Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2021

VIEWS 5
| Download 9

Checklist, conservation status and health status assessment via total photosynthetic pigment contents of plants found at the Akwa Ibom State University Botanical Garden, Nigeria

Okon G. Okon, Joseph E. Okon, Sunday M. Sam, Lovina I. Udoh, Felix E. Udoh

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.19(6), 20-29, December 2021

Certification:

JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This research aimed at providing a checklist of plants found at the Akwa Ibom State University (AKSU) Botanical Garden, their conservation status and physiological health status via total photosynthetic pigment (TPP) assessment. A total of about 98 plant species was recorded, family Euphorbiaceae recording the highest number of species (8), Fabaceae (7), Asteraceae (6), Rubiaceae and Malvaceae (5), 3 families recorded 4 species each, 2 families had 3 species each, 8 families recorded 2 species each, while 32 families recorded 1 species each. Herbs had the highest frequency with 35.71%, trees (29.59%), shrubs (21.43%) and climbers recorded the lowest (13.27%). Conservation status check revealed that 52.04% of the plants found in AKSU Botanical Garden are rated data deficient/unranked by the IUCN, while 42.86% are rated least concern/secure-low risk, 4.08% (near threatened) and 1.02% (vulnerable). Tree species recorded the highest total photosynthetic pigment contents mostly; as observed in Dacryodes edulis (76.93±1.13mg/g), Ananas comosus (74.33±0.47), Pentaclethra macrophylla (74.30±1.76), Clorophytum comosum (70.97±0.86), Elaeis guineensis (70.60±0.79), Garcinia spicata (70.43±1.65) and Anthonatha macrophylla (70.12±0.44). The lowest TPP contents was observed in mostly climbers and herbs as observed in Euphorbia tirucalli (2.43±0.92mg/g), Pteridium aquilinum (17.53±3.96), Selaginella myosorus (22.60±5.56), Samanea saman (23.23±2.40), Ageratum houstonianum (32.70±1.11), Aspilia africana (36.10±6.65), Icacina trichantha (36.30±4.25), Sphagneticola trilobata (37.13±2.63). Considering the wide economic usage and value of the plants found in the study area, it is imperative that proper measures be taken to protect vulnerable species or those at low risk which are fast decreasing or becoming threatened.

VIEWS 5

Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Checklist, conservation status and health status assessment via total photosynthetic pigment contents of plants found at the Akwa Ibom State University Botanical Garden, Nigeria

AbdulRahaman AA, Fajemiroye OJ, Oladele FA. 2006. Ethnobotanical study of economic trees: Uses of trees as timbers and fuelwoods in Ilorin-Emirate of Kwara State, Nigeria. Ethnobotanical leaflets 10, 113-120.

Alamu LO, Agbeja BO. 2011. Deforestation and endangered indigenous tree species in South-West Nigeria. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 3(7), 291 297.

Chen M. 2014. Chlorophyll modifications and their spectral extension in oxygenic photosynthesis. Annual Review of Biochemistry 83, 317-340.

Croft H, Chen J, Noland T. 2014. Stand age effects on Boreal forest physiology using a long time-series of satellite data. Forest Ecology and Management      328, 202-208.

Dalziel JM. 1937. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa: Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, London 612pp.

Elsiddig EA. 2003. The importance of trees and forests for local communities in dry lands of Sub-Saharan Africa. Proceedings of the VITRI/ETFRN /IUFRO-SIDO Workshop, June 30-July 4, 2003, Finland pp. 15.

Esteban R, Barrutia O, Artetxe U, Ferna´ndez-Marı´n B, Herna´ndez A, Garcı´a-Plazaola JI. 2015. Internal and external factors affecting photosynthetic pigment composition in plants: A meta-analytical approach. New Phytologist 206, 268-280.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1994. Forest products consumption study in Sudan. FAO Publication, Forest Handbooks for Genebanks, Kew Press, London 152pp.

Gitelson A, Merzlyak MN. 1994. Spectral relfectance changes associated with autumn senescence of Aesculus hippocastanum L. and Acer platanoides L. leaves. Spectral features and relation to chlorophyll estimation. Journal of Plant Physiology 143, 286-292.

Hutchinson J, Daziel JM. 1958. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Volume 1, Part 2. Crown Agents for Overseas Government and Administrations, Millbank, London 828pp.

International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 2021. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved from: www.iucnredlist.org.

Kabiru Y. 2008. Nigeria’s Forest to disappear by 2020. African Conservation foundation. Network news report.

Kastori R. 1995. Fiziologija biljaka. Novi Sad: Feljton.

Lichtenthaler HK, Babani F. 2004. Light Adaptation and Senescence of the Photosynthetic Apparatus: Changes in Pigment Composition, Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters and Photosynthetic Activity. In Papageorgiu E & G.C. Govindjee (Eds.), Chlorophyll a Fluorescence: A Signature of Photosynthesis pp. 713-736. Dordrecht. The Netherlands: Springer.

Milivojević DB, Nikolić BR. 1998. Effects of diquat on pigment-protein complexes of thylakoid membranes in soybean and maize plants. Biologia Plantarum 41(4), 597-600.

Nikolić B. 1997. Uticaj herbicida metribuzina, linurona I dikvata na sadržaj fotosintetskih pigmenata lista soje (Glycine max. Merr.). Beograd: Biološki fakultet. Magistarski rad (M.Sc. thesis).

Nodza IG, Abdulhameed A, Abdullahi MB. 2013. A Checklist and Ethnobotanical Assessement of Trees Species of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU) Yelwa Campus Bauchi, Nigeria. International Journal of Botany 9(2), 55-63.

Nodza IG, Onuminya TO, Ogundipe OT. 2014. A Checklist of Tree Species Growing on Akoka Campus of University of Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology 3(3), 1021-1034.

Pavlović D. 2005. Određivanje rezistencije korova prema herbicidima-inhibitorima fotosinteze. Beograd: Poljoprivredni fakultet. Magistarska teza (M.Sc. thesis).

Pen˜uelas J, Filella I. 1998. Visible and near-infrared reflectance techniques for diagnosing plant physiological status. Trends in Plant Science 3, 151-156.

Sampson PH, Zarco-Tejada PJ, Mohammed GH, Miller JR, Noland TL. 2003. Hyperspectral remote sensing of forest condition: Estimating chlorophyll content in tolerant hardwoods. Forest Science 49, 381-391.

Sikolia SF, Omondi S. 2017. Checklist of plants in the University Botanic Garden of Maseno and their significances to the society. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 2(1), 27-49.

Sofowora EA. 1982. Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine in Africa. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Sofowora EA. 1984. Medicinal Plant and Traditional Medicines in Africa. University of Ife Press, Nigeria pp: 1-20.

Sommer V, Ross C. 2010. Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and Conservation in Nigeria’s Biodiversity Hotspot. Springer, New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9781441974020, Pages 534.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background