Combining ability and heritability estimation for elite genotypes in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2019
Views (234) Download (11)

Combining ability and heritability estimation for elite genotypes in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Dalel Khan Mandan, Altaf Hussain Solangi, Gul Muhammad Baloch, Zahoor Ahmed Soomro, Qamarudin Chachar, Wajid Ali Jatoi, Altaf Hussain Solangi
Int. J. Biosci.15( 2), 570-585, August 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Wheat breeders are also well known of the phenomenon that in a hybridization programmes, certain crosses pass-on more favorable genes towards the progenies than others. Thus, identification of potential parents and hybrids remained main concern to cotton breeders for improving various yield and biomass traits in wheat breeding programmes. Genetic inheritance pattern deals with the nature of gene action. The present study was carried out in two different locations of Sindh (Tandojam and Sakrand) under the Directorate of Wheat Research Institute Sakrand. In order to estimate the combining ability six parents (TD-1, TJ-83, Imdad, Moomal, SKD-1 and Mehran) were chosen for the study of 6 × 6 half diallel crosses. The seed of six parents along with their F1 hybrids were sown in a randomized complete block design comprising of four replications. Data were recorded and evaluating from following characters viz., tillers plant-1, spike length (cm), grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1, seed index and harvest index (%). The mean squares from analysis of variances for genotypes, crosses and parents were significant for all the traits studied. In both I and II locations the data showed that all the characters such as tillers plant-1, spike length, grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1, seed index and harvest index (%) showed dominance type of gene action the degree of dominance revealed that ratio of dominance over additive genes and above unity (≥ 1.0) for all characters. The data further discovered that in all the traits revealed dominance, partial dominance and over dominance types of gene action.


Adel MM, Ali EA. 2013. Gene action and combining ability in a six parental diallel cross of wheat. Asian Journal of Crop Sciences 5, 14-23.

Ajmal SU, Zakir N, Mujahid MY. 2009. Estimation of genetic parameters and character association in wheat. J. Agric. Biol. Sci 1(1), 15-18.

Akbar M, Anwar J, Hussain M, Qureshi MH, Khan S. 2009. Line x tester analysis in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) J. Agric, Res 47(1), 21-30.

Akram Z, Ajmal SU, Kiani AA, Jamil M. 2007. Genetic analysis of protein, lysine, gluten and flour yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pak. J. Biol. Sci 10(12),1900-1995.

Akram Z, Ajmal SU, Shabbir G, Munir M, Cheema NM. 2009. Inheritance mechanism of some yield components in bread wheat. Pak. J. Agric. Res 22(1-2), 1-8.

Allah SU, Khan AS, Raza A, Sadique S. 2010. Gene action analysis of yield and yield related traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum). Intl. J. Agri. Biol 12(1), 125-128.

Alpay BALKAN. 2018. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and quality traits in m2-4 generations of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Turk J Field Crops 23(2), 173-179.

Anwar J, Ali M, Hussain M, Sabir W, Khan MA, Zulkiffal M, Abdullah M. 2009. Assessment of yield criteria in bread wheat through correlation and path analysis. J. Animal Plant Sci 19(4), 186-188.

Arshad J, Khan S, Sayal OU, Waqas M, Ullah Q, Ali S. 2017. Genetic variability, broad sense heritability and genetic advance studies in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm. Pure and Applied Biology (PAB) 6(2), 538-543.

Athar HB, Rajpar AA, Kalhoro SA, Ali A, Kalhoro FA, Ahmed M, Raza S, Kalhoro NA. 2016. Correlation and Regression Analysis for Yield Traits in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes. Natural Science 8, 96-104.

Bao YG, Wang S, Wang XQ, Wang YH, Li XF, Wang L, Wang HG. 2009. Heterosis and combining ability for major yield traits of a new wheat germplasm shannong 0095 derived from Thinopyrum intermedium. Agric. Sci. China 8, 753-760.

Çifci EA, Yağdi K. 2010. The research of the combining ability of the agronomic traits of bread wheat in F1 and F2 generations. J. Agri. Faculty of Uludag Uni 24, 85-92.

Debasis P, Khurana P. 2001. Wheat biotechnology: A mini review. E.J.B ISSN: 0717-3458.

Desheva G. 2016. Correlation and path-coefficient analysis of quantitative characters in winter bread wheat varieties, Trakia Journal of Sciences No 1, pp 24-29.

