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Chemical composition of the essential oil of Verbascum songaricum from Iran

Maryam Soltaninejad, Mohammad Reza Akhgar

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(1), 345-349, July 2015

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Abstract

The essential oil of the aerial parts of Verbascum songaricum Schrenk. ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey., growing wild in Iran, was extracted by hydrodistillation method and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Eighteen components were identified in the essential oil of the plant, representing 97.8% of the total oil. The most abundant constituent of the oil was n-octane (61.2%), followed by n-decane (15.6%), n-dodecane (4.6%), 1-ethyl-3-methylcyclopentane (4.2%), and 6,10,14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone (3.2%). Consequently, aliphatic hydrocarbons (88.5%) were the major group of compounds in the essential oil of V. songaricum.

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Chemical composition of the essential oil of Verbascum songaricum from Iran

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