Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. collected in two areas of Benin

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Research Paper 01/08/2012
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Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. collected in two areas of Benin

Guy Alain Alitonou, Philippe Sessou, Fidèle Paul Tchobo, Jean-Pierre Noudogbessi, Félicien Avlessi, Boniface Yehouenou, Chantal Menut, Pierre Villeneuve, Dominique Codjo Koko Sohounhloue
Int. J. Biosci.2( 8), 58-66, August 2012.
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Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves of three samples of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) growing in Benin were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. To date thebiological functions of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils have not been demonstrated scientifically. We investigated the chemical composition of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils and their antiradical antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. Twenty three compounds were identified and quantified in the oils. The essential oils are rich in hydrocarbons monoterpenic. The major compounds being a-terpinene (48.8%, 60.0%, 63.7%), ascaridole (19.7%, 13.8%, 11.7%), p-cymene (19.1%, 15.4%, 19.0%) and isoascaridole (2.5%, 1.6%, 0.7%). The antiradical and anti-inflammatory.

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