Dharmendra S, Singh KN. 2010. Variability analysis for yield and yield attributes of bread wheat under salt affected conditions. www. 80/article.html.

El-Rawy MA, Hassan MI, Omran MF, El-defrawy MM. 2018. Gene action and combining ability of cellular thermo tolerance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Plant Breed. Biotech 6(3), 206-220.

Farooq J, Habib I, Saeed A, Nawab NN, Khaliq I, Abbas G. 2006. Combining ability for yield and its components in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) JASS 2(4), 207-211

Ghaderi MG, Zeinalikhanghah H, Hosseinzadeh AH, Taleei AR, Naghavi MR. 2009. Evaluation of relationships between grain yield, yield components and the other characteristics associated with grain yield in bread wheat using multivariate statistical analysis. Iran J crop Res 7(2), 573-582.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agriculture Research. John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2nd (Ed): New York, U.S.A.

GoP. 2015. Economic survey of Pakistan. 2015. Finance And Economic Affairs Division, Ministry Of Finance, govt. of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Griffing B. 1956. A generalised treatment of the use of diallel crosses in quantitative inheritance. Heredity 10, 31-50.

Kamaluddin MR, Singh Lal C, Prasad ZA, Malik, Joshi AK. 2007. Combining ability analysis for grain filling duration and yield traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Genetics and Molecular Biology 30(2), 411-416.

Khan AJ, Azam F, Ali A. 2010. Relationship of morphological traits and grain yield in recombination inbred with lines grown under drought conditions. Pak J Bot 42(1), 259-267.

Khan MH, Dar N. 2010. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of some quantitative traits in wheat. African Crop Sci. J 18(1), 9-14.

Khattab SAM, Esmail RM, Al-Ansari ARMF. 2010. Genetical analysis of some quantitative traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). New York. Sci. J 3(11), 152-157.

Khodarahmi M, Nabipour A, Zargari K. 2010. Genetic improvement of agronomic and quality traits of wheat cultivars introduced to temperate region of Iran during 1942-2007. African J. Agric. Res 5(9), 947-954.

Khokhar MI, Hussain M, Zulkiffal M, Ahmad N, Sabar W. 2010. Correlation and path analysis for yield and yield contributing characters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). African J. Plant Sci 4(11), 464-466.

Kutlu I, Olgun M. 2015. Determination of genetic parameters for yield components in bread wheat, International Journal of Biosciences 6(12), 61-70.

Majumder DAN, Shamsuddin AKM, Kabir MA, Hassan LA. 2008. Genetic variability correlated response and path analysis of yield and yield contributing traits of spring wheat. J. Bangladesh. Agric. Univ 6 (2), 227-234.

Muhammad SIKH. 2017. Combining Ability and Narrow-Sense Heritability in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Rainfed Environment. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 33(1), 22-29.

Ojaghi J, Akhundova E. 2010. Genetic effects for grain yield and its related traits in doubled haploid lines of wheat. Intl. J. Agric. Biol 2(1), 86-90.197.

Pagliosa ES, Benin G, Beche E, Silva CLD, Milioli AS, Tonatto M. 2017. Identifying superior spring wheat genotypes through diallel approaches. AJCS 11(1), 112-117.

Rahul SR, Kandalkar VS. 2018. Combining ability and heterosis for grain yield and its attributing traits in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(2), 113-119.

Seboka H, Ayana A, Zelleke H. 2009. Combining ability analysis for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). African J. Sci 3(1), 87-94.

Singh K, Gupta PK, Tewari N. 2009. Combining ability analysis for yield and quality traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum Linn. Emend Thell). Progressive Agric 9(2).

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York USA.

Trethowan RM, Reynolds M, Sayre K et al. 2005. Adapting wheat cultivars to resource conserving farming practices and human nutritional needs. Annals of Applied Biology 146(4), 405-413.

Tsenov N. 2009. Relation between time to heading and date of maturity of winter common wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L.) Agricultural Science and Technology 1(4), 126-132.

Yagdi K, Sozen E. 2009. Heritability, variance components and correlations of yield and quality traits in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Pak. J. Bot 41(2), 753-759.

Yaqoob M. 2016. Estimation of Genetic Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance For Yield And Yield Related Traits In Wheat Under Rainfed Conditions J. Agric. Res Vol. 54(1), 1-14.

Yucel C, Shehzad BF, Hakan O. 2009. Genetic analysis of some physical properties of bread wheat grain (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell) Turk J Agric 33(1), 525-535.