Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | May 1, 2019

| Download 1

Climate change threat to horticulture crops and performance of agricultural extension in Balochistan

Rahmatullah, Katsuhito Fuyuki, Khalid Nawab

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.14(5), 497-506, May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.5.497-506


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Environmental changes today are an inevitable reality for Pakistan and is starting to show its effect through extreme heat stress at basic vegetative stages and expanded water prerequisites of crops. The Aim of this study was to explore the effect of climate change on horticulture crops and the role of agricultural extension workers in Balochistan. A total of 384 farmers were selected through single stage sampling technique for the study, data were collected thorough well-structured interview schedule and analyzed by using Statistical Package for social sciences (SPSS), Paired sample t-test and one sample t-test was applied on the data. The results reveals that majority 82% of the farmers don’t know the agricultural extension worker of their area and 95% of the farmers reported that the agricultural extension worker never visited them while, 84% of the farmers reported that fellow farmers were the major source of agricultural information. Majority 93% of the farmers perceived that rainfall is decreased and 97% of the farmers’ perceived temperature is increased. Results further reveals that highly significant (P≤0.00) decrease was observed in the area and yield of all major horticulture crops over the last 10-15 years. Climate change has severe effects on declining crops yield, increasing cost of production, crop infestation with insects and diseases and frequent occurrences of droughts. It is suggested that training should be arranged on climate change and its adaptation for agricultural extension works which will enable them to perform in a batter way in the field.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Climate change threat to horticulture crops and performance of agricultural extension in Balochistan

Adesina AA, Baidu-Forson J. 1995. Farmers’ perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural economics 13(1), p 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5150(95)01142-8

Ahmad M, Akram M, Rauf R, Khan IA, Pervez, U. 2007. Interaction of extension worker with farmers and role of radio and television as sources of information in technology transfer: a case study of four villages of district Peshawar and Charsadda. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 23(2), 515.

Ajuang CO, Abuom PO, Bosire EK, Dida GO, Anyona DN. 2016. Determinants of climate change awareness level in upper Nyakach Division, Kisumu County, Kenya. Springer Plus 5(1), p 1015.-1020. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-2699-y

Akanda AKM, Roknuzzaman MD. 2012. Agricultural information literacy of farmers in the Northern Region of Bangladesh. In Information and Knowledge Management 2(6), 1-11.

Bachhav NB. 2012. Information Needs of the Rural Farmers: A Study from Maharashtra, India: A Survey. Library Philosophy & Practice. E-journal: p1-12.

Baig MB, Al-Subaiee FS, Straquadine GS. 2009. Role of agricultural extension in sustainable rural development in Pakistan. Agricultural Management/Lucrari Stiintifice Seria I. Management Agricol 11(1), 10-28. http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/860108645

Baloch AM, Thapa BG. 2014. Agricultural extension in Balochistan, Pakistan: Date palm farmers’ access and satisfaction. Journal of Mountain Science 11(4), p 1035-1048. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-013-2837-8

Brown ME. 2006. Assessing natural resource management challenges in Senegal using data from participatory rural appraisals and remote sensing. World Development 34(4), 751–767.

Casley DJ, Kumar K. 1988. The collection, analysis and use of monitoring and evaluation data. The World Bank.

Cochran WG. 1977. Sampling Techniques. 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Dieye AM, Roy DP. 2012. A study of rural Senegalese attitudes and perceptions of their behavior to changes in the climate. Environmental management 50(5), 929-941. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-012-9932-4

Farooqi AB, Khan AH, Mir H. 2005. Climate change perspective in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Meteorology 2(3), 11-21.

Fosu-Mensah BY, Vlek PL, Mac Carthy DS, 2012. Farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change: a case study of Sekyedumase district in Ghana. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14(4), p 495-505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-012-9339-7

Gbetibouo AG. 2009. Understanding farmers’ perceptions and adaptations to climate change and variability. The case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa. IFPRI Discussion Paper 00849. February 2009.

Girona J, Behboudian MH, Mata M, Del Campo J, Marsal J. 2010. Exploring six reduced irrigation options under water shortage for ‘Golden Smoothee ’apple: responses of yield components over three years. Agricultural Water Management 98(2), p 370-375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.09.011

Go B. 2014. Government of Balochistan. 2013-2014. Agriculture Statistics of Balochistan. Quetta, Department of Agriculture Extension, Balochistan, Pakistan. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.10.002

Ishaya S, Abaje IB. 2008. Indigenous people’s perception on climate change and adaptation strategies in Jema’a local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of geography and regional planning 1(8), 138. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajcc.2016.52016

Live Science. 2017. Global warming could trigger insect population boom. html. Retrieved August 2, 2018. https://www.livescience.com/4296-global-warming-trigger-insect-population-boom.

Maponya P, Mpandeli S. 2013. The role of extension services in climate change adaptation in Limpopo province, South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 5(7), p 137-142. https://doi.org/10.5897/JAERD12.117

Naor A. 2006. Irrigation Scheduling and Evaluation of Tree Water Status in Deciduous Orchards. Horticultural Reviews. 32, 111-166.

Ogalleh S, Vogl C, Eitzinger J, Hauser M. 2012. Local perceptions and responses to climate change and variability: The case of Laikipia District, Kenya. Sustainability 4(12), 3302-3325. https://doi.org/10.3390/su4123302

PARC. 1980. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council. Agro-ecological regions of Pakistan. Islamabad, PARC (Pakistan Agricultural Research Council), Islamabad.

PDMA. 2018. Balochistan Profile. Retrieved in August 28, 2018. http://pdma.gob.pk/?cat=23.Retrieval Date.  August 28, 2018.

Raghuvanshi R, Ansari M, Amardeep A. 2017. A Study of Farmers’ Awareness about Climate Change and Adaptation Practices in India, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences 3(6), 154-160. https://doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20170306.13

Safdar U, Shahbaz B, Ali T, Khan IA, Luqman, M, Ali S. 2014. Role of agricultural extension services in adaptation to climate change in Highlands of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 51, 1193-1198.

Schmidhuber J, Tubiello FN. 2007. Global food security under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), p 19703-19708. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0701976104

Tschakert P. 2007. Views from the vulnerable: understanding climate and other stressors in the Sahel. Global Environmental Change. 17(3–4), 381–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.11.008

Uddin M, Bokelmann W, Entsminger J. 2014. Factors affecting farmers’ adaptation strategies to environmental degradation and climate change effects: A farm level study in Bangladesh. Climate, 2(4), p 223-241. https://doi.org/10.3390/cli2040223

UNDP. 2015. United Nations Development Program. Request for Proposals (RFP): Drought Risk Assessment in Selected Districts of Balochistan. Islamabad, p 103-104.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background