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Cladistics of Western Himalayan Artemisia L. (Anthemideae, Asteraceae) reconstructed on morphological traits

Sadia Malik, Muhammad Qasim Hayat

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Int. J. Biosci.14(1), 251-262, January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.251-262


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The large size and confounding morphological characters of genus Artemisia has created problems of generic delimitations and infrageneric classification for taxonomists. This work suggests the use of additional morphological traits in identification and classification of Artemisia. It is observed that same species show polymorphic characters under certain environmental conditions that make them more difficult to classify. To resolve this problem, 52 morphological characters of 42 taxa were selected for phylogenetic analysis of the genus. These include study of life cycle, lifeform, stem, leaf, capitulum, receptacle and achene traits. The results showed that the major variation exist in stem, leaf and capitular characters. These characters were found helpful in discrimination of taxa at specific and subgeneric levels. The phylogeny results revalidated Artemisia as a monophyletic lineage. Moreover, Seriphidium is recognised as a subgenus within the confines of Artemisia. Therefore, regardless of the utilization of modern molecular data, perpetual utilization of morphological information in the field is still required.


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Cladistics of Western Himalayan Artemisia L. (Anthemideae, Asteraceae) reconstructed on morphological traits

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