Chemotaxonomy of four varieties of Mentha longifolia L. using essential oil composition markers

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Research Paper 01/10/2014
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Chemotaxonomy of four varieties of Mentha longifolia L. using essential oil composition markers

Giti Barzin, Ali Mazooji, Fahimeh Salimpour
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 4), 172-176, October 2014.
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Abstract

Mentha longifolia L. is one of the most important medicinal plant of Mentha genus. Studies were carried out to evaluate the chemotaxonomic relationships of four varieties of this specious. The evaluate oils were isolated and analytical gas chromatography was done. After determining 51 components, cluster analysis were used to determine the chemotaxonomy relationships between varieties. Based on 14 major essential oil components two main clades were shown. M. longifolia var. chlorodyctia had the highest distance from other varieties. It seems that environmental factors such as soil, nutrition and weather have the most effective influence on chemical composition and M. longifolia var. chlorodyctia introduced the best chemotype for this species.

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