Chronic toxicity effects of cypermethrin on some hematological parameters of freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio

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Chronic toxicity effects of cypermethrin on some hematological parameters of freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio

Puja Boidya, Sumaiya Afrin, Md. Sherazul Islam
Int. J. Biosci.18( 5), 77-85, May 2021.
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The effects of an organophosphorus pesticide, cypermethrin, (10%EC) on hematological parameters of mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) were investigated in the present experiment. Two sub-lethal concentrations of cypermethrin 0.00143 (T1) and 0.00286 (T2) mg/L were estimated and the experimental fish mirror carp, Cyprinus carpio, was exposed sublethally for 28 days. In this study, the hematological parameters like total red blood cell (RBC) counts, hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cells (WBCs), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), packed cell volume (PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were considered to investigate the chronic effect using cypermethrin. During the experimental period, fish showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) in RBC counts, Hb, PCV when compared with controlled fish. On the other hand, WBCs and MCH were significantly (P<0.05) increased with the toxicity of cypermethrin in the last experimental days of exposure. On the 14th day of exposure to cypermethrin, MCV exhibits a significant increasing tendency at the concentration of 0.00286 mg/L but slight degeneration observed at 0.00143 mg/L of cypermethrin. When fish were exposed to both sublethal concentrations of cypermethrin, the value of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration was not significantly different on the 7th and 21st days of exposure but on the 14th and 28th days of exposure the values were significantly reduced. Growth parameters after 28 days showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) and increase of feed conversion ratio in all treatments compared with the control group. The present study revealed that the sublethal exposure of cypermethrin changes the hematological parameters of Cyprinus carpio as well as reduced growth parameters with increasing toxicity.


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