning the phylogeny of Bruchidius atrolineatus were examined. Sampling was done in Niger and genetic analysis at IRD bel air Dakar. The mitochondrial marker (cytochrome B) was used. The results obtained showed that, by comparing the genetic differentiation pairs (Fst per pair), all populations are close to each other. Nearly 90% of the observed genetic variation is due to variation in the group (Variety) that was formed. So, there is no significant difference between individuals from the varieties tested. The consequence is that the population of B. atrolineatus appears to form a homogeneous genetic unit. These data constitute important biological information for researchers, agricultural technical services and other structures for the implementation of method strategies for the control of this pest.


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