Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from leaves of Solenostemma argel

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2016
Views (351) Download (13)

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from leaves of Solenostemma argel

O. Chouitah, B. Meddah, A. Aoues, P. Sonnet
Int. J. Biosci.9( 6), 360-365, December 2016.
Certificate: IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


This study describes the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of the fruit ofSolenostemma argel growing in Ain fares   Mascara region. This plant is very used in Algeria and widely used by local people for its medicinal properties. We proposed to determine the physicochemical, organoleptic and chemical identification of these components. The chemical composition of the essential oil from Solenostemma argel L. leaves was analyzed by GC/GC-MS and resulted in the identification of 29 compounds. Other parameters such as refractive index, optical rotation; density, polar metric deviation; freezing point and Solubility in ethanol are also measured .100% of the total peak areas were identified. The main constituents of the essential oil were the hydrocarbon and oxygen compounds are: Thujone 43, 73%. trans-Sabinene hydrate 10.47% Eugenol 8.41%, 1.8-cineole 7.90% Limonene4.16-% à-PINENE, (-)-3,57%. The antimicrobial effect of Solenostemma argel essential oil “in vitro” condition was determined using the agar diffusion method and it was found that it was active   which may find its application in future research for the food and pharmaceutical industry.


Abd El-Hady EK, Hegazi AG, Atta N, EBay ML. Arı´aJose´Abad;Luis Miguel Bedoy; Paulina Bermejo. 2015. Essential Oils from the Asteraceae Family Active against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Complutense, Ciudad Spain, 45-47.

Bouzouita A, Nafti A, Chaabouni M, Lognay M, Marlier GC, Zghoulli S, Thonart PH. 2014. Chemical Composition of Solenostemma argel Oil from Tunis, 116-117.

Bakkali F, Averbeck S, Averbeck D, Idaomar M. 2008. Biological effects of essential oils., Review of  Food Chemistry and Toxicology 46, 446–475.

El-Kamali HH, Khalid SA. 1996. The most common herbal remedies in central Sudan. Firoterapia 4, 301-306. 7.

Hassan HA, Kame MS, Mohamed MH, Ohtan K, Yamasak K. 2000.  Monoterpene and pregame glucoside from Solenostemma argel. Phytochemistry 53, 937-940.

Hammiche V, Maiza K. 2006. Traditional medicine in Central Sahara: pharmacopoeia of Tassili N’ajjer. Journal of Ethnopharmacol. 105, 358-67.

Murwan K, Sanah EK, Murwa AM. 1998. Chemical composition, minerals, protein fractionation and antinutrition fraction in leaf of hargel plant (Solenostemma argel). Europienne Journal of science reaserch 2010; 43, 430-434.

NIST National Institute of Standard Library. 2002. The Perkin Eime Corporation. NCCLS. Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Wayne, Pennsylvania, USA, Twelfth International Supplement; M100-S12.

Tahraoui J, El-Hilaly, Israili ZH, Lyoussi B.  2007. Ethnopharmacological survey of plants used in the traditional treatment of hypertension and diabetes in south-eastern Morocco Original Research Article Journal of Ethnopharmacology, volume 110, Issue 1, March, 105-117.

Zuzarte M, Goncalves MJ, Anhoto JC, Salgueiro L. 2011.Antidermatophytic activity of essential oils. Communicating Current Research and Technological Advances 2, 43- 56